Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Sonata for violin & piano No. 23 in D major, K. 306 (K. 300l)

    Description by Brian Robins

    Mozart's sonatas for piano and violin largely conform to the genre's contemporary status of works designed for social use. Mozart himself underlined the point when sending home to Salzburg a group of sonatas by the Dresden Kapellmeister Joseph Schuster (1748-1812) he had heard and played in Munich on the first stage of the journey undertaken to Mannheim and Paris during 1777 and 1778. Explaining to his father and sister Nannerl that they were very popular in Munich he concludes: "My main object in sending them to you is that you may amuse yourselves à deux." It is possible that it was the example of Schuster that inspired Mozart to the composition of six sonatas during the remainder of the journey, three and half in Mannheim (K. 301, K. 302, K. 303 and the first movement of K. 304), the remainder in Paris. All the preceding works of the set follow the two movement scheme favored by composers such as J. C. Bach, conforming to the domestic type of sonata with which performers might well amuse themselves à deux, but with the D major Sonata Mozart turned his attention to a different kind of work. Composed in Paris during the summer of 1778, it is a large-scale piece cast in three movements, its grander, more expansive gestures announcing what Alfred Einstein has called "a great concert sonata." The bold opening Allegro con spirito is followed by an Andante cantabile in which the violin's lyrical lines hark back to the violin concertos composed in Salzburg three years earlier, while the final Allegretto looks forward to the operas of the following decade, the fluctuating tempos recalling one of the great scenas and encompassing a written-out cadenza for both instruments. Whether or not Mozart himself used the sonata in concert is not known. It was published in Paris later in 1778 as "opus 1, No's 1-6," the title page bearing a dedication to Maria Elisabeth, Electress of the Palatinate. For this reason they are frequently known as the "Palatine Sonatas."

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro con spirito
    2. Andante cantabile
    3. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2022
    Athene
    ATH 23212
    2019
    Mirare
    MIR 420D
    2019
    Raumklang
    RK 3702
    2018
    Accent
    ACC 24351
    2018
    Harmonia Mundi
    HMM 902360DI
    2018
    Harmonia Mundi
    HMM 902360
    2017
    Centaur Records
    CRC 3619202122
    2017
    Vermeer
    4001417
    2017
    Hänssler Classic
    HC 17013
    2017
    Hyperion
    CDA 68143
    2017
    CAvi-music
    AVI 8553372
    2016
    Herisson
    LH 13
    2016
    Warner Classics
    557828
    2016
    Oehms Classics
    OC 766
    2015
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4794708
    2014
    Channel Classics
    CCSBOX 6414
    2014
    Erato
    2564624223
    2013
    Paladino Music
    PMR 0040
    2012
    Brilliant Classics
    8402
    2012
    Avi / CAvi-music
    AVI 8553244
    2011
    Deutsche Grammophon
    002894779464
    2011
    Genuin
    GEN 11200
    2010
    Haenssler
    98254
    2010
    Arcana
    406
    2010
    Caro Mitis
    0042007
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Newton Classics
    8802022
    2010
    Nimbus
    2562/65
    2009
    Chaconne / Chandos
    764
    2009
    Doremi Records
    7964-69
    2009
    Various Artists
    Decca
    2009
    Various Artists
    Decca
    4781149
    2008
    Canary Classics
    1
    2008
    Channel Classics
    25608
    2008
    Avi
    855307
    2008
    Haenssler
    98252
    2008
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099921741
    2008
    Philips
    4646602
    2007
    Ludi Musici
    001
    2007
    EMI Classics
    87894
    2006
    Warner Classics
    2006
    Gramola
    GRAM 98777/82
    2006
    Globe Records
    5059
    2006
    Accent
    20041
    2006
    Vanguard
    1885
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    477631
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000710202
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2006
    Philips
    2006
    Andante
    2201
    2005
    Warner Classics
    4623362
    2005
    EMI Classics
    2005
    Accent
    9292
    2005
    Brilliant
    92540
    2004
    Brilliant
    99721
    2004
    Analekta
    29821
    2004
    Musicaphon
    51750
    2003
    Doremi Records
    7821-5
    2003
    Camerata Records
    28008
    2003
    Vanguard Classics
    1224
    2002
    Sony Classical
    89936
    2002
    Calliope
    3664/7
    2001
    EMI Music Distribution
    74293
    2000
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2000
    Philips
    000575402
    1999
    Arcana
    906
    1998
    Philips
    462185
    1996
    Astree
    8581
    1996
    Globe Records
    6039
    1995
    Live Classics
    122
    1995
    Naxos
    553110
    1994
    Vox
    5128
    1992
    Deutsche Grammophon
    431784
    1991
    Philips
    422515
    Brilliant Classics
    8402/1
    Warner Music
    Brilliant
    92628
    Brilliant
    92628/15
    Deutsche Grammophon
    463749
    Fone
    98
    BMG
    60743
    EMI Music Distribution
    575582
    Vanguard
    8036
    Meridian Records
    84191
    Nuova Era
    6836/41
    Verdi Music
    6815
    Philips
    412141
    Brilliant
    99721/8
    Deutsche Grammophon
    431277
    SNE
    594
    Various Artists
    Musical Heritage
    5091707