Ludwig van Beethoven

Symphony No. 3 in E flat major ("Eroica"), Op. 55

    Description by Roger Dettmer

    Beethoven completed this work in 1804; it was introduced privately in Vienna, chez Prince Lobkowitz, to whom it is dedicated. Beethoven also conducted the public premiere on April 7, 1805, in the Theater-an-der-Wien. Despite everything written to the contrary, the Sinfonia eroica was never a "portrait" of Napoleon Bonaparte, although Beethoven did plan to dedicate it to the charismatic Corsican "First Consul of France." He went into a rage, however, when a pupil, Ferdinand Ries, brought news in May 1804 that Napoleon had crowned himself Emperor. According to Ries, Beethoven shouted that the General was only "an ordinary human being, [and] went to the table, took hold of the title page, tore it in two, and threw it on the floor."

    A different story posits that Beethoven erased the Napoleonic dedication from a copy made in August 1804 and entitled Sinfonia grande. In fact, Sinfonia eroica did not appear as the work's title until publication in 1806.

    What Beethoven never told Ries was that Prince Lobkowitz, before May 1804, had proffered a handsome fee in exchange for the dedication, which Napoleon's subsequent arrogance made possible. Or that Beethoven realized the advantage in bringing with him a Sinfonia Bonaparte when a Parisian trip was proposed later on (but never materialized). It was conductor Arturo Toscanini who put everything into perspective 50-odd years ago: "Some say Napoleon, some say Hitler, some say Mussolini; for me it is Allegro con brio."

    The sheer length of the Eroica's first movement was revolutionary -- an opening movement of 691 measures, plus an exposition repeat of 151 measures. No less revolutionary was Beethoven's jarring C sharp at the end of a main theme in E flat major -- indeed it is an E flat arpeggio. Not until the recapitulation does that C sharp become D flat enharmonically. It is in this movement that the long-range harmonic connections explored over the course of the Romantic era have their real start; the movement is heroic mainly in the vastness of its reach.

    A "Funeral March" slow movement was hardly revolutionary, but the span of his C minor slow movement, in rondo form, was unprecedented, and so was its range of emotions from outright grief to C major solace. Although "hunt" music in the third-movement Trio may have startled the Eroica's first audience after funerary tragedy on an unprecedented scale, hunting music in Beethoven's time was even more modish than funeral marches. However, he used it for more than mere surprise in the midst of an onrushing and sometimes raucous scherzo (thereby banishing minuets and Ländlers until the symphonies of Bruckner and Mahler). Psychologically he needed sunshine after so much weighty, solemn music.

    He was also setting up a racy finale -- a set of variations including a fugue that detractors ever since have called a falling-off of inspiration. This kind of argument ignores, however, not only what preceded the Eroica historically -- Bach's Goldberg Variations for example -- but also Beethoven's own ennoblement of the form. He had already used the legato second theme of his Eroica finale in The Creatures of Prometheus (ballet music of 1800), in an 1802 Contredanse, and as the subject of 15 keyboard variations that same year (Op. 35), subtitled Eroica once the symphony had been published. A never-ending wonder is the viability of this subject after so much use. Beethoven's range of invention in the symphonic finale of 1804 -- from hymnody to humor, from fugue to dance, culminating in a Presto coda -- successfully freed the listener from the gripping, even shocking drama that has stalked his first and second movements.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro con brio
    2. Marcia funebre. Adagio assai
    3. Scherzo. Allegro vivace
    4. Finale. Allegro molto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Edition Taschenphilharmonie ETP 010
    2018 Alpha 380
    2018 Helicon Records HEL 029678
    2018 Reference Recordings FR 728
    2018 Warner Classics 566897
    2018 Harmonia Mundi HMX 290890419
    2018 Warner Classics
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798418
    2018 Audite AUD 91441
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295886691
    2017 Alto 1353
    2017 Berlin Classics 0300926 BC
    2017 Tafelmusik Media TMK 1034CD
    2017 Solo Musica WS 013
    2017 Solo Musica ETP 006
    2017 Decca / London
