Johann Sebastian Bach

Partita for solo violin No. 3 in E major, BWV 1006

    Description by Blair Johnston

    Although J.S. Bach described his six sonatas and partitas for solo violin as Libro primo (Book 1), he never followed them up with a second volume; so the Partita for solo violin No. 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (Cöthen, 1720), stands as the composer's last utterance in the unlikely medium of the unaccompanied violin. There were some solo violin works that predate Bach's efforts -- Biber's Passacaglia, Westhoff's Six Partitas -- but they cannot compare.

    This Partita is perhaps the most exuberant and cheery of the three in the book; while it is no picnic in the park for the violinist, it offers easier going than the chaconne in the second partita with its strings of double and triple stops. The work consists of dance movements that are mostly French in origin and that diverge from those in the other two : Preludio, Loure, Gavotte en Rondeau, Menuet I and II, Bourrée, and Gigue. The Preludio, which was adapted by Bach for use in two of his cantatas, proceeds almost entirely in brilliant sixteenth notes. A Loure is a slow subspecies of French jig, usually (as is the case here) in 6/4 time; Bach's is perhaps a less heavy dance than the average loure. The Gavotte is, as the name suggests, set up as a kind of rondo, with restatements of the opening material surrounding contrasting episodes; the happy gavotte tune is played five times in all (six if one counts the repeat of the opening eight bars). The two Menuets are traditionally played da capo with the end result: Menuet I -- Menuet II -- Menuet I. The Bourrée is short and rapid. A gigue can be either French in style or Italian; Bach selects the quicker, snappier Italian variety to close the E major Partita.

    Bach at some point transcribed the entirety of this Partita for solo lute; that version is known as BWV 1006a.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Preludio
    2. Loure
    3. Gavotte en rondeau
    4. Menuet 1
    5. Menuet 2
    6. Bourrée
    7. Gigue

