Sahir Ludhyanvi (born Abdul Hayi) was one of the most prolific songwriters in the history of India's cinema. During the 31 years that he composed for Indian film (1949 to 1980), Ludhyanvi wrote more than 200 songs, ghazals, and nazms, many of which continue to be sung in his native land. Although the son of a wealthy landlord, Ludhyanvi never benefited from his financial legacy. Instead, he chose to live with his mother after she left his father and was cut off from his assets. Graduating from the Khalsa High School in Ludhiana, Ludhyanvi continued his education at the city's Government College. A talented poet, Ludhyanvi became the editor of Adap Lateef and Savera in Lahore. With his socialist-inspired writing heavily criticized by the government of Lahore, he temporarily relocated to Delhi and began working for a magazine, Shahraah. A collection of his poems, Talkhiaan, was published in 1943. Moving to Bombay in late-'49, Ludhyanvi soon began his involvement with the film industry. He continued to compose for Indian movies until his death in 1980.
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