    2017 LPO LPO 0096
    2017 Rubicon / Rubicon Classics RCD 1020
    2017 Sony Classical 88985408842
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295824600
    2017 Accentus ACC 80322
    2017 Nimbus Records NI 1713
    2017 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 17004
    2017 Dynamic DYNCDS 7771
    2017 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 16022
    2017 Audite 23441
    2017 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798196
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 Orfeo C 901162B
    2016 Alia Vox AVSA 9916
    2016 Opus KURA OPK 2115
    2016 MDG MDG 9371966
    2016 Warner Classics 0190295975098
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795977
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88875169792
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796314
    2016 Berliner Philharmoniker BPHR 160091
    2016 Tacet TACET 974
    2016 Alpha 474
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795553
    2015 Metier MSVCD 2008
    2015 Analekta AN 291505
    2015 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 14026
    2015 Dreyer-Gaido DGCD 21088
    2015 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88875112822
    2015 BR Klassik 900134
    2015 Sony Classical 88875123912
    2015 Orchid Classics ORC 100045
    2015 Fryderyk Chopin Institute FCS 39
    2015 Andromeda ANDRCD 9079
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099999356521
    2014 Warner Classics 2564627829
    2014 Centaur Records CRC 3331
    2014 Melodiya MELCD 1002228
    2014 Tafelmusik Media TMK 1023CD2
    2014 Decca / Eloquence
    2014 Warner Classics 545117
    2014 Warner Classics 2564633735
    2014 United Classics T 2CD2013027
    2014 Philips / Universal 4758147
    2014 Urania WS 121178
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Sony Classical 88843014642
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 ICA Classics ICAB 5132
    2014 Andromeda ANDRCD 5061
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94630
    2013 Crystal Classics DELTA 80006
    2013 Teldec 175708
    2013 Elatus 60034
    2013 BR Klassik 900119
    2013 Tahra TAH 763
    2013 Oehms Classics OC 090
    2013 Naxos 8501204
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon 4791046
    2012 Decca / Universal
    2012 Decca 4783511
    2012 Brilliant Classics 94289
    2012 Haenssler / Hänssler Classic HAEN 93285
    2012 Challenge Classics / North Star Records CC 72550
    2012 Warner Classics
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 4783616
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 EMI Classics
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099963655
    2012 Decca 4783494
    2012 Tafelmusik Media TMK 1019CD
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 4790250
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 Helicon Classics / Helicon Records HEL 029653
    2012 ICA Classics ICAC 5087
    2012 Teldec Classics International / Warner Classics / Warner Classics International 61890
    2012 Glossa GCDSA 921116
    2012 Krescendo Records / Zebralution
    2012 Naxos 8501060
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2012 Tahra FURT 2011
    2012 Roslin Records Rod 3710
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2012 Andromeda ANDRCD 9093
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 4779830
    2011 Musical Concepts MC199
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94052
    2011 Warner Classics
    2011 Naïve V 5258
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099909794
    2011 Challenge Classics CC 72532
    2011 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2011 Sony Classical 88697857372
    2011 Sony Classical 88697927172
    2011 Supraphon SU40512
    2011 Music & Arts CD1252
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon UCGG 9012
    2011 Decca
    2011 Warner Classics 63779
    2011 Warner Classics International
    2011 Nimbus Alliance NI 6144
    2011 Newton Classics 8802077
    2011 Pentatone / PentaTone Classics PTC 5186312
    2011 Decca
    2011 Decca 4782721
    2011 Erato 2564698905
    2011 IDIS 6610
    2011 Membran 233373
    2011 Audite 21408
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 AAO Music
    2010 Da Capo Austria / Zebralution
    2010 AAO Music
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Digital
    2010 Royal Philharmonic Masterworks / RPO 28160
    2010 Urania 22402
    2010 San Francisco Symphony 8219360031
