Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Quartet for flute, violin, viola & cello No. 1 in D major, K. 285

    Description by Brian Robins

    The combination of wind and string instruments in chamber music is rare among Mozart's works, the composer preferring the greater homogeneity of the string quartet. Four of the five such works he composed in this form are flute quartets, of which the present work is the first. Scored for flute, violin, viola and cello, it was composed in December 1777 during the period Mozart and his mother Maria Anna were in Mannheim, where they stayed some months in the course of the ill-fated trip to Paris during which Mozart's mother died. It is one of a pair commissioned by a wealthy Dutch merchant and amateur flutist Ferdinand Dejean, who had approached Mozart through the Mannheim flautist Johann Baptist Wendling. Dejean's requirement was for three easy, short flute concertos, and two quartets, for which he was prepared to pay 200 gulden. Despite his professed dislike of the flute ("an instrument I can't abide"), Mozart accepted the commission and immediately set to work on the D major, completing it only about a week later on December 25 (the date was inscribed on Mozart's autograph copy, which was lost during World War II). As with his other flute quartets and the Oboe Quartet in F major, K. 370, Mozart constructed the work as if he were writing a string quartet with the wind instrument replacing the first violin. There are three movements, an Allegro followed by the central Adagio, and the concluding Rondo. Dejean's requirements were obviously modest, and Mozart responded by giving him music where the emphasis is on an easygoing and relatively uncomplicated style, the work seeking to entertain rather than attempt profundity.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Adagio
    3. Rondeau. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Passacaille PAS 1050
    2018 Resonus Classics RES 10216
    2018 Passacaille PAS 1042
    2018 ABC Classics
    2018 Accent ACC 24351
    2017 Tudor Records TUD 7501
    2017 PentaTone Classics PTC 5186567
    2017 Chandos CHAN 10932
    2017 Accent ACC 24329
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795982
    2015 Erato 0825646190423
    2015 ABC Classics 4811562
    2015 Delos DE 3478
    2014 Brilliant Classics 94929
    2013 Naxos 8501064
    2013 EMEC (Editorial de Musica Espanola) EMEC 072
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2012 Claves CL 509014
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94097
    2011 Accord
    2011 Island/Def Jam / Universal F480 411-8
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Classics & Jazz / Decca
    2010 Fab Four 232921
    2009 Resort Music / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Early-Music.com EMCCD7754
    2008 Danacord 675/76
    2008 Premiers Horizons 070136
    2008 Avi 553045
    2008 Our Recordings 6220570
    2008 EMI Classics 3361512
    2008 CAvi-music 8553100
    2008 Accent 24203
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Philips 4428289
    2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2007 Tudor Records 776
    2007 Avie 2108
    2006 Melodiya 1001015
    2006 Doremi Records 5706
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 ASV / Sanctuary 4022
    2006 Albany Music Distribution 884
    2006 Resonance 3064
    2006 Philips
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 69702
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Parlophone
    2005 Fuga Libera 506
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Boston Records 1059
    2004 Brilliant 99724
    2004 Artemis Classics ATMCD1271
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2002 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 05472 77846-2
    2002 Cascavelle 3045
    2001 Boston Records 1010
    2001 CBC Records 1143
    2000 Capriccio Records 49514
    2000 MDG MDG311 0966-2
    2000 BIS 1044
    2000 Disques Pierre Verany 730103
    2000 Philips 464 820-2PB8
    2000 ABT Records / Advanced Brain Technologies 0108
    1999 RCA 63432
    1999 Accent 48225
    1999 Chandos 8872
    1999 Aura Classics 0200
    1999 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243556829
    1999 Vanguard 115
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon
    1998 Virgin 61448
    1997 Arte Nova 74321 49686-2
    1997 Point Classics 267026
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 66240
    1996 Calliope Approche 6625
    1996 Chesky Records 128
    1996 ASV 6099
    1996 Boston Skyline 142
    1995 Art of Classics 885915
    1995 Philips 446 233-2PM
    1995 LaserLight 15878
    1995 Tall Poppies 029
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1994 Naxos 550438
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon
    1994 Capriccio Records 10282
    1994 Philips 442 299-2PM2
    1993 Hyperion 44011
    1993 Channel Classics 1290
    1993 RCA 60442
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48200
    1991 Vanguard 4001
    1991 Philips 422510
    1990 Denon Records 6143
    1990 CBS Records 42601
    1987 Hyperion 66392
    1987 CBS Records 42320
    RCA 63435
    Musical Heritage Society 5284240
    RCA Victor 60121
    Cyberchambermusic
    Carriere Classics 18
    Menus and Music 3
    Vivace 319
    Denon Records 7157
    Vox 3003
    Brilliant 92628/6
    Brilliant 92628
    Denon Records 25CO-2328
    Cantilena Records 66007
    Brilliant 92388/35
    RCA 77517
    Brilliant Classics 93669/35
    Brilliant 99724/6
    Amado Classics 01011
    Tudor Records 701
    Collins Records 1356
    Pickwick 1139
    Collins Records 30442
    White Label 128
    Bayer Records 100197
    Stereophile 009
    Golden Tone
    Pilz 446411-2
    Smithsonian Records 031
    Smithsonian Records 31ND