Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Sonata for violin & piano No. 23 in D major, K. 306 (K. 300l)

    Description by Brian Robins

    Mozart's sonatas for piano and violin largely conform to the genre's contemporary status of works designed for social use. Mozart himself underlined the point when sending home to Salzburg a group of sonatas by the Dresden Kapellmeister Joseph Schuster (1748-1812) he had heard and played in Munich on the first stage of the journey undertaken to Mannheim and Paris during 1777 and 1778. Explaining to his father and sister Nannerl that they were very popular in Munich he concludes: "My main object in sending them to you is that you may amuse yourselves à deux." It is possible that it was the example of Schuster that inspired Mozart to the composition of six sonatas during the remainder of the journey, three and half in Mannheim (K. 301, K. 302, K. 303 and the first movement of K. 304), the remainder in Paris. All the preceding works of the set follow the two movement scheme favored by composers such as J. C. Bach, conforming to the domestic type of sonata with which performers might well amuse themselves à deux, but with the D major Sonata Mozart turned his attention to a different kind of work. Composed in Paris during the summer of 1778, it is a large-scale piece cast in three movements, its grander, more expansive gestures announcing what Alfred Einstein has called "a great concert sonata." The bold opening Allegro con spirito is followed by an Andante cantabile in which the violin's lyrical lines hark back to the violin concertos composed in Salzburg three years earlier, while the final Allegretto looks forward to the operas of the following decade, the fluctuating tempos recalling one of the great scenas and encompassing a written-out cadenza for both instruments. Whether or not Mozart himself used the sonata in concert is not known. It was published in Paris later in 1778 as "opus 1, No's 1-6," the title page bearing a dedication to Maria Elisabeth, Electress of the Palatinate. For this reason they are frequently known as the "Palatine Sonatas."

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro con spirito
    2. Andante cantabile
    3. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Harmonia Mundi HMM 902360
    2017 Centaur Records CRC 3619202122
    2017 Vermeer 4001417
    2017 Hänssler Classic HC 17013
    2017 Hyperion CDA 68143
    2017 CAvi-music AVI 8553372
    2016 Herisson LH 13
    2016 Warner Classics 557828
    2016 Oehms Classics OC 766
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4794708
    2014 Erato 2564624223
    2013 Paladino Music PMR 0040
    2012 Brilliant Classics 8402
    2012 Avi / CAvi-music AVI 8553244
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 002894779464
    2011 Genuin GEN 11200
    2010 Haenssler 98254
    2010 Arcana 406
    2010 Caro Mitis 0042007
    2010 Decca
    2010 Newton Classics 8802022
    2010 Nimbus 2562/65
    2009 Chaconne / Chandos 764
    2009 Doremi Records 7964-69
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2009 Decca
    2008 Canary Classics 1
    2008 Channel Classics 25608
    2008 Avi 855307
    2008 Haenssler 98252
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921741
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Ludi Musici 001
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2006 Warner Classics
    2006 Gramola GRAM 98777/82
    2006 Globe Records 5059
    2006 Accent 20041
    2006 Vanguard 1885
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 477631
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000710202
    2006 Philips
    2006 Andante 2201
    2005 Warner Classics 4623362
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Accent 9292
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Brilliant 99721
    2004 Analekta 29821
    2004 Musicaphon 51750
    2003 Doremi Records 7821-5
    2003 Camerata Records 28008
    2003 Vanguard Classics 1224
    2002 Sony Classical 89936
    2002 Calliope 3664/7
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 74293
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon
    2000 Philips 000575402
    1999 Arcana 906
    1998 Philips 462185
    1996 Astree 8581
    1996 Globe Records 6039
    1995 Live Classics 122
    1995 Naxos 553110
    1994 Vox 5128
    1992 Deutsche Grammophon 431784
    1991 Philips 422515
    Brilliant Classics 8402/1
    Warner Music
    Brilliant 92628
    Brilliant 92628/15
    Deutsche Grammophon 463749
    Fone 98
    BMG 60743
    EMI Music Distribution 575582
    Vanguard 8036
    Meridian Records 84191
    Nuova Era 6836/41
    Verdi Music 6815
    Philips 412141
    Brilliant 99721/8
    Deutsche Grammophon 431277
    SNE 594
    Musical Heritage 5091707