Ludwig van Beethoven

Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125

    Description by Rovi Staff

    On May 7, 1824, Ludwig van Beethoven experienced what must certainly have been the greatest public triumph of his career. The audience which gathered at the Hoftheater adjacent to the Vienna Kärtnertor heard not only the abridged local premiere of Beethoven's Missa Solemnis (the Kyrie, Credo, and Gloria were given) and Op. 124 Overture, but also the first performance of the composer's 'Choral' Symphony. The event was a rousing success; indeed, one of the most moving accounts of Beethoven's final years describes how the profoundly deaf composer, unable to hear the colossal response of his admirers, had to be turned around by one of the soloists so that he could see the hundreds of clapping hands!

    Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 started life as two separate works -- a symphony with a choral finale, and a purely instrumental work in D minor. He labored on these sporadically for almost 10 years before finally deciding (in 1822) to combine the two ideas into one symphony, with Friedrich von Schiller's Ode an die freude (Ode to Joy) -- a text he had contemplated setting for a number of years -- as the finale.

    The finished work is of visionary scope and proportions, and represents the apogee of technical difficulty in its day. There are passages, notably a horn solo in the slow movement, which would have been almost impossible to play on the transitional valveless brass instruments of Beethoven's time. As Dennis Matthews writes: "As with other late-period works, there are places where the medium quivers under the weight of thought and emotion, where the deaf composer seemed to fight against, or reach beyond, instrumental and vocal limitations."

    The Ninth also personifies the musical duality that was to become the nineteenth century -- the conflict between the Classic and Romantic, the old and new. The radically different styles of Brahms and Liszt, for instance, both had their precedents in this work. On one hand, there was the search for a broader vocabulary (especially in terms of harmony and rhythm) within the eighteenth century framework; on the other, true Romanticism, embracing the imperfect, the unattainable, the personal and the extreme -- qualities that violate the very nature of Classicism. When viewed individually, the first three movements still have their roots distinctly in the eighteenth century, while the fourth -- rhapsodic, and imbued with poetic meaning -- seems to explode from that mold, drawing the entire work into the realm of program music, a defining concept of musical Romanticism.

    Beethoven's Ninth represents a fitting culmination to the composer's symphonic ouvre -- a body of work that is still unmatched in its scope and seminal ingenuity -- and remains a pillar of the modern symphonic repertoire.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro ma non troppo
    2. Molto vivace
    3. Adagio molto e cantabile
    4. Presto - Allegro assai
    5. Recitative - Allegro assai

