Maurice Ravel

Pavane pour une infante défunte, for piano (or orchestra), M. 19

    Description by Blair Johnston

    Ravel's Pavane pour une infante défunte (Pavane for a Dead Princess), composed in 1899, was the second of the composer's piano works to see publication. Despite Ravel's half-hearted efforts to later disown the piece -- he felt it to be too clearly oriented around the musical language of Chabrier, an early hero of his -- it is not at all difficult to understand why the Pavane instantly and irrevocably caught the attention of European concert-goers and why, along with Boléro (1928), it remains the composer's best-known music. It is a work of great but subtle charm, infused with the lightness of touch that emerged as one of Ravel's compositional hallmarks.

    Ravel complained of the Pavane's "quite poor form." Indeed, the work is perhaps excessively sectional; it basically unfolds in an ABACA scheme, with both the B and C sections containing two parallel but differing statements of the same theme. The key of G major seems an unlikely and unusually bright one for such a sober subject, yet it is just this harmonic context that makes the gently plaintive B and far more exuberant C sections so effective. Here is no adult weeping for a dead child, but in essence a gentle, nostalgic celebration of the sweet innocence of childhood on the tragic occasion of its loss. (The origin of the work's title is unclear; it has been suggested that Ravel simply liked the way it sounded.) The Pavane rides along upon a steady eighth note pulse, in keeping with the pavane's origins as a stately Renaissance dance, and is filled with stylized rhythmic gestures. The final iteration of the opening melody is much fuller than the previous two, and here Ravel allows himself to make a dramatic move from pianissimo to fortissimo over the course of the last few bars.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2019 Chandos CHAN 20119
    2019 Simax Classics PSC 1366
    2019 Avie AV 2409
    2018 Menuetto Classics
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2018 Menuetto Classics
    2018 Deutsche Grammophon
    2018 Deutsche Grammophon 4798756
    2018 ABC Classics
    2018 Willowhayne Records WHR 054
    2018 Menuetto Classics
    2018 Deutsche Grammophon 4835187
    2018 ABC Classics
    2018 Warner Classics
    2018 Supraphon SU 42502
    2018 Analekta AN 288745
    2018 ABC Classics
    2018 Universal Music
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295886691
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon 4797477
    2017 Supraphon SU 42122
    2017 Centaur Records CRC 3581/3582
    2017 Bayard / Bayard Musique GIACD 1018
    2017 Naxos 8573619
    2017 PentaTone Classics PTC 5186652
    2017 Berlin Classics 0300880BC
    2017 Orchid Classics ORC 100061
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295775063
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon
    2017 CD Accord ACD 230
    2017 Sony Classical 88985395212
    2017 Tacet TACET 227
    2017 ABC Classics
    2016 ABC Classics 4814661
    2016 Warner Classics 556099
    2016 Supraphon SU 41992
    2016 Sony Classical 88985357702
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88875169792
    2016 CuGate Classics CGC 004
    2016 Sony Classical 88875177492
    2016 Ontaris
    2016 ABC Classics
    2016 Erato 557140
    2016 Belvedere BCD 08002
    2016 Melodiya MELCD 1002338
    2016 Erato 082564602681
    2016 Urania WS 1212682
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon B002463002
    2016 BIS 9054
    2016 Anima ANM 1411000
    2016 Sony Classical / Sony Music 309294
    2016 Sentient Spirit Records
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796843
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4793590
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 Warner Classics 553009
    2015 Alpha ALPHA 225
    2015 Bayard Musique B 3084652
    2015 My Music 5034774
    2015 Decca 4736797
    2015 Honens 201502CD
    2015 Abbeywood Records 305
    2015 Discovery Music & Vision DMV 111
    2015 Tuxedo Music TUXCD 1006
    2015 Calliope CAL 1521
    2015 Music & Arts MACD 1289
    2015 Peral
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 002894794261
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    2015 BIS BIS 1850
    2015 Capriccio Records C 5260
    2015 Brilliant Classics 94933BR
    2015 ABC Classics ABC 4811776
    2015 Sony Classical 88843014702
    2015 Linn / Linn Records BKD 523
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795229
    2014 100 Hits DMG100 130
    2014 Genuin GEN 14543
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    2013 Entertainment Group 13808
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    2013 Praga PRD 350073
    2013 Decca / Mercury 4785092
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    2013 Lifescapes Music 59803
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    2012 Naxos 8572887
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    2012 Denon Classics UMI_00795041791
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    2012 Quicksilver 6016
