Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major ("Eine kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525

    Description by Brian Robins

    The Serenade in G major (1787), the most enduringly popular of all of Mozart's works, was written during the a period when the composer was also hard at work on his opera Don Giovanni. The title "Eine kleine Nachtmusik" (A Little Night Music) is Mozart's own; "Nachtmusik" was actually a common designation for serenades of this type. While Mozart composed several such works during his years in Salzburg, the Serenade in G is unique to the period of his residence in Vienna (1781-1791). The work differs from Mozart's earlier serenades in its comparatively lean scoring: two violins, viola, cello, and double bass. Mozart's entry for this work in his catalogue shows that the work originally had five movements; the original second movement, a minuet, was later removed.

    The specific occasion for which the Serenade was written is not known, but some have suggested that the work's grace, elegance, and perfection of form were intended as an antidote to the deliberate banality and clumsiness of the composer's Ein musikalischer Spass (A musical joke), K. 522, composed some six weeks earlier. However, this seems to run counter to the character of a composer quite capable of unapologetically coarse musical humor (as in some of his vocal canons, for example). The musicologist Alfred Einstein, also makes the questionable assertion that Mozart wrote the Serenade to fulfill a personal inner need -- if true, certainly atypical for a composer who rarely produced music without some external motivation or purpose, whether financial or otherwise. The extant movements of the Serenade are as follows: Allegro; Romance (Andante); Menuetto (Allegretto); and Rondo (Allegro).

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Romance. Andante
    3. Menuetto & Trio. Allegretto
    4. Rondo. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2021
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4839845
    2020
    Arcana
    A 471
    2018
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    PH 18035
    2018
    SWR Music
    SWR 19066CD
    2018
    Warner Classics
    2017
    Not Now Music
    NOT 3CD268
    2017
    ABC Classics
    2017
    Warner Classics
    561986
    2017
    Warner Classics
    0190295886721
    2017
    ICA Classics
    ICAC 5145
    2017
    Opus KURA
    OPK-2118/19
    2017
    BIS
    BIS 2244
    2017
    BIS
    BIS 2236
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4796314
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    002894795516
    2016
    Supraphon
    SU 42032
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4812662
    2016
    Various Artists
    ABC Classics
    4812708
    2016
    Decca / London
    2016
    Master Music
    MRU 18
    2016
    Genuin
    GEN 16414
    2015
    Sonoma / Sonoma Entertainment
    ST 20985
    2015
    Various Artists
    K-Tel
    137704
    2015
    Hungaroton
    HCD 32752
    2015
    K-Tel
    136146
    2014
    SLG Records
    2014
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4793446
    2014
    Warner Classics
    2564633618
    2014
    Warner Classics
    545075
    2014
    La Dolce Volta
    LDV 279
    2014
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2014
    Wienerworld
    01367
    2014
    RCA Red Seal
    88843006072
    2014
    Warner Classics
    0825646319015
    2014
    RCA Red Seal
    88843026332
    2013
    Entertainment Group
    14177
    2013
    Various Artists
    Music & Melody / ZYX
    MUS 50172
    2013
    Elatus
    60123
    2013
    ATMA Classique
    ACD 22532
    2013
    Regis
    3015
    2012
    Various Artists
    Berlin Classics
    BER 300338
    2012
    Various Artists
    Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012
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    2012
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    002894770055
    2012
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    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099973170
    2012
    Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012
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    2012
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    4783387
    2012
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    88697963422
    2012
    Concerto / Zebralution
    2011
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    5099994846
    2011
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    2011
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    2011
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    5099908215826
    2011
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    88697906832
    2011
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    TC 53072
    2011
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    Sony Classical
    88697832792
    2011
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    5099909491922
    2011
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    Berlin Classics
    0300203BC
    2011
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    2011
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    2011
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    NI 7093
    2011
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    CLA 101162
    2011
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    W.W. Norton
    2011
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    54954
    2010
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    5099964851
    2010
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    Denon Records
    2010
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    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099945752
    2010
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    2600
    2010
    Sonoma
    177
    2010
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    124
    2010
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    AAO Music
    2010
    AAO Music
    2010
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    2010
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    2010
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    427 208-2GR
    2010
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    2010
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    0300031
    2010
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    2010
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    2010
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    2010
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    6285892
    2010
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    28190
    2010
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    694696
    2010
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    2088
    2009
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    2009
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    Berlin Classics
    0149572
    2009
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    2009
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    2009
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    00795041940926
    2009
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    47295
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    2009
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    98591
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    4763647
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    6009
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    2009
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    232540
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    223508
    2008
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    5099951576
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    5099921520
    2008
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    0002872CCC
    2008
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    8065
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    52948
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    52946
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    423778
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    2339
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    87861
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    257
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    93162
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    0184322
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    0000442CCC
