Richard Strauss

Ständchen ("Mach' auf, mach' auf, doch leise, mein Kind"), song for voice & piano, Op. 17/2 (TrV 149/2)

    Description by Jennifer Hambrick

    Strauss composed his Sechs Lieder, Op. 17 to poems of Adolf Friedrich von Schack in 1885 - 1887, around the time he was serving as the court music director in Meiningen (1885 - 1886) and moving from Meiningen to Munich, where he lived from 1886 to 1889, working as the Court Opera's third conductor. Between the Opus 10 and Opus 17 songs, Strauss had composed such works as his Second Symphony (1884) and his "symphonic fantasy" Aus Italien (1886), as well as another collection of songs to texts of Michelangelo and Schack, the Fünf Lieder, Op. 15 (1884 - 1886). Although Ständchen proved to be one of Strauss' most popular songs, the composer always claimed it embarrassed him, a perplexing notion given that the song displays Strauss' compositional virtuosity in all its brilliance and his flirtatious sense of play at its peak.

    Strauss' musical setting brings to life the excitement of the clandestine tryst in Adolf Friedrich von Schack's poem. The piano accompaniment bristles expectantly with constant sixteenth-note arpeggios, slowing into brief chordal cadences only at the ends of the first two text strophes. The soprano melody begins with repeated octave leaps -- a reveille from the lover to his beloved -- and unfolds in a sprightly combination of leaps and scalar waves, short and long note values. Even the song's F sharp major tonality, the key of magic and dreaminess in Strauss' system of tonal symbolism, conspires to convey in the first two strophes of the text the nervous anticipation of the assignation. A downward shift from brilliant F sharp major to the flat VI key (D major) at the beginning of the third strophe is a clever representation of the text "Sitz' nieder, hier dämmerts geheimnissvoll unter den Lindenbäumen" ("Sit down! The darkness is mysterious here / Under the lime trees"), the flat VI key being a quintessentially Romantic musical symbol for the mysterious and magical. Strophe three, different from the preceding two strophes in key, melody, harmonic progression, and fidelity to the prosody of the text, thus rubs against the strophic construction of the poem itself. The piano postlude concludes the song with an arpeggiated dominant-tonic cadence in the upper register -- two tosses of glittering magic dust.

