The only new piece of Simon & Garfunkel music on the soundtrack to The Graduate, "Mrs. Robinson" had been lingering in Paul Simon's back pages for a while as an instrumental that did not work as such. Serendipitously, director Mike Nichols came sniffing around for Simon & Garfunkel material for the film that Simon claims he did not particularly like, based on an early-'60s novel he likened to "bad Salinger." Simon felt the film had little potential, but also felt the duo had little to lose by permitting use of their music. They used old songs like "April Come She Will" and "Scarborough Fair" to mark the places where the duo would later place new song inspired by the film. But Nichols liked the way the songs worked, which was a good thing, as Simon apparently had trouble getting inspired by the film. Partner Art Garfunkel suggested to Simon that he try inserting the character's name of Mrs. Robinson into the instrumental piece, and the rest is history; the film's use of the pop music to emphasize the narrative and give voice to the inner workings of the main character, Benjamin Braddock, was groundbreaking for a film that was not a musical. Simon & Garfunkel even fought against CBS Records' head, Clive Davis' insistence that they release a soundtrack record padded with the film's incidental music; the duo felt such an album would cheat their fan base and distract what they felt was a far more important work, their ambitious song-cycle album Bookends (1968). Only when Davis argued that the wider exposure of the film was beneficial to the duo and also agreed to not hold up that record -- releasing the two simultaneously -- did the pair agree to the soundtrack. As it turns out, the union of Simon & Garfunkel music and the zeitgeist-tapping film proved a symbiotic commercial jackpot for both. It was not until after the film was released that Simon developed "Mrs. Robinson" into a full song, having needed only small pieces of it for the soundtrack. The lyrics of the original are a bit more literal to the character. The instrumental performances are a little roughshod, existing in part as cues to the film, with Everly Brothers-meet-Bo Diddley guitar strumming and hummed melodies. The more well-known, hit version of the song was included on Bookends. As much as he sought to distance himself initially from the film, The Graduate was the perfect vehicle for Simon's songs; from the beginning of his songwriting career and continuing through Bookends, Simon had explored the recurring themes of the alienated individual, the lonely and prophetic voice of reason disenfranchised and disappointed by the unfulfilled promise of America, a promise replaced with the emptiness and ache of his song "America." The sense of the country's lost innocence is expressed in "Mrs. Robinson"'s most quoted verse: "Where have you gone, Joe DiMaggio/Our nation turns its lonely eyes to you/Woo woo woo/What's that you say, Mrs. Robinson?/Joltin' Joe has left and gone away?" Simon claims that the song was also the first time the word Jesus was used in a pop song. Despite the controversy it caused at radio, the single went on to become the duo's best-seller thus far. The final Bookends version of the song is a slinky, funky, percussive, acoustic arrangement, heavy on conga drums and the duo's trademark ultra-smooth harmonies. While they were clearly influenced by Bob Dylan and the Beatles, Simon & Garfunkel were still most indebted to the Everly Brothers, the heroes of their youth on whom they modeled their first high school incarnation, Tom and Jerry. "Mrs. Robinson" is really just an update of the Everlys' sound. And continuing the update and the tradition of the song as a backdoor hit, punk-popsters the Lemonheads covered the song for the 25th anniversary re-release of the film/home video, an energetic reading that was recorded on the fly on tour in Europe and turned out to be the breakthrough recording for the band, added post-facto to the band's then-current album, It's a Shame About Ray (1992).