Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Piano Sonata No. 6 in D major, K. 284 (K. 205b)

    Description by Brian Robins

    The Sonata in D is the last of a group of six piano sonatas composed in Munich during the early months of 1775. Mozart was in the Bavarian city with his father Leopold and sister Nannerl for the premiere of his opera buffa La finta giardiniera, an event that delays caused to be postponed from its original date in the previous December until January 13. While the purpose behind the composition of the previous five sonatas is not known, the D major was composed to a commission by Baron Thaddäus von Dürnitz, an amateur bassoon player for whom Mozart may also have written his Duet for Bassoon and Cello, K. 292 (K. 186c).

    Mozart's undated autograph manuscript numbers the six sonatas, suggesting that he may have intended to publish them as a cycle. If such an intention was on his mind, it appears to have remained unfulfilled, but letters to his father during the long trip he made to Mannheim and Paris in the company of his mother in 1777 - 1778 make it clear that he frequently played them himself. The group is referred to in family letters as schwere Sonaten, a curious description given that, with the exception of the work under consideration, they are his easiest piano sonatas. In addition to being more demanding than its five predecessors, the work is notable also for being much the longest of the sonatas Mozart had composed to date. The principal reason is the long set of variations which form the final movement, the first time Mozart had employed variation form in a piano sonata, and the only example apart from the opening movement of the Sonata in A, K. 331. Following an opening sonata form Allegro, the central movement is a Rondeau en Polonaise in which French influence is clearly apparent. Nine years after its composition, K. 284 was published in Vienna in a reworked version.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Rondeau en Polonaise. Andante
    3. Thema und 12 Variationen

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Oehms Classics OC 017
    2017 Oehms Classics OC 1857
    2016 Mirare MIR 301
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646942060
    2015 Sony Classical 88875032222
    2015 Sony Classical 88875051802
    2015 Harmonia Mundi HMU 907531
    2015 Wigmore Hall Live WHLCD 0076
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4822418
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Naïve V 5367
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon 4793622
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Erato 2564624223
    2013 Accent ACC 24254
    2012 Sony Classical 88725413592
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 Anima Records 9040001
    2011 Fazer / Finlandia
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94198
    2011 Avie 2209
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94034
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 E1 Distribution 7761
    2008 EMI Classics 229232
    2008 Erato 4696943
    2008 EMI Classics 367524
    2008 Brilliant Classics 92733
    2008 Altara Music 1026
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2008 Farao Classics 108017
    2007 The Gift of Music GM180CD
    2007 Musical Concepts 141
    2007 Doremi Records 7901
    2007 Eroica Distribution 3311
    2007 Naïve V 5080
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 4777152 GM 2
    2006 Doremi Records 71147
    2006 Warner Classics
    2006 MDG 3411304
    2006 Fazer / Finlandia
    2006 Brilliant 93025
    2006 BIS 1633
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894775200
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Philips
    2006 Music & Arts CD-1001
    2006 Avie 2105
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 88808
    2006 Philips
    2005 Warner Classics 4623362
    2005 Brilliant 92268
    2005 Naïve 8905
    2005 Archipel 0220
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2003 Gramola GRAM 98701/5
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 8799
    2003 RCA 55705
    2002 Glossa 503
    2002 Astree Naive 8866
    2000 Insync Music (INSP Media Group) 4234
    2000 Philips 000575602
    2000 Musicians Showcase 1036
    2000 BIS 835/37
    2000 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243573915
    1999 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463137
    1999 Hungaroton 31802/3
    1999 Glossa 920504
    1997 Nimbus 1775
    1997 Philips 456132
    1997 BIS 836
    1996 Arbiter ARBITER101
    1995 Sony Classical 52627
    1995 London 443717
    1995 Tudor Records 7012
    1994 Naxos 505012
    1994 Naxos 550447
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon
    1993 Deutsche Grammophon 437791
    1993 Simax 1092
    1993 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 233
    1993 Denon Records 8072
    1992 Vox 5026
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 63688
    1991 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz
    1991 Deutsche Grammophon 431 760-2GH6
    1991 Philips 422719
    1991 EMI Music Distribution 67294
    1991 RCA 60709
    1991 Astree 8682
    1991 Philips 000121802
    1991 CBS Records 45612
    1990 Hungaroton 31011
    1989 Hungaroton 31009/14
    1987 Philips 420185
    Kontrapunkt 32092
    Brilliant 92630
    Denon Records 9399
    Erato
    Brilliant 92268/2
    Brilliant 92630/2
    Discover 920198
    Finlandia 16886
    Erato 45216
    Denon Records 79399
    Musical Heritage Society 566052
    Sony Music Distribution 47222
    Teldec 242741
    Teldec 9031724832
    Edition HERA 2200
    Columbia 7274
    Amado Classics 01035
    Titanic 206