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2019
    BIS
    BIS 2197
    2019
    Solo Musica
    SM 298
    2019
    BIS
    BIS 2285
    2019
    Brilliant Classics
    BRI 95757
    2019
    ECM / ECM New Series
    B003131102
    2018
    Various Artists
    ABC Classics
    2018
    Doremi Records
    DHR 80612
    2018
    Audite
    23434
    2018
    Raumklang
    RK 3405
    2018
    Channel Classics
    CCS 39018
    2018
    In a Circle
    ICR 010
    2018
    Hungaroton
    HCD 32796
    2018
    Aparte
    AP 176
    2018
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2018
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4835050
    2018
    Navona Records
    NV 6159
    2018
    Oehms Classics
    OC 019
    2017
    ABC Classics
    2017
    Discovery Music & Vision
    DMV 120
    2017
    Albany Records
    TROY 1662/63
    2017
    Nimbus Alliance
    NI 6331
    2017
    New Focus
    FCR 178
    2017
    Nimbus Alliance
    NI 6351
    2017
    Ondine
    ODE 12992D
    2017
    Pentatone Classics / PentaTone Classics
    PTC 5186682
    2017
    Decca
    2016
    Various Artists
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4796220
    2016
    CAvi-music
    8553346
    2016
    Gega
    GD 19
    2016
    Warner Classics
    0190295944162
    2016
    Analekta
    AN 287723
    2016
    Harmonia Mundi
    HM 2016
    2016
    Brilliant Classics
    95424BR
    2016
    Bridge
    BCD 9460
    2016
    Oehms Classics
    OC 013
    2016
    Linn Records
    BKD 366
    2016
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    PH 15036
    2016
    Linn / Linn Records
    CKD 548
    2016
    Decca / Philips
    4788977
    2016
    Avie
    AV 2360
    2016
    Naxos
    8578336-37
    2016
    RCA Red Seal
    88985321742
    2016
    Danacord / DanaCord
    DACOCD 763768
    2016
    EuroArts / Warner Classics
    555050
    2016
    Warner Classics
    0825646777051
    2016
    Various Artists
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4796018
    2016
    Troubadisc
    TROCD 01444
    2015
    Champs Hill Records
    CHRCD 102
    2015
    Ja Hsieh
    2015
    Challenge Classics
    CC 72648
    2015
    Onyx / Onyx Classics
    ONYX 4123
    2015
    Canary Classics
    CC 14
    2015
    Supraphon
    SU 41862
    2015
    Naïve
    E 8939
    2015
    Nimbus Records
    NI 2581
    2015
    Sony Classical
    88875126182
    2015
    Warner Classics
    0825646129812
    2015
    MSR Classics
    MS 1605
    2015
    Albany Music Distribution
    TROY 1605/06
    2014
    Zig Zag Territoires
    ZZT 348
    2014
    Supraphon
    SU 41752
    2014
    Rewind
    REW 515
    2014
    Pan Classics
    PC 10298
    2014
    Warner Classics
    5099901928129
    2014
    Es-Dur
    ES2043
    2014
    Challenge Classics
    CC 72625
    2013
    Oehms Classics
    OC 868
    2013
    Phi
    LPH 008
    2013
    Musica Omnia
    0503
    2013
    EMI Music Distribution
    2013
    Ondine
    ODE 12412D
    2013
    Brilliant Classics
    94667
    2013
    Centaur Records
    CRC 32833284
    2013
    Skarbo
    DSK 11088
    2013
    Dynamic
    CDS 75812
    2012
    Cedille Records
    CDR 90000134
    2012
    Oehms Classics
    OC 834
    2012
    BIS
    BISSACD 1972
    2012
    Flora
    FLORA 0403
    2012
    Bridge
    BRIDGE 9358AB
    2012
    EMI Classics
    6787412
    2012
    Dagamba
    dagamba 100
    2012
    Entertainment Group
    12401
    2012
    Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2011
    Passacaille
    PAS 970
    2011
    Nimbus Alliance
    NI 6142
    2011
    Transart Live
    TR102
    2011
    Zig Zag Territoires
    ZZT110902
    2011
    Camerata Records
    CMCD 201012
    2011
    Genuin
    GEN 11207
    2011
    Berlin Classics
    0016722
    2011
    Meridian Records
    CDE 8459562
    2011
    EMI Classics
    2011
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099908528124
    2011
    Linn Records
    CKD 366
    2011
    EMI Classics
    509990947972
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Brilliant Classics
    94050
    2010
    EMI Classics
    6482982
    2010
    Ondine
    1164
    2010
    Phil.Harmonie
    PHIL 6007
    2010
    Naïve
    V 5181
    2010
    Harmonia Mundi
    902059
    2010
    Berlin Classics
    0016732
    2010
    Nimbus
    2557/8
    2010
    Apex
    2010
    Teldec
    256468103
    2010
    Genuin
    89161
    2010
    Challenge Classics
    72351
    2009
    Onyx
    ONYX 4040
    2009
    Camerata Records
    15081/82
    2009
    Blue Saphir
    1030
    2009
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    5099926504
    2009
    Con Brio
    232
    2009
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    2009
    Aeon
    0535
    2009
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    Decca
    2009
    Various Artists
    Decca
    4781149
    2009
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    5099926413
    2008
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    675010
    2008
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    8570277
    2008
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    0149292
    2008
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    2008
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    5099952203
    2008
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    93668
    2008
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    4696157
    2008
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    88697306012
    2008
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    8712
    2008
    IDIS
    6535/6
    2008
    Alphée / Zebralution
    2008
    Sony Classical Essential Classics
    721742
    2007
    Auris Subtilis
    5021-2000
    2007
    Linn Records
    CKD 300
    2007
    Euroarts
    2055638
    2007
    Scandinavian Classics
    220506
    2007
    Apex
    4643752
    2007
    Haenssler
    98250
    2007
    Document
    231122
    2007
    Ancalagon
    132
    2007
    Eroica Distribution
    3304
    2007
    Regis Records
    2077
    2007
    Scandinavian Classics
    220524
    2007
    Gaudeamus
    359
    2007
    Cascade Records
    2100
    2007