    2010 RCA Red Seal 88697711442
    2010 Archiv Produktion 477 864-3
    2010 Archiv Produktion / Deutsche Grammophon 4778643
    2010 Decca
    2010 Sony Classical 8869768365
    2010 Sonoma Entertainment SBT 20107
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 2894778840
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 DA Records / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records 00795041941428
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
    2009 Audite 23414
    2009 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca 4263332
    2009 Decca / Universal Classics & Jazz / Universal Music
    2009 Signum UK 169
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Medici Arts 37
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 BIS 1825/26
    2009 Tahra 673674
    2009 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 9068
    2009 Audite 21403
    2008 RCO Live 08005
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4777578
    2008 Berlin Classics 0184442
    2008 Landscape Classics
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4777157
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921763
    2008 PentaTone Classics 5186313
    2008 Berlin Classics 0115022
    2008 Audite 23404
    2008 Sony Music Distribution 719252
    2008 Col Legno Classics 60003
    2008 ZYX Music 10321
    2008 Zig Zag Territoires 80402
    2008 Berlin Classics / Corona Classic Collection 00762CCC
    2008 Harmonia Mundi 807470
    2008 BBC Legends 42392
    2008 EMI Classics
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951586
    2008 Col Legno 60006
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4630882
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4775864
    2008 Document / Membran 231884
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80730
    2008 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2008 Corona Records 0002672CCC
    2008 Neos Classics 30802
    2008 Orfeo 774083
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951203
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 004400734325
    2007 Disques XXI 1489
    2007 Hungaroton 41007
    2007 Music & Arts 1203
    2007 Brilliant Classics 93525
    2007 Cascade Records 2200
    2007 MDG 6431454
    2007 EMI Classics 367530
    2007 Farao / Farao Classics 108026
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon
    2007 Berlin Classics 0013922
    2007 Ambroisie 9993
    2007 Berlin Classics 0185902
    2007 Rhino
    2007 RCA 8869713066
    2007 Oehms Classics 621
    2007 Melodiya MELCD 1001106
    2007 Opus KURA 7026
    2007 Virgin 365465
    2007 Sony Music Distribution 5185082
    2007 EMI Classics 87739
    2007 EMI Classics 3777672
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 000966502
    2007 Decca 4759090
    2007 Testament 1403
    2007 Orfeo 704077
    2007 Music & Arts 1201
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 001050702
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon
    2007 Hyperion 44301
    2007 Brilliant 93178
    2007 Music & Arts CD753
    2006 Simax 1281
    2006 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 41424
    2006 Weitblick 51
    2006 Document 224051
    2006 LSO Live 598
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946371462
    2006 EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    2006 Rca Red Seal 88697006552
    2006 Warner Music 63779
    2006 Sony Classical Essential Classics 82876886872
    2006 Archipel 0138
    2006 LSO Live 580
    2006 LSO Live 80
    2006 Music & Arts CD1185
    2006 Erato
    2006 BIS 1516
    2006 Madacy 52319
    2006 Doremi Records 7751
    2006 Andromeda 5017
    2006 Weitblick 54
    2005 Oehms 522
    2005 Brilliant 92766
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 Artemis Records 1191
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Berlin Classics 0012512
    2005 Arte Nova 592140
    2005 Living Era 8551
    2005 Pentatone Classics 5186144
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics 5866142
    2005 Archipel 0259
    2005 Silverline Records 284220
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Supraphon 38032
    2005 Philips 4756883
    2005 Teldec / Warner Classics / Warner Music 4618902
    2005 Document 221790
    2005 Andante AN 2130
    2005 Neos Productions 90658
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4775838
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4770002
    2004 Arts Music 47700
    2004 Brilliant 99793