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    24033
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    4697008
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    10319
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    12076
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    429170
    2008
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    2008
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    53890
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    277910
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    93320
    2007
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    2007
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    4000
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    9837812
    2007
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    231060
    2007
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    555352
    2007
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    8571042
    2007
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    4776682
    2007
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    93292
    2007
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    776
    2007
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    74321846022
    2007
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    87894
    2007
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    741073
    2007
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    322
    2007
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    93407
    2006
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    EMI Music Distribution
    70893
    2006
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    2006
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    77364
    2006
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    002894775800
    2006
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    2006
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    7751
    2006
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    86793
    2006
    Edel Classics
    2612
    2006
    Fone
    9830
    2006
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    99210
    2006
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    55990
    2006
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    292
    2006
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    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
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    30378
    2006
    Philips
    000764802
    2006
    Azzurra Music
    2006
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    009
    2006
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    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    459182
    2006
    Sony Classical Essential Classics
    82876884552
    2006
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    68103
    2006
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    000707502
    2006
    Berlin Classics
    0185552
    2006
    Naxos
    8557023
    2006
    K 617
    617182
    2006
    Philips
    464780
    2006
    Alia Vox
    9846
    2006
    Alia Vox
    9846SACD
    2006
    Opus KURA
    7015
    2006
    Sony Music Distribution
    678765
    2006
    EMI Music Distribution
    53206
    2006
    EMI Classics
    2006
    Philips
    2006
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    92869
    2006
    Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000649302
    2006
    Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4775222
    2006
    Various Artists
    Simply
    024
    2006
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    92705
    2006
    Alpha Productions
    092
    2005
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    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    0946330381
    2005
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    50503
    2005
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    15861
    2005
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    2005
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    477 5467
    2005
    Brass Classics
    3002
    2005
    Nonesuch
    2005
    ART
    8286
    2005
    MediaTag
    21
    2005
    Direct Source
    3962
    2005
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    92702
    2005
    Artemis Records / Artemis Classics
    1575
    2005
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    98490
    2005
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    4775296
    2005
    Various Artists
    Sony Music Distribution
    72884
    2005
    Warner Classics
    2564623352
    2005
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    2968
    2005
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4775436
    2005
    Harmonia Mundi
    2967280
    2005
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    4757053
    2005
    EMI Music Distribution
    66388
    2005
    EMI Classics
    094634678926
    2005
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    2005
    EMI Music Distribution
    76876
    2005
    Erato
    2005
    Radiance Records
    17486
    2005
    Various Artists
    Inteli Kids
    IK1003
    2005
    Oehms
    529
    2005
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    2005
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    2005
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    62497
    2005
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    0183972BC
    2005
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    000388602
    2005
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    Deutsche Grammophon
    4775756
    2005
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    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2005
    Archipel
    0180
    2005
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    92540
    2004
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    000281300
    2004
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    St. Clair
    621
    2004
    Various Artists
    St. Clair
    96852
    2004
    Denon Records / Radiance/SLG
    17340
    2004
    BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) / Brentwood Records
    400338
    2004
    Artone
    222330-354
    2004
    Various Artists
    St. Clair
    9979
    2004
    Intersound
    5849
    2004
    Document
    221543
    2004
    Denon Records
    17381
    2004
    St. Clair
    31372
    2004
    Laserlight
    27776
    2004
    High Definition Classics
    INF 55
    2004
    United Audio Entertainment
    6515
    2004
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    92388
    2004
    United Audio Entertai
    6295
    2004
    Symposium
    1241
    2004
    Primarily A Cappella
    4530
    2004
    Haenssler
    94040
    2004
    Various Artists
    Golden Classics / Madacy
    5288
    2004
    Brilliant
    92411
    2004
    Intersound
    5730
    2004
    Tacet
    136
    2004
    Berlin Classics
    0017732BC
    2004
    Artemis Classics
    1542
    2003
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    220822
    2003
    Merkton / Zebralution
    2003
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    40039
    2003
    Various Artists
    Delta Distribution
    40024
    2003
    Testament
    1273
    2003
    Classical Express
    3951022
    2003
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    80108
    2003
    Harmonia Mundi
    807280
    2003
    Harmonia Mundi
    907280
    2003
    Testament
    1303
    2003
    Decca
    473843
    2003
    Haenssler
    98442
    2003
    Mellon
    85757
    2003
    Brilliant
    99733
    2003
    Capriccio Records
    71001
    2003
    EMI Classics
    2003
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2003
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    000020002
    2003
    PentaTone Classics
    5186002
    2003
    Virgin
    562212
    2003
    Virgin Classics
    2003
    Sony Music Distribution
    87989
    2003
    Pro Organo
    7167
    2003
    Artemis Classics
    1183
    2002
    St. Clair
    3091
    2002
    BCI Music (Brentwood Communication)
    40180
    2002
    Vox
    VOX7812
    2002
    Opus KURA
    2021
    2002
    SPJ Music
    SPJ90607-2
    2002
    Disques Pierre Verany
    730002
    2002
    Calliope
    3241-8
    2002
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    0927426642
    2002
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    leniadochira2
    2001