    EMI Music Distribution
    3873972
    2007
    Melodiya
    MELCD 1001000
    2007
    Bmc Records
    134
    2006
    Various Artists
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    0946374378
    2006
    Brilliant Classics
    99697
    2006
    Brilliant Classics
    93102
    2006
    Aeolus Music
    10044
    2006
    Canal Grande
    6010
    2006
    Alpha Productions
    090
    2006
    Brilliant Classics
    92287
    2006
    Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Music & Arts
    CD1187
    2006
    Nalu Music
    2006
    Philips
    4757552
    2006
    Classics & Jazz
    2006
    Philips
    2006
    ECM / ECM New Series
    2006
    ECM
    000762102
    2006
    Philips
    4757451
    2006
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000646102
    2006
    Sony Music Distribution
    77138
    2005
    EMEC (Editorial de Musica Espanola)
    060/1
    2005
    Artemis Records
    1246
    2005
    Various Artists
    Brilliant Classics
    92215
    2005
    History
    204580
    2005
    Warner Classics
    2005
    Veritas
    2005
    ABC Classics
    4768051
    2005
    EMI Classics
    2005
    Naxos
    8557563-64
    2005
    Berlin Classics
    9275
    2005
    CP2
    CP2 118119
    2005
    Biddulph Recordings
    80207
    2005
    PentaTone Classics
    5186072
    2005
    Electrecord
    583/84
    2005
    EMI Music Distribution
    76811
    2005
    EMI Classics
    2005
    EMI Classics
    2005
    Nonesuch
    2005
    Arte Nova
    577410
    2004
    BIS
    1229
    2004
    Virgin
    62340
    2004
    Warner Music
    2004
    Various Artists
    Brilliant Classics
    92391
    2004
    Cavalli Records
    132
    2004
    Sony Classical
    92749
    2004
    Virgin Classics
    62374
    2003
    Droffig Recordings
    10
    2003
    Musicians Showcase
    1047
    2003
    Testament
    1257
    2003
    Aura Classics
    0261
    2003
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000204902
    2003
    Musical Heritage Society
    5260819
    2003
    Deutsche Grammophon
    000031502
    2003
    Multisonic
    310487
    2003
    Bach Guild
    1246
    2003
    Fleur de Son Classics
    57959
    2002
    Hungaroton
    32120
    2002
    Channel Classics
    2498
    2002
    Classica d'Oro
    2014
    2002
    Teldec
    81229
    2002
    Naxos
    110964
    2002
    DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi
    77843
    2002
    Deutsche Grammophon
    469 259-2GP2
    2002
    Doremi Records
    7780
    2001
    Parnassus Records
    96009/10
    2001
    DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi
    05472775272
    2001
    Musica Viva
    1033
    2000
    EMI Music Distribution
    73644
    2000
    Astree
    E 8678
    2000
    Angel Records / Warner Classics
    7243567197
    2000
    Bridge
    9101
    2000
    Arte Nova
    72113
    2000
    Auvidis
    4865
    2000
    Analekta
    23147/8
    2000
    Eroica Distribution
    3025
    2000
    Arion
    268296
    2000
    Amadis
    7187
    2000
    Linn Records
    128
    2000
    Live Classics
    103
    1999
    Teldec
    25705
    1999
    Teldec
    25704
    1999
    Astree
    8645
    1999
    Various Artists
    Teldec
    3984-25716-2
    1999
    IDIS
    328/9
    1999
    Philips
    434075
    1999
    Masterpiece
    7901
    1999
    Haenssler
    92119
    1999
    Naxos
    554423
    1999
    Music & Arts
    4774
    1999
    Dynamic
    164/1-2
    1999
    Caprice Records
    21620
    1999
    Biddulph Recordings
    162/63
    1999
    Ondine
    9012
    1998
    Opus 111
    30201
    1998
    EMI Music Distribution
    66870
    1998
    Vox
    7901
    1998
    Delos
    3232
    1998
    Palexa
    502
    1998
    Deutsche Grammophon
    1998
    Deutsche Grammophon
    457701
    1997
    Linn Records
    029
    1997
    Virgin
    45205
    1997
    Deutsche Grammophon
    1997
    Deutsche Grammophon
    453004
    1997
    ESS.A.Y.
    1049/50/51
    1997
    Hyperion
    22009
    1997
    Valois
    4427
    1997
    Sony Classical
    62793
    1997
    Sony Classical
    62793
    1996
    MDG
    3330614
    1996
    Testament
    2090
    1996
    Centaur Records
    2472/73
    1996
    EMI Angel / Angel Records / Warner Classics
    CDC 5553952
    1996
    Parlophone
    1995
    Deutsche Grammophon
    445526
    1995
    RCA Gold Victor Seal
    61748
    1995
    Centaur Records
    2147/48
    1995
    Bayer Records
    200046
    1994
    Philips
    1994
    Philips
    438736
    1994
    Virgin
    45089
    1994
    Orfeo
    130852
    1994
    Naxos
    550570
    1994
    Skarbo
    1944
    1993
    Vanguard
    8021
    1993
    EMI Music Distribution
    64793
    1993
    EMI Music Distribution
    64617
    1992
    Elektra
    73030
    1992
    Harmonia Mundi
    907054
    1992
    RCA
    61265
    1989
    Capitol
    63035
    1988
    EMI Music Distribution
    49483
    Brilliant
    93102-VOL1
    Brilliant
    99701
    Classico
    114
    Denon Records
    74485
    History
    204590
    Image Recordings
    EXL
    4267
    Adda
    581134
    Ars Musici
    0954
    Music & Arts
    774
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco
    10382
    Meridian Records
    84208
    RCA
    7708
    RCA
    60971
    Deutsche Grammophon
    413810
    Warner Music
    MCA
    99841
    Supraphon
    1806
    MDG
    3051028
    Fone
    9027
    Musicaimmagine Records
    10033
    Brilliant
    93102/11
    Brilliant
    92391/21
    Brilliant Classics
    93668/21
    Brilliant
    99701/11
    Agora Musica
    110
    Accord
    200562
    London
    417715
    ASV
    454
    Erato
    45805
    Brilliant
    8712/1
    Alex Deych
    Celle-stial Records
    Deutsche Grammophon
    423294
    Arts Music
    47582-2
    Garrett Fischbach
    ECM
    000506502
    Fono Enterprise
    99392
    Cascade Records
    2124
    Poema
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    98667
    Miraphone
    One-Eleven
    93060
    Channel Classics
    14498
    Various Artists
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    5091707
    Various Artists
    EMI Music Distribution
    66405