Gustav Mahler

Symphony No. 10 in F sharp major (incomplete)

    Description by Joseph Stevenson

    Mahler left a substantially complete first movement of his tenth symphony, marked Adagio and published a few years after his death. It is a meditative, tragic movement, rising to a screamingly dissonant chord pierced by a high trumpet note. Mahler died after sketching out the