    2012 Teldec 2564672094
    2011 J&R Adventures / Savoy
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    2011 Decca
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    2011 X5 Music Group X5CD 109
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    2011 Newton Classics 88020682
    2011 Decca 468 199-2
    2011 Hyperion CDA 67731
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    2011 Decca 9866180
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    2011 Documents / Membran 233082
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    2010 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099962843
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon 001340802
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    2009 Berlin Classics 0149572
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Opening Day Recordings 9360
    2009 Domo 00794017309927
    2009 Royal Philharmonics Masterwork 28050
    2009 Decca
    2009 Decca 4429483
    2009 Sony Music Distribution 8869756166
    2009 Decca 4504463
    2009 Denon Records
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    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099923767
    2009 EMI Classics
    2009 UT3 Records / Zebralution
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Blue Saphir 1010
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 001341102
    2009 Decca
    2009 Opus 3 22080
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca 4781490
    2009 Decca 4781734
    2009 Supraphon 37922
    2009 Universal Music
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921522
    2008 EMI Classics 3385212
    2008 X5 Music Group
    2008 Beat Goes On BGOCD 835
    2008 Sony Classical Essential Classics / Sony Music Distribution 727544
    2008 ABC Classics 4766496
    2008 Solitudes 27436
    2008 Clubstar 136
    2008 Universal Classics 4766459
    2008 Thorofon / Zebralution
    2008 Lim 23
    2008 ABC Classics 4766834
    2008 Sony Classical 88697341452
    2008 Brilliant Classics 8818
    2008 Virgin Classics 562458
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 459203
    2008 Berlin Classics 0014382BC
    2008 Warner Classics & Jazz 2564 695498
    2008 Virgin 5619522
    2008 Sheridan Square Records 7681
    2008 Decca
    2008 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT060901
    2008 Decca 9513
    2008 Brilliant Classics 9020
    2008 Analekta 22010
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4768500
    2008 Linn Records 315
    2008 Decca 4685642
    2008 ABC Classics 4766805
    2008 Oreade Music 62972
    2008 Soundset 1025
    2008 Onyx ONYX 4032
    2008 Universal Distribution 3034/5
    2008 Madacy 52955
    2007 Pulse / Castle Pulse / Sanctuary 557
    2007 Analekta 299705
    2007 Summit Records 483
    2007 Baby Genius / Pacific Music Marketing 140
    2007 MRA 502
    2007 Disky 904761
    2007 Decca
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    2007 Doremi Records 71111
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 429738
    2007 Ivory Classics IC77001
    2007 Philips
    2007 Scandinavian Classics 220530
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 4776679
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    2007 Analekta AN 29786
    2007 Transart Live 143
    2007 Erato 284668
    2007 Syllaria SP 100052
    2007 Berlin Classics 0012692BC
    2007 Regis Records 1206
    2007 Cala Records 4027
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099950089
    2007 Koch Enternational Classics 7726
    2007 Metro Doubles / Union Square Music METRDCD533
    2007 Berlin Classics 0186002
    2007 Vanguard Classics 6706
    2007 Virgin Classics 3566712
    2007 KRB 8190
    2007 BIS 1357
    2007 Berlin Classics 0012792BC
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946370872
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    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 0006650102
    2006 Rhino 77617
    2006 Telarc Distribution CD80678
    2006 Decca 475 7489
    2006 Sony BMG 82876765162
    2006 Delos 3250
    2006 Decca 74831
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    2006 Decca 000767072
    2006 KML Recordings / KML Recordings 1111
    2006 Virgin 31474
    2006 ZBPI 1051536
    2006 Decca 000703002
    2006 Naxos 8570029
    2006 Berlin Classics 0185592
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 459194
    2006 Decca 000624802
    2006 Decca 4768499
    2006 Analekta / Fleurs de Lys 23038
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243476960
    2006 MSR Records 1147
    2006 Camerata Records 20052
    2006 Doremi Records 78649
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000583002
    2006 Naxos 8 552125/6
    2006 Cala Records 511
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946370886
    2005 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946338522
    2005 Universal Music
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    2005 Direct Source 5428
    2005 Direct Source / Direct Source Special 63966
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    2005 Virgin Classics