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 474602
    2004 Philips 000251636
    2004 EMI Classics 85821
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 000217402
    2004 Archipel / Archipel Records 0212
    2004 Rca Red Seal 60858
    2004 Music & Arts CD1134
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 000218502
    2004 PentaTone Classics 5186159
    2004 Naxos 8508007
    2004 Brilliant 92387
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 575751
    2004 Resonance 504
    2004 Philips 4752722
    2004 Sony Music Distribution 92480
    2004 Laserlight 40027
    2004 Apex 60457
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 62875
    2004 Document 221543
    2004 Arbiter ARBITER140
    2004 Living Stage 1023
    2004 United Audio Entertai 6290
    2004 Sony Music Distribution 89887
    2004 Intersound 5854
    2004 Onyx Classix 6600
    2004 Orfeo 409048
    2003 Capriccio Records 50000
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 57445
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 57564
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 1463
    2003 Madacy 2983
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 Classic Collection 99867
    2003 Apex 4604522
    2003 Music & Arts 1117
    2003 Teldec 092749768
    2003 Haenssler 93089
    2003 RCA 89109
    2003 Naxos 8110956
    2003 Opus KURA 2039
    2003 Haenssler 93085
    2003 Warner Classics
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80090
    2003 Aura Classics 0262
    2003 Naxos 8557238
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 474018
    2003 RCA 55702
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87328
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000165536
    2003 Delta Distribution 40031
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 75950
    2003 Tahra 490-491
    2003 Document 205229
    2003 Artemis Classics 1191
    2003 BBC Music 4112
    2003 History 45515
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 4744002
    2002 Brilliant 99927
    2002 JVC Compact Discs 19
    2002 Testament 1283
    2002 Aura Records AUR256
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 471488
    2002 Opus KURA 2015
    2002 Classica d'Oro 1063
    2002 Sony Music Distribution 87885
    2002 Legacy 89832
    2002 Teldec 8573830602
    2002 Vox 7816
    2002 EMI Classics 5677402
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 67741
    2002 Classica d'Oro 1055
    2002 Testament 1270
    2002 D Classics 70616
    2002 IDIS 6361
    2002 Music & Arts CD1112
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 75109
    2002 Orfeo 587022
    2002 Andante AN 2966
    2001 RCA 66656
    2001 Classica d'Oro 1016
    2001 Naïve 9959
    2001 Decca
    2001 Philips Classics 4681052
    2001 Classica d'Oro 1020
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 67490
    2001 Erato / Virgin 7243561943
    2001 RCA 89106
    2001 Decca 467679
    2001 HDC 1
    2001 Vox 7807
    2001 Orfeo 538011
    2001 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243567496
    2001 Disky 70708
    2001 Tahra 1054-1057
    2001 Music & Arts 1065
    2001 History 203133
    2001 Music & Arts CD1072
    2001 Sony Classical 89750
    2001 History 204573
    2001 History 205241
    2001 Tahra 391-393
    2000 Tahra 232-235
    2000 Tahra 129/130/131
    2000 Teldec 28144
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon 469000
    2000 Decca
    2000 Urania 102
    2000 Basic 052
    2000 Amadis 18501
    2000 Naxos 110910
    2000 Decca 467125
    2000 Teldec 83060
    2000 Sony Music Distribution SS89341
    2000 Tring 026
    2000 Teldec 27838
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 73895
    2000 Onyx Classix 1917
    2000 RIAS Berlin 1008-1009
    2000 Dacapo 224158-59
    2000 Disky 70527
    2000 Pearl 0074
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon 469109
    2000 Q Disc 97015
    1999 Lifestyles 1751
    1999 RTVE Musica 65097
    1999 Arte Nova 65410
    1999 Urania 124
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 447903
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 573323-2
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 72846
    1999 RCA 55835
    1999 Grammofono 2000 78897
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 67098
    1999 Golden Melodram 40040
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 56839
    1999 Magic Master 37087
    1999 Seraphim Classics 7243573424
    1999 Sony Classical 60692
    1999 Pearl 9282
    1999 Music & Arts 969