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2018
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2018
    MDG
    MDG 9222062
    2018
    Sterling
    CDA 1822
    2017
    Sterling
    CDA 1804
    2017
    TYX Art
    TXA 17089
    2017
    Phaedra / Phaedra Classics
    PH 292035
    2017
    Hänssler Classic
    HC 16048
    2017
    Orchid Classics
    ORC 100072
    2016
    Decca
    4789679
    2016
    Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution
    88875032272
    2016
    Sony Classical
    88985304202
    2016
    Coviello Classics
    COV 91609
    2016
    CPO
    7779762
    2015
    Bridge
    BCD 9451
    2015
    Piano Classics
    PCL 0096
    2015
    Centaur Records
    CRC 3391
    2015
    TYX Art
    TXA 14047
    2015
    Stone Records
    5060192780505
    2014
    Vivian Hsiung
    2014
    Berlin Classics
    0300566 BC
    2014
    Music & Arts
    MACD 1279
    2014
    Decca
    2014
    Decca
    4808169
    2014
    Orfeo
    C 894142I
    2014
    Decca
    2014
    Gramola
    99035
    2013
    Solo Musica
    SM 183
    2013
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099990377
    2013
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099941649
    2012
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
    2012
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4790534
    2012
    Genuin
    GEN 12234
    2012
    Haenssler
    HAEN 93717
    2012
    Capriccio Records
    C 5110
    2012
    Ondine
    ODE 11872
    2012
    Champs Hill Records
    CHRCD 037
    2012
    Andromeda
    5009
    2012
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    12052
    2011
    Front Row Seat
    2011
    Champs Hill Records
    CHRCD018
    2011
    Various Artists
    Virgin Classics / Warner Classics
    5099968040321
    2011
    Erato / Virgin Classics
    5099962866
    2011
    EMI Classics
    5099902923222
    2011
    Various Artists
    Brilliant Classics
    9249
    2011
    Pavane
    ADW 7542
    2011
    Membran
    232763
    2011
    Onyx
    ONYX 4075
    2010
    Centaur Records
    3025
    2010
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099945635229
    2010
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099945609
    2010
    Barbara LeMay
    2010
    Gala Records
    10067
    2010
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2010
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4778101
    2010
    Danacord
    299
    2010
    Documents / Membran
    232597
    2010
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2009
    Deutsche Grammophon
    001340802
    2009
    Denon Records
    2009
    Audite
    23419
    2009
    Various Artists
    Dal Segno
    027
    2009
    Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    001341102
    2008
    Testament
    1427
    2008
    Melba Recordings
    301108
    2008
    Albany Music Distribution
    1039
    2007
    Brana Records
    20
    2007
    Gala Records
    624
    2007
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4776515
    2007
    Preiser Records
    89691
    2007
    Onyx
    ONYX 4022
    2006
    Symposium
    1361
    2006
    Brana Records
    31
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Distribution
    002894775219
    2006
    VAI Audio
    1245
    2006
    Analekta
    29913
    2006
    Melba Recordings
    301081
    2006
    Nightingale / Nightingale Classics
    825416
    2005
    Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Distribution
    000463810
    2005
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4775250
    2005
    VAI Audio
    1247
    2005
    Claudio
    4837-2
    2005
    Philips
    2005
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000513010
    2005
    EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics
    7243586323
    2005
    Andante
    AN 2090
    2004
    Great Opera Performances
    66310
    2004
    Deutsche Grammophon / Polygram
    474843
    2003
    Naxos
    8110739
    2003
    Preiser Records
    90534
    2003
    Gala Records
    723
    2003
    EMI Music Distribution
    85090
    2002
    Decca
    467901
    2002
    Camerata Records
    28CM632
    2002
    Pearl
    0156
    2001
    Arabesque
    6754
    2001
    CBC Records
    1090
    2000
    Delos
    3712
    2000
    Gala Records
    337
    2000
    Gala Records
    337
    2000
    Preiser Records
    89188
    2000
    Nightingale
    72
    1999
    Testament
    1174
    1999
    D Classics
    70480
    1999
    Symposium
    1237
    1999
    Marston
    52017
    1999
    Pearl
    9299
    1999
    Deutsche Grammophon
    447512
    1999
    Naxos
    505028
    1999
    ICA
    699
    1999
    Globe Records
    5193
    1999
    Music & Arts
    702
    1999
    Vocal Archives
    1102
    1998
    Preiser Records
    93256
    1998
    Dutton Vocalion
    7031
    1997
    Preiser Records
    89144
    1997
    Proprius-AudioSource
    9151
    1997
    Romophone
    81026
    1997
    Marston
    52002
    1996
    Angel Records / EMI Classics
    65685
    1996
    EMI Music Distribution
    65902
    1995
    Camerata Records
    30CM369
    1995
    Orfeo
    399951
    1995
    VAI Audio
    1080
    1995
    Preiser Records
    89075
    1995
    Preiser Records
    89203
    1995
    VAI Audio
    1127
    1994
    IRCC
    805
    1994
    Preiser Records
    89997
    1994
    Preiser Records
    89206
    1994
    Preiser Records
    89051
    1994
    RCA
    09026625472
    1994
    Naxos
    550168
    1994
    BIS
    15
    1993
    Bluebell
    42
    1993
    VAI Audio
    1025
    1993
    Bluebell
    36
    1993
    Nimbus
    7840
    1992
    Musica Viva
    1026
    1992
    Delos
    3029
    1988
    Philips
    420852
    1986
    Philips
    416 298-2PH
    Well-Tempered Productions
    5163
    Symposium
    1366
    Deutsche Grammophon
    437784
    Claremont Recordings
    785064
    RCA
    62547
    Pearl
    9379
    IMP Classics
    858
    Denon Records
    1254
    Fonit-Cetra Italia
    100
    Legato Classics
    207
    Verona Records
    27022
    Pro-Arte Records
    231
    Symposium
    SYMCD1308
    Claremont Recordings
    785057
    Pearl
    9410
    Theresa Enright & Nancy Wiebe
    Philips
    000450502
    Preiser Records
    93262
    Capriccio Records
    258
    Harmonia Mundi
    HMC90 1751
    Ornamenti
    115
    Mono Music
    89203
    Katie Kat Opera
    Documents
    223078-303
    Melanie