Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Symphony No. 29 in A major, K. 201 (K. 186a)

    Description by Brian Robins

    After the burst of symphonic writing during 1772 and 1773, each of which produced seven new symphonies, Mozart's activity in the field diminished. Over the next two years only three new works appeared, of which K. 201 is the most remarkable. It is dated April 6, 1774 -- a period of Mozart's life singularly lacking in documentary detail. Until December, when he went to Munich to supervise the forthcoming premiere of his opera buffa La finta giardiniera, the entire year was spent in Salzburg; there are thus no family letters from this period. Mozart was now finally salaried as joint concertmaster (with Michael Haydn, brother of the more famous Joseph) at the Salzburg court, for which he composed a number of sacred works in addition to two large-scale occasional serenades (one of which, K. 204 in D, was later reduced to four movements to serve as a symphony). Notwithstanding its major key, Symphony No. 29 has many of the same serious and intense qualities as its immediate chronological predecessor, the Symphony No. 25 in G minor, K. 183, composed the previous fall.

    The opening Allegro is unusual among Mozart's symphonies for its inclusion of a quiet introduction; the forward drive of the main part of the movement is maintained by repeated note and tremolando figurations. Both the Andante and the Minuet which succeed it are characterized by the use of dotted-rhythms which give the muted strings of the former a mood of dignified eloquence, and the Minuet rare energy. The final Allegro con spirito includes hunting-horn calls. Mozart's biographer Alfred Einstein described this finale as "the richest and most dramatic Mozart had written up to this time." One might indeed go further and suggest that K. 201 is overall the finest symphony Mozart had yet composed. He obviously thought sufficiently highly of the work to continue using it in Vienna; it was one of four symphonies he requested his father Leopold to send to him after settling in the city (letter of January 4, 1783).

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro moderato
    2. Andante
    3. Menuetto & Trio
    4. Allegro con spirito

