Franz Joseph Haydn

Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H. 7e/1

    Description by James Reel

    A favorite of the trumpet repertoire and possibly Haydn's most popular concerto, this work was composed in 1796 while the composer was working on the Creation. In the final years of his career Haydn seemed to prefer large choral works to instrumental pieces, but he was intrigued by a request for a concerto from Anton Weidinger, the trumpeter in the Vienna Court Orchestra. The valveless trumpets of the time could play only notes derived from a fundamental pitch and its related harmonic series, and so trumpet music tended to be melodically limited. Weidinger invented a keyed trumpet along the lines of a woodwind instrument; with drilled holes in the body of the instrument, the player could easily raise the pitch in half-tone steps, enabling them to play chromatic passages. The modern trumpet has been greatly refined since Weidinger's time, but the principle remains the same. Weidinger did not perform the Concerto in public until 1800. Surviving in a single manuscript copy, this extraordinary work wasn't performed again until 1929.

    Splendidly orchestrated, Haydn's concerto fully exploits the trumpet's new technical abilities. The opening Allegro is festive and radiant, with the orchestra introducing the main themes before they're taken up by the soloist. There's a motif that initially rises, subsequently allowing the trumpet to show off its new stock of notes in the low register. This motif evolves into a fanfare-like subject, which the soloist enriches with effective trills and other ornamentation. The development section requires the trumpeter to play in different keys, which would have been impossible on a valveless trumpet. Opening with a lovely, expansive melody in siciliano style, the second movement reveals the full lyrical and expressive potential of the new trumpet. In addition, this movement, which exemplifies the consummate melodic artistry of Haydn's late works, showcases the instrument's ability to easily modulate from key to key. Written in a sonata rondo form, the concluding Allegro begins with an angular, fanfare-like theme, continuing with material which calls upon the soloist's dexterity in handling trills and other technical effects. Following a concise, brief development section which mainly negotiates primary thematic material, a recapitulation leads the trumpeter to a higher, brighter tessitura. A spirited combination of technical brilliance and musical élan, the third movement ends with a gleaming, celebratory coda.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Finale. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Deutsche Grammophon
    2018 SWR Klassik SWR 19056CD
    2018 Capriccio Records C 7285
    2017 Decca
    2017 Summit Records SMT 706
    2017 Brilliant Classics BRI 95608
    2016 Archiv Produktion 0002894795814
    2016 Erato 0190295974947
    2016 Solo Musica SM 234
    2015 K-Tel 135929
    2015 Alba ABCD 369
    2015 Indesens INDE 075
    2015 Dutton Vocalion / Vocalion CDLK 4541
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795229
    2015 Ricercar RIC 357
    2014 Archiv Produktion 4793609
    2013 Danacord DACOCD 742
    2013 MDG MDGBA 9061781
    2013 Berlin Classics 0300549
    2013 Warner Classics 678925
    2013 Acanta 233701
    2012 Entertainment Group 13003
    2012 Warner Classics
    2012 Warner Classics
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 Acanta 233595
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2012 Christophorus CHE 01782
    2012 Teldec 2564672076
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099909489622
    2011 Ligia 105220
    2011 Decca 468 207-2
    2011 Denon Records
    2011 Brilliant Classics 9010
    2010 Warner Classics
    2010 Decca
    2010 Regis Records 1325
    2010 Alto 1063
    2010 ABC Classics / SBS Records 4764110
    2010 Berlin Classics 0300024
    2010 Tudor Records 7169
    2010 Summit Records 545
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Indesens 0018
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Classics / Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Erato 2564695722
    2009 Naxos 8506019
    2009 Gramola 98825
    2009 Decca / Decca Crossover
    2009 Decca 4781478