    1999 Magic Master 37059
    1999 Brilliant 99093
    1999 Intersound 3858
    1999 Vanguard 9010
    1999 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 223
    1999 Preiser Records 90113
    1999 Music & Arts 4049
    1999 Biddulph Recordings 020
    1999 SPJ Music 18032
    1999 Disky 705962
    1999 Grammofono 2000 78032
    1999 Grammofono 2000 78951
    1998 Intersound 1736
    1998 Tahra 294
    1998 Angel Records 72923
    1998 Nimbus NI1760
    1998 Teldec 3984213352
    1998 Arte Nova 59214
    1998 Arkadia 78542
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 459024
    1998 Grammofono 2000 78784
    1998 Angel Records 66793
    1998 SPJ Music 90029
    1998 Dutton Laboratories 1008
    1998 Intersound 2816
    1998 Lys 197
    1998 Grammofono 2000 78838
    1998 Grammofono 2000 78826
    1998 Disky 703732
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 459 068-2GCC10
    1998 Tahra 311/312
    1998 Summit Records 228
    1998 Tahra 1034/39
    1998 Music & Arts CD1018
    1997 Point 265094
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453 804-2GCB6
    1997 Fontalis 8557
    1997 Virgin 61374
    1997 Analekta 23105
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453701
    1997 L'Oiseau-Lyre 452551
    1997 L'Oiseau-Lyre
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453700
    1997 Grammofono 2000 78026
    1997 Biddulph Recordings WHL029/30
    1997 BMG 68443
    1997 Point Classics 2688412
    1997 Eclipse Records 2688412
    1997 The Radio Years 90
    1996 Harmonia Mundi 2905225.30
    1996 Grammofono 2000 78012
    1996 Arts Music 47370
    1996 Philips 454032
    1996 Arts Music 47246
    1996 Berlin Classics 0021952
    1996 Chandos 7042
    1996 Grammofono 2000 78894
    1996 Naxos 8 553475
    1996 Arte Nova 74321 27765-2
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 447444
    1996 Music & Arts CD-942
    1996 Intersound 2508
    1996 Naxos 504012
    1996 Sony Classical SK/ST-62616
    1995 Capriccio Records 10910
    1995 Carlton Classics 6800025
    1995 Orfeo 233901
    1995 ZYX Music CLS4007
    1995 RPO 26
    1995 Harmonia Mundi 2901192.98
    1995 Art of Classics 885910
    1995 EMI Music Distribution 54501
    1995 Laserlight 14256
    1995 Laserlight 15947
    1995 Madacy 3635
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 64461
    1995 Vanguard 11/13
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 437368
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Classics & Jazz
    1995 Archiphon 28
    1995 Koch Schwann 315092
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 58974
    1995 Classical Creations 820573
    1995 Lydian 18056
    1995 Elysium 702
    1995 Preiser Records 90976
    1995 Naxos 553223
    1995 Seraphim UK 568518
    1995 Intersound 3808
    1995 Archiv Produktion 445944
    1995 Berlin Classics 0021942
    1995 Infinity Digital 61993
    1995 Madacy 1000
    1995 Music & Arts 869
    1995 Preiser Records 90251
    1994 Archiv Produktion 439 900-2AH5
    1994 Madacy 1009
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon 439862
    1994 London 440627
    1994 Naxos 505001
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 68057
    1994 Naxos 550407
    1994 MusicMasters 67121
    1994 Infinity Digital 57219
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 55186
    1994 Philips 442156
    1994 Berlin Classics 0020052
    1994 Bescol 9
    1994 Philips 442 073-2PB5
    1994 Preiser Records 90201
    1994 Madacy 5602
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439200
    1993 Music & Arts CD1010
    1993 RCA 61399
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439002
    1993 Teldec 76444
    1993 Music & Arts 780
    1993 Classical Heritage 1201
    1992 Sony Classical Essential Classics 47514
    1992 Chesky Records 74
    1992 Erato 45759
    1992 Nonesuch 75708
    1992 Nimbus 5144
    1992 EMI Classics CDC 7491012
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48396
    1992 London
    1992 Erato 45763
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 63855
    1991 RCA 60252
    1991 Teldec 46452
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46328
    1991 RCA 60271
    1991 EMI Classics 63606
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 48099
    1990 RCA 60324
    1990 Laserlight 15900
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 4290892
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 423481
    1990 Laserlight 15902
    1990 CBS Records 42599
    1990 London 430087