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Edition Taschenphilharmonie ETP 010
    2018 Alpha 380
    2018 PentaTone Classics PTC 5186253
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798418
    2018 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 17015
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295886691
    2017 Berlin Classics 0300926 BC
    2017 Tafelmusik Media TMK 1034CD
    2017 Recursive Classics RC 2058306
    2017 Decca
    2017 BR Klassik 900156
    2017 Colorado Symphony Association CSACD 001
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295824600
    2017 Accentus ACC 80322
    2017 Nimbus Records NI 1713
    2017 Orchid Classics ORC 100064
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon 4797477
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295886721
    2017 Warner Classics 561986
    2017 Alpha 476
    2016 ABC Classics ABC 4812518
    2016 Warner Classics 554167
    2016 ASO Media ASO 1007
    2016 Tafelmusik Media TMK 1030 CD
    2016 MDG MDG 9371899
    2016 Tacet TACET 2194
    2016 Warner Classics 0190295975098
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795977
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88875169792
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796314
    2016 Berliner Philharmoniker BPHR 160091
    2016 Tacet TACET 974
    2016 Westminster Choir College WCC 1610
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 Analekta AN 291505
    2015 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88875112822
    2015 Glossa GCDC 81120
    2015 BR Klassik 900139
    2015 Sony Classical 88875123912
    2015 Andromeda ANDRCD 9079
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099999356521
    2014 Warner Classics 2564627829
    2014 Archipel ARPCD 0556
    2014 Warner Classics 545117
    2014 Warner Classics 2564633735
    2014 Audite AUDITE 95641
    2014 Audite 92641
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon 4810591
    2014 Decca / Eloquence
    2014 Philips / Universal 4758147
    2014 Urania WS 121178
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 ICA Classics ICAB 5132
    2014 Warner Classics 2564633618
    2014 RCA Red Seal 88843003502
    2014 Andromeda ANDRCD 5061
    2014 Naïve V 5393
    2014 Sony Classical 88843045052
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Tahra TAH 752
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94630
    2013 Crystal Classics DELTA 80006
    2013 Orfeo C 851121B
    2013 Harmonia Mundi HMA 1951687
    2013 Elatus 46736
    2013 Melodiya MELCD 1002014
    2013 ABC Classics 4810550
    2013 San Francisco Symphony SFS 0055
    2013 Teldec Classics 383063
    2013 BR Klassik 900119
    2013 Decca 4785437
    2013 Music & Arts CD 1276
    2013 Oehms Classics OC 090
    2013 Naxos 8501204
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon 4791046
    2012 Decca / Universal
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    2012 Brilliant Classics 94289
    2012 Haenssler / Hänssler Classic HAEN 93285
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    2012 Teldec Classics International / Warner Classics / Warner Classics International 61890
    2012 Glossa GCDSA 921116
    2012 Naxos 8501060
    2012 Sony Classical 88691919442
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
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    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2012 Andromeda ANDRCD 9093
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 4779830
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    2011 Musical Concepts MC199
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94052
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099909794
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    2011 Music & Arts CD1252
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    2011 Nimbus Alliance NI 6146
    2011 Berlin Classics 0300068
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    2011 Signum Classics SIGCD 254
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    2011 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH11009
    2011 Decca 4804112
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    2011 Pentatone / PentaTone Classics PTC 5186312
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    2011 Dynamic CDS 706
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    2007 Orfeo 754081
    2007 Tuxedo Music TUXCD 1083
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    2007 EMI Classics 3777672
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    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 000966502
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    2007 The Gift of Music GM180CD
    2007 Berlin 8403
    2007 LPO 99
    2007 BBC Legends 5001
    2007 Berlin Classics 0186002
    2007 Hyperion 44301
    2007 Brilliant 93178
    2006 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 41424
    2006 Document 224051
    2006 LSO Live 598
    2006 Warner Music 63779
    2006 RCA 1748444
    2006 Berlin Classics 0185342
    2006 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 6035
    2006 BIS 1616
    2006 Oehms 525
    2006 Koss 10003
    2006 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 LSO 92
    2006 LSO Live LSO 0592
    2006 Universal
    2006 Madacy 52319
    2006 Haenssler 93140
    2006 Music & Arts CD1191
    2006 Music & Arts CD1182
    2006 Warner Music 63927
    2005 Madacy 2960
    2005 Golden Melodram 40075
    2005 Orfeo 669051
    2005 Brilliant 92766
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Music & Arts MACD1166
    2005 Arte Nova 654110
    2005 EMI Classics
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    2005 Archipel 0077
    2005 Sony Classical 94745
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243476878
    2005 Archipel 0161
    2005 Pentatone Classics 5186146
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Opus KURA 7003