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 Berlin Classics / Corona Classic Collection 0000362CCC
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921621
    2008 EMI Classics
    2008 Warner Classics & Jazz 2564695627
    2008 Berlin Classics 0184302BC
    2008 Naxos 8570482
    2008 Landscape Classics / Zebralution
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 459206
    2008 Wcj 2564 695740
    2008 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 8060
    2008 EMI Classics 562946
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 474567
    2007 Decca / Universal Classics 4759126
    2007 Sanctuary CDRSN3095
    2007 EMI Music Distribution 82227
    2007 Simax 1292
    2006 MSR Classics 1155
    2006 Universal
    2006 MDG 6011395
    2006 MDG 9011395
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 77137
    2006 Elatus
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Berlin Classics 0012542
    2005 Berlin Classics 0010362
    2005 Arte Nova 584240
    2005 Archipel 0227
    2005 Capriccio Records 71005
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 76954
    2005 Regis Records 1053
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 62947
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 477 5036
    2004 St. Clair 31242
    2004 Sony Classical SK92619
    2004 Brilliant 92395
    2004 Sony Music Distribution 5162332
    2004 Decca
    2004 Sony Classical 93084
    2003 Haenssler 98450
    2003 Naxos 8554806
    2003 Sony Classical 90392
    2003 Eroica Distribution 213
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000002502
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000019302
    2002 Stradivari 9320
    2002 Four Winds 3021
    2002 Capriccio Records 51102
    2002 Kleos Classics 5122
    2002 Sony Music Distribution 89862
    2001 St. Clair 7316
    2001 Deutsche Grammophon
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 754897
    2000 Michele 9007
    2000 Philips 464028
    2000 Wallace Collection 2001
    2000 Philips 4681802
    2000 Sony Classical Essential Classics SS-57497
    1999 Music & Arts CD1050
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 415104
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 73374
    1999 Masterpiece 99007
    1999 Summit Records 209
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 72279
    1998 Tuxedo Music 1072
    1998 Channel Classics 11297
    1997 Seraphim UK 69731
    1997 Point Classics 267153
    1997 Carlton Classics 00662
    1996 Capriccio Records 10598
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 62649
    1996 Seraphim UK 569140
    1996 Universal Classics & Jazz / Universal Distribution
    1995 Curb 78038
    1995 Nimbus 7016
    1995 Disques Pierre Verany 730029
    1995 Vox 5074
    1995 Rondo Grammofon 8337
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 68202
    1994 Capriccio Records 10436
    1994 Capriccio Records 10010
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon 413 853-2GX2
    1994 Sony Music Distribution 57497
    1993 Digital Concerto 737
    1993 Teldec 4509-90846-2
    1992 Naxos 550243
    1992 Archiv Produktion 431678
    1992 EMI Music Distribution 69152
    1991 London 430633
    1990 CBS Records Masterworks 37846
    1990 CBS Records 39310
    1990 Telarc Distribution 80232
    1989 Nimbus Records 5010
    1989 EMI Music Distribution 49474
    1987 Philips
    1987 Philips / Philips 4202032
    1987 Decca 417 610-2OH
    1986 Deutsche Grammophon 415980
    1985 EMI Music Distribution 473112
    1984 Delos 3001
    RCA 60858
    Hyperion 67266
    Stradivari 9321
    Denon Records 7544
    Capriccio Records 10995
    Collins Records 3008
    Accord 220462
    BBC Music Magazine 325
    Erato 45059
    Erato
    Masters of the Millennium 2016
    Brilliant 92395/38
    Forlane 061
    Vanguard 136
    INT 885928
    Excelsior Recordings 5251
    EXL 5251
    EMI Classics 69152
    EMI Music Distribution 69880
    EMI Music Distribution 4589
    Midwest 1074
    Deutsche Grammophon 469 148-2GP2
    Deutsche Grammophon 469 229-2GP2
    MCA 5844
    Pilz 43813
    JVC Compact Discs 6509
    Sony Music Distribution / Masterworks / Sony Classical Essential Classics 88697095792
    Deutsche Grammophon 464611
    Supraphon 104128
    RCA 61857
    Omega Music Poland 2535
    Capitol AMG000007011