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 431024
    1990 Decca
    1990 Decca 430400
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429036
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 427306
    1989 EMI Classics 63033
    1989 RCA Victor Red Seal 60090
    1989 EMI Music Distribution 763310/5
    1989 Telarc Distribution 80200
    1987 Deutsche Grammophon 4190492
    1980 Tahra 1030
    1980 Tahra 1031
    1980 Tahra 1027
    1980 Tahra 129
    1980 Tahra 1008
    1980 Supraphon 283286
    1980 Tahra 217
    History 204556
    Grammofono 2000 78637
    Tahra 232/5
    Deutsche Grammophon 437000
    Relief 1891
    Capriccio Records 10913
    Urania
    Compose Records 9140
    Sony Music Distribution 68447
    EMI Music Distribution 494872
    EMI Music Distribution 749852
    Classical Diamonds 4013
    EMI Music Distribution 49852
    Excelsior Recordings 321351
    Cascade Records 2203
    Amado Classics 03003
    Excelsior Recordings 31001
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco 320
    Onyx Classix 66512
    Monolit 715391752
    London 421024
    Myto Records 00202
    Philharmonia of the Nations 06
    Bayer Records 200002
    Arkadia 591
    Capriccio Records 10002
    Arkadia 363
    EMI Music Distribution 63356
    Deutsche Grammophon 437001
    Deutsche Grammophon 463643
    Brilliant 92766/1
    Everest 9103
    Ambroisie 121
    CBS Masterworks 45532
    Seraphim UK 69718
    Menuet 160017
    BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 224
    Disky 705232
    Classic Art
    Brilliant 93525/1
    D Classics 706172
    Brilliant 99793/1
    Brilliant 92387/1
    Brilliant 93178/6
    Brilliant Classics 8635/45
    Classic Art 161
    Laserlight 14821
    Capriccio Records 10451
    RCA 7197
    D Classics 703742
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 9060
    Laserlight 35604
    Capriccio Records 10451-55
    Berlin Classics 0011212
    Bescol 518
    Sirio 53001
    Naxos 8 550178
    Arch Media 1001
    CBS Masterworks 45532-3
    Grammofono 2000 78901
    Sony Music Distribution 46328
    RCA 60269
    Monopoly 2049
    Theorema 121143
    Smithsonian Records 320ND
    Arkadia 755
    Nimbus 7018
    Deutsche Grammophon 471241
    Lys 173
    Iron Needle 1404
    Theorema 121211-2
    Cedar & Weiss 78897
    Grammofono 2000 78505
    Enterprise 53001
    Pilz 1904
    Pro-Arte Records 3010
    Decca 467892
    Document 919/20
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 417235
    RCA 7878
    RCA 60093
    Philips 410044
    Cedar & Weiss 5300
    Berlin Classics 0090392
    ASV 6068
    Seven Seas 2054
    EMI Music Distribution 47410
    Denon Records 377011
    Collins Records 1070
    Digital Masterworks 71806
    RCA Victor Red Seal 60093
    Philips 426066
    Philips 416201
    EMI Music Distribution 569783
    CBS Records 45651
    Quintessence 2053
    CBS Records 42010
    IMP Classics 900
    Deutsche Grammophon 431024
    Russian Compact Disc (RCD) 25001
    Grammofono 2000 78538
    Memories 4545
    BBC Music Magazine 1
    EMI Music Distribution 62623
    BBC Music Magazine 31D
    Teldec
    Pilz 251
    Stradivari 6023
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco 324
    Philips 434120
    Vox 5137
    Denon Records 8014
    Arkadia 214
    Nimbus 5122
    Pickwick 11022
    Andromeda 2501
    FED 001
    Supraphon 111111
    RCA 60962
    RCA 60786
    Metromusica 2697182
    Donau 8056
    As Disc 2900
    Lodia Compact Discs 774
    Claremont Recordings 785055
    RCA Victor Red Seal 60755
    Excelsior Recordings 4281
    Supraphon 110678
    Music & Arts 814
    RCA 61713
    RCA 902661713
    Brilliant 99096
    Madacy 52320
    BS 9
    Nuova Era 2243/48
    Musical Heritage Society 532409
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    Centurion Classics 10005
    Historical Performers 2
    Music & Arts 520
    Music & Arts 711
    Originals 830
    Foyer Records 2038
    Iron Needle 1322
    Enterprise 903
    Document 205231
    Decca 97015
    History 203134
    Document 221545303
    Originals 819
    Sirio 530031
    Testament 2242
    Grammofono 2000 78686-7
    Arkadia 919
    History 205640
    ABC Classics 4802842
    ABC Classics 4802832
    Enterprise 4144
    Stradivari 6101
    Analekta 8201
    Vox 401
    Grammofono 2000 78670
    Music & Arts 684
    Grammofono 2000 78007.11
    History 204574
    Iron Needle 1410
    History 205243
    London 433330
    London 433331
    Enterprise 919
    Iron Needle 1325