When Chopin wrote this piece he was sick with advanced tuberculosis and his relationship with his lover, George Sand, was falling apart because of the increasing opposition to him by her grown children, Maurice and Solange. Despite these dire circumstances, Chopin could still write perky music, as evidenced by this short Bourrée, which is a dance form associated with the French court from the seventeenth century.
Lasting about a minute, this piece is chipper and colorful in its vigorous jaunt. To some the music will sound too simplistic and barren for Chopin, lacking his rich harmonies and suave manner. Those Chopin mavens hearing it for the first time might well assume it is a very early work, perhaps a piece of juvenilia, so youthful and direct is its playful, robust, and repetitive music. This and its companion piece, the A major Bourrée, also from 1846, are not popular works in the composer's output, largely because of their terseness and generally brusque style.