On the subcontinent of India there are two major musical systems in the Great Tradition, which musically requires proof of authoritative doctrine and proof of an oral tradition concerning the performance of the music in question. The two major musical systems in India are Hindustani and Carnatic. The Carnatic aspect of the Great Tradition is geographically located on the peninsula with the Dravidian speaking peoples. Both systems entail strict adherence to rules governing melody, rhythm, and metric distinction of role. The specific details concerning these roles is what lucidly separates these two styles in stark contrasts.
Other Styles in Indian Subcontinent Traditions