    2005 Union Square Music 803
    2005 Legacy 40
    2005 Gaiam 140
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 62951
    2005 EMI Classics
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    2005 BCI-Eclipse Distribution 40526
    2005 Decca 000397202
    2005 Preiser Records 90601
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    2005 Platinum Entertainment 3799
    2005 Brilliant 92615
    2005 Zuk Records 070379
    2005 Decca 4762740
    2005 Chandos 24118
    2005 Telarc Distribution 80653
    2005 Universal Distribution UCCD-1147
    2005 Orchard 103486
    2005 Direct Source 31682
    2005 Virgin 562499-2
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 OxRecs 82
    2005 Virgin Classics 562481-2
    2005 Maverick / Warner Bros. 47596
    2005 Direct Source 3965
    2005 Erato / Virgin Classics 7243482000
    2005 Cascavelle 3075
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243586061
    2005 Connoisseur Society 4255
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    2005 Archipel 0248
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    2005 Resonance CDRSB301
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    2005 Urtext 100653
    2005 Yarlung Records 52069
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    2005 Direct Source 3961
    2004 St. Clair 96852
    2004 Gott Discs GOTTCD 009
    2004 EMI Classics 45646
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    2004 Decca 475 6124
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 85990
    2004 St. Clair 9979
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    2004 New World Records 603
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    2004 London/Decca / Decca 2503
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    2004 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 36212
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    2004 Oehms 336
    2004 London/Decca / Decca 2780
    2004 Denon Records 17387
    2004 MDG 6041190
    2004 United Audio Entertainment 6516
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    2004 London/Decca / Decca 000192102
    2004 ASV 258
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    2004 Deutsche Grammophon B000302402
    2003 Intersound 4890
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    2003 Madacy / Madacy Latino 6393
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    2003 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 352
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    2003 Columbia River Entertainment Group 215001
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    2003
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    2000 St. Clair 30572
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    2000 Deutsche Grammophon 469 184-2GP2
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    1997 Epic / Sony Music Distribution 63105
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    1995 Intersound 1215
    1995 Sony Classical 68459
    1995 Conifer 51755
    1995 APR (Appian) 7025
    1995 Troubadour 406
    1995 RCA Victor / RCA 60711
    1995 Gallo 517
    1995 Laserlight 14201
    1995 Seraphim UK 569539
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 400 061-2GH
    1995 Haenssler 98972
    1995 Philips 442542
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 437392
    1995 BIS 666
    1995 Infinity Digital 61991
    1995 Elektra / Teldec 2AQ 98724
    1995 Cala Records 106
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 23247
    1995 Summit Records 129
    1995 Intersound 3816
    1995 CBS Special Products / Sony Music Distribution 21113
    1994 Chandos 9216
    1994 Erato 0200
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 68202
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon 445771
    1994 Chandos 7004
    1994 Delta Distribution / Laserlight 12293
    1994 Infinity Digital 57236
    1994 Sony Music Distribution 53528
    1994 Sony Classical 64067
    1994 Deutsche Grammophon 439342
    1994 Naxos 550254
    1994 Decca / London 440836
    1994 Naxos 550683
    1994 Naxos 550424
    1994 Reference Recordings 3608
    1994 Infinity Digital 57247
    1994 Naxos 550168
    1994 ASV 6096
    1994 Klavier Records 11003
    1994 Madacy 5644
    1994 Biddulph Recordings 024
    1994 ASV 2090
    1994 ASV 6026
    1994 Channel Productions / Channel Productions 3301
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 4580
    1994 Sony Music Distribution 74321201342
    1993 ASV 2063
    1993 Classical Heritage 5844
    1993 Classical Heritage 1210
    1993 D-Blue / D-Blue Records 10001
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439008
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
    1993 IMP Classics 6
    1993 Music & Arts 773
    1993 ASV 621
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 439 152-2GMA
    1993 Telarc Distribution 80352
    1993 RCA 61712
    1993 Philips 438353
    1993 Harmonia Mundi 390064
    1993 Delos 3113
    1993 RCA 61594
    1993 Sugo 9310
    1993 Telarc Distribution CD80361
    1993 BMG 0902661250
    1993