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    B49
    2001
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    2001
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    7314
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    T-Rax
    B45
    2001
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    203090
    2001
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    586154
    2001
    Various Artists
    BCI-Eclipse Distribution
    40030
    2001
    History
    205253
    2001
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    SU35652
    2001
    CBC Records
    5150
    2001
    Music Digital
    40502
    2001
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    51030
    2001
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    7346
    2001
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    1064
    2001
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    7343
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    Concerto Royale
    206259
    2001
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    540
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    539
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    64453
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    315022
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    27791
    2000
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    70587
    2000
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    33107
    2000
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    Onyx Classix
    1915
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    Tahra
    121/23
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    49385
    2000
    Philips
    464 790-2PB11
    2000
    Vanguard
    8211
    2000
    Amadis
    7013
    2000
    Praga
    250138
    2000
    Deutsche Grammophon
    469619
    2000
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    026
    2000
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    553225
    2000
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    1951022
    2000
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    78528
    2000
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    70644
    2000
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    67334
    2000
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    464022
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    64533
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    63589
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    142
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    6514
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    041
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    24465
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    2040
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    83066-2
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    99009
    1999
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    299/300
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    7243573289
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    1222
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    422500
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    350352
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    0399
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    64406
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    423212
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    3857
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    8401
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    446226
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    3900
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    705982
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    1363
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    9504
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    92005
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    1737
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    2819
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    5564
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    90008
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    4579232
    1998
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    11527
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    458310
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    460034
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    17011
    1998
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    320/22
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    3841
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    515
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    1144
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    516
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    70062
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    64644
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    8822
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    63272
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    453076
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    64349
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    9248
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    267120
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    1006
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    49176
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    1093
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    48054
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    18915
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    68913
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    98989
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    024
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    68113
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    2057
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    13782
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    2505
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    3340
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    426204
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    64468
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    4305
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    7680
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    69027
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    4004
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    46527
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    62585
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    568531
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    23063
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    3173
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    64600
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    5601
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    446 222-2PB25
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    3804
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    23161
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    1202
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    0500
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    438748
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    1204
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    506
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    4509959822
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    57230
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    67777
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    10185
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    21005
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    67141
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    3603
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    418
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    5401
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    29103
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    9309
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    861
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    80332
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    2024
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    415843
    1993
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    807
    1993
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    61552
    1993
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    6410
    1993
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