    2005 Erato
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    2005 Virgin Classics 62490
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    2005 Philips 4756883
    2005 Teldec / Warner Classics / Warner Music 4618902
    2005 Document 221790
    2005 Decca 475 6090DC6
    2005 Archipel 0270
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    2004 Arts Music 47700
    2004 Music & Arts 1144
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    2004 Music & Arts 1135
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    2004 Sony Classical Essential Classics 93011
    2004 Philips 000251636
    2004 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 7243585490
    2004 BBC Legends / BBC Music 41552
    2004 Music & Arts 1127
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    2004 Berlin Classics 0183882
    2004 High Definition Classics 49
    2004 ASV 6069
    2004 Testament 1332
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 474605
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    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 000218502
    2004 PentaTone Classics 5186159
    2004 Naxos 8508007
    2004 Brilliant 92387
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 575751
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    2004 Philips 4752722
    2004 Sony Music Distribution 92480
    2004 Laserlight 40027
    2004 Apex 60457
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    2004 EMI Music Distribution 62875
    2004 Document 221543
    2004 Intersound 5854
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    2003 Capriccio Records 50000
    2003 Aura Classics 0259
    2003 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 57445
    2003 Music & Arts 1117
    2003 RCA 89109
    2003 Haenssler 93089
    2003 Teldec 092749768
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 474 260-2GX2
    2003 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2003 Telarc Distribution 60603
    2003 Music & Arts CD-1119
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80603
    2003 Haenssler 93088
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 57572
    2003 Urania 11903
    2003 Naxos 8110863
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 473846
    2003 BBC Legends / BBC Music 41312
    2003 Classic Collection 99869
    2003 Apex 4604562
    2003 Opus KURA 2040
    2003 Apex 0927495702
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 1466
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    2003 RCA 55702
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87328
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000165536
    2003 Delta Distribution 40031
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 75477
    2003 Platinum Disc 2760
    2003 Berlin Classics 0183502BC
    2002 Brilliant 99927
    2002 Sony Music Distribution 87885
    2002 Vox 90115
    2002 Archipel 53
    2002 Testament 1287
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 471 640-2GSA
    2002 Classica d'Oro 1051
    2002 Delta Distribution 14566
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 471491
    2002 Sony Classical 89959
    2002 D Classics 70616
    2002 Rca Red Seal 90114
    2002 Andante 4988
    2002 NM Classics 97016
    2001 RCA 66656
    2001 Erato / Virgin 7243561943
    2001 Classica d'Oro 1022
    2001 St. Clair 7344
    2001 Harmonia Mundi 2981687
    2001 Allegro Corporation 1001
    2001 RCA 68005
    2001 RCA 89104
    2001 Philips 468112
    2001 Classic Options 3527
    2001 Capriccio Records 51036
    2001 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243567496
    2001 Disky 70708
    2001 Legacy Entertainment CBX001
    2001 Tahra 1054-1057
    2001 Music & Arts 1065
    2001 Deutsche Grammophon 469 262-2GP2
    2001 Worldwide Success Records 2017
    2001 Lifestyles 315024
    2001 Azzurra Music 039
    2000 Tahra 129/130/131
    2000 Teldec 28144
    2000 Decca
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon 469000
    2000 Urania 159
    2000 Unesco 4706350
    2000 Orfeo D'Or 533001
    2000 Amadis 18501
    2000 Living Stage 34717
    2000 Archipel 2
    2000 Supraphon 34572
    2000 Music & Arts 4653
    2000 Arkadia 78544
    2000 Stradivarius 10003
    2000 RCA 63682
    2000 Tring 051
    2000 Teldec 83063
    2000 Teldec 27838
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 73895
    2000 Naxos 110929
    2000 Disky 70527
    2000 Music & Arts 4943
    2000 Angel Records 67317
    2000 Tahra 185-189
    1999 Arte Nova 65410
    1999 Decca 452487
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 427655
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    1999 Seraphim UK / Warner Classics 7243573284
    1999 Music & Arts 818
    1999 Harmonia Mundi 901687
    1999 Arte Nova 65411
    1999 Madacy 8426
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    1999 Magic Master 37065
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 66953
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    1999 Carlton / Carlton Classics 6601022
    1999 Masterpiece 90032
    1999 Testament 1177
    1999 Naxos 8110824
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 573329-2
    1999 Symposium 1230
    1999 London 460622
    1999 Brilliant 99093
    1999 Intersound 3858
    1999 Vanguard 9010
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463468
    1999 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 223
    1999 Music & Arts 4049
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 447398
    1999 History 203290
    1999 Music & Arts 846
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 3855
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    1999 Carlton 6601229
    1998 Intersound 1736
    1998 Music & Arts CD1027
    1998 Angel Records 72923
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    1998 Delta Distribution 11521
    1998 EMI Music Distribution 19695