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2019 Genuin GEN 19636
    2019 MDG MDG 9122108
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798418
    2017 ICA Classics ICAC 5145
    2016 Decca
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795553
    2015 K-Tel 136146
    2015 Altus ALT 308
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 ICA Classics 5120
    2014 K&K Verlagsanstalt KuK 114
    2014 Orfeo C 891141B
    2014 Warner Classics 545072
    2014 Sony Classical 88843045052
    2013 Entertainment Group 14176
    2013 Dacapo 8201201
    2013 Naxos 8501109
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon 4791046
    2012 Entertainment Group 13004
    2012 Naxos 8501060
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2011 Brilliant Classics 9010
    2011 Berlin Classics 0300203BC
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94295
    2011 Decca
    2011 Audite 21408
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 Document / Membran 223548321
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88697685822
    2010 Philips 4127362
    2010 Decca
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Erato
    2010 Virgin Classics 6285892
    2010 Linn Records 350
    2010 Dacapo 6220543
    2010 Decca
    2010 Sony Classical 8869776152
    2009 Medici Arts 37
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Landscape Classics / Zebralution
    2009 Virgin Classics 34868
    2009 Erato
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Audite 95596
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 SOMM 23
    2008 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 Haenssler 93230
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4777925
    2008 ZYX Music 10319
    2008 Archiv Produktion 001142602
    2008 Decca
    2008 Archipel 0398
    2008 EMI Classics 3458102
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93669
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80729
    2008 Orfeo 774083
    2008 Challenge Classics 72193
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951203
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Decca 4758473
    2007 Kultur 4133
    2007 Oehms Classics 581
    2007 Haenssler 93212
    2007 Apex
    2007 Decca
    2007 Decca 4759120
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 000958402
    2007 Golden Melodram 40082
    2007 Retrospective 93407
    2006 Edel Classics 2612
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894776134
    2006 Philips 4647702
    2006 Warner Music 62334
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946350917
    2006 EMI Classics
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 45815
    2006 Brilliant 99715
    2006 Brilliant 92863
    2006 Philips
    2006 Canal Grande 6001
    2005 Amabile 14
    2005 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT051001
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Decca
    2005 Berlin Classics 0094732
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics 76890
    2005 Brilliant 92110
    2005 Brilliant 92543
    2005 Erato
    2005 Berlin Classics 0183972BC
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Novalis 150709
    2004 Arts Music 43032
    2004 Sony Classical 92762
    2004 Resonance 501
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 Golden Classics / Madacy 4816
    2004 Naxos 8501107
    2004 Testament 1336
    2003 Orfeo 607031
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 85589
    2003 Classical Express 3951022
    2003 Testament 1318
    2003 PentaTone Classics 5186002
    2003 Virgin 562212
    2003 Virgin Classics
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87989
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000048602
    2003 Testament 1217
    2003 History 45515
    2003 Capriccio Records 71003
    2003 Testament 1306
    2003 CBC Records 5230
    2002 Archiv Produktion 471666
    2002 Pearl 0168
    2002 Capriccio Records 67014
    2002 dB Productions 82
    2001 Music & Arts CD1088
    2001 Archipel 17
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 67331
    2001 Forlane 12
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 66098
    2000 Tahra 106-107
    2000 Arcobaleno 9421
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 1951022
    2000 Haenssler 98335
    2000 Urania 153
    2000 Naxos 8550119
    1999 Philips 422500
    1999 Pearl 9185
    1999 Past Perfect / Trumpets of Jericho 203300
    1999 Masterpiece 90036
    1999 BBC Music 4027
    1999 Angel Records 73631
    1998 New York Philharmonic 9701
    1997 Orfeo D'Or 461971
    1997 Otello 1003
    1997 Troppe Note 1402
    1997 Philips 454085
    1997 Michele Audio 1006
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 449552
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 62827
    1997 Channel Classics 1190
    1997 Dutton Vocalion 5008
    1997 Testament 1093
    1997 Koch Discover International 920301
    1997 452496
    1996 Camerata Records 32CM284
    1996 Teldec 4509-99872-2
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 4532312
    1996 CRD Records 3340
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 66248
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 66569
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 64473
    1995 Philips 446225
    1995 Decca / Universal Music / Universal Music Classics and Jazz
    1995 London 444323
    1995 Madacy 5601
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 68217
    1994 Capriccio Records 10619
    1994 DM Records 21005
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon 4373862
    1994 Madacy 5401
    1994 Madacy 29103
    1994 Naxos 8003
    1993 Naxos 505004
    1993 ASV 717
    1993 Teldec 450991187
    1993 Naxos 550119
    1993 Harmonia Mundi 3903013
    1992 Vox 5072
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48063
    1992 Delos 1010
    1991 Decca 430268
    1991 Telarc Distribution 80300
    1990 Classica 55011
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429668
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 4292212
    1990 Telarc Distribution 80165
    1990 Erato 45431
    1990 Philips 422 502-2PME6
    1988 Deutsche Grammophon 431268
    1980 Supraphon 283286
    1980 Tahra 106
    History 204563
    Philips 442356
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    RIV 53
    IMP Classics 9
    Testament 1348
    Vivace 314
    Trumpets of Jericho 203306
    Musique d'Or 1042
    Virgin 59692
    Omega Music Poland 1004
    Powder Classics 5063
    Philharmonia of the Nations 03
    Deutsche Grammophon 435008
    Eufoda 1263
    EMI Music Distribution 67301
    EMI Music Distribution 63856
    PopeMusic 2008
    Brilliant 92543/7
    Brilliant 92388/2
    Archiv Produktion 431679
    ASV 6009
    ASV 510
    Denon Records 9202
    Iron Needle 1400
    Deutsche Grammophon 4233742
    IMP Classics 922
    RCM 19603
    Brilliant 92625
    Brilliant 99715/2
    Brilliant Classics 8635/7
    Brilliant 92625/7
    Brilliant 92110/7
    Brilliant Classics 93669/2
    L'oiseau-Lyre 414631
    Forlane 16581
    Lys 142
    Digital Masterworks 71833
    As Disc 537
    Multisonic 310077
    EXT 3007
    EXL 4218
    Novalis 150055
    RCA 60715
    Philips 420486
    Philips Classics 412994
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 417841
    Berlin Classics 609148
    Testament 2242
    Hunt Productions 572
    Madacy 4501
    New York Philharmonic 9710/11
    Stradivari 6100
    Retrospective 93407/8
    Grammofono 2000 78544
    Amado Classics 01040
    Deutsche Grammophon 419189