Monserrate served for the church of St Martin in Valencia where he wrote a plainsong discourse entitled "Arte breve, y compendiosa de las dificultades que se ofrecen en la musica practica del canto llano." This is one of the only theoretical works on music from Spain published during the seventeenth century. He was unsympathetic toward the amateur musician who knew nothing concerning the strong and traditional foundations of the musical arts. Monserrate's own treatise paid great homage to previous authorities. The work was divided into two portions: fundamentals and examples. Historically his work became important in Spainish musical theory as it was often quoted by later theorists. The corpus of the work contained the usual categories of notation, accidentals, cadences, modes and solmization.
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