    1998 Intersound 2821
    1998 Sony Classical 63152
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    1998 EMI Music Distribution 66797
    1998 Grammofono 2000 78826
    1998 Angel Records / Seraphim UK 95372
    1998 Angel Records / Seraphim UK 569537-2
    1998 Disky 703732
    1998 Lys 128
    1998 Tahra 1034/39
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453 804-2GCB6
    1997 Madacy 8810
    1997 Point Classics 265026
    1997 Lys 174
    1997 Virgin Veritas 61378
    1997 Tahra 230
    1997 Naxos 553478
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 66218
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63240
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453701
    1997 L'Oiseau-Lyre 452551
    1997 L'Oiseau-Lyre
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453700
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 457097
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon
    1996 Gemini Collection 613
    1996 Harmonia Mundi 2905225.30
    1996 Grammofono 2000 78012
    1996 Music & Arts 943
    1996 Arts Music 47370
    1996 Philips 454038
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 447401
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 62634
    1996 Chandos 7042
    1996 Archiv Produktion 447074
    1996 Carlton 690003
    1996 Arts Music 47248
    1996 Music & Arts CD918
    1996 Berlin Classics 0021992
    1996 Music & Arts CD-942
    1996 Sony Classical SK/ST-62616
    1996 Madacy 6780
    1996 Archiv Produktion 113
    1995 Carlton Classics 6800025
    1995 Harmonia Mundi 2901192.98
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 445503
    1995 Laserlight 15947
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 437368
    1995 Seraphim UK 68519
    1995 Curb 78031
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
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    1995 Sony Classical 64464
    1995 EMX 2186
    1995 Praga 250076
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    1995 Laserlight 14260
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    1995 Berlin Classics 0021942
    1995 Madacy 1000
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    1995 Grammofono 2000 78577
    1994 Archiv Produktion 439 900-2AH5
    1994 Accord 201002
    1994 Naxos 505001
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 68057
    1994 Chesky Records 66
    1994 Music & Arts CD-653
    1994 RCA 61795
    1994 Erato 94353
    1994 Philips 442156
    1994 Berlin Classics 0020052
    1994 Bescol 9
    1994 Philips 442 073-2PB5
    1994 Madacy 1034
    1994 Madacy 5602
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    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439200
    1993 EMI Classics 54505
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439006
    1993 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    1993 Music & Arts 2002
    1993 Philips 432995
    1993 Naxos 550181
    1993 Bridge 9033
    1993 RCA 61550
    1993 Classical Heritage 1201
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    1992 Nimbus 5144
    1992 Teldec 75713
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48396
    1992 London
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    1991 Decca / Universal
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    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46533
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    1990 Laserlight 15900
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 4290892
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    1990 Telarc Distribution 80120
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    1990 RCA 7880
    1990 Laserlight 15905
    1990 Decca 430400
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    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429 861-2GH
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    1989 Laserlight 15826
    1989 EMI Music Distribution 763310/5
    1989 Telarc Distribution 80200
    1989 Laserlight 15820
    1988 EMI Music Distribution 61076
    1988 Naxos 550181
    1988 Centaur Records 2107
    1987 Deutsche Grammophon 419598
    1987 CBS Records 37241
    1987 EMI D 100467
    1987 Deutsche Grammophon 415832
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    1980 Tahra 1003
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    Deutsche Grammophon 435321
    Vox 202
    Music & Arts 300
    Vox 8052
    EMI Music Distribution 494872
    EMI Music Distribution 749852
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    Classical Diamonds 4013
    Reader's Digest Music 5938
    Powder Classics 5076
    Fortune Classic 4227
    Hunt Productions 357
    Fonit-Cetra Italia 001
    Classica Music 34006
    Philharmonia of the Nations 10
    Brilliant 92766/5
    Ambroisie 124
    EMI Music Distribution 63359
    EMI Music Distribution 49493
    Forlane 018
    Classical Masterworks
    Deutsche Grammophon 413721
    Philips 410036
    Nuova Era 2249
    CBS Masterworks 45532
    Grammofono 2000 78896
    Disky 705272
    Capriccio Records 10451-55
    Laserlight 35604
    Monopoly 2049
    Forlane 16675
    Classic Art
    Stradivari 6102
    Forlane 16674
    Pilz 1904
    Pro-Arte Records 3010
    Musical Heritage Society 532476
    CBS Records 39711
    Decca 467892
    Document 919/20
    Andromeda 2521
    Sony Classical 61800
    D Classics 703782
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    As Disc 555
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    As Disc 312
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    BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 228
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    Internationale Musikf
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    Pickwick 11011
    Intersound 3091
    Grammofono 2000 78736
    Grammofono 2000 78007.11
    Decca 475 8040DB5
    Tahra 1036/37
    Lys 190
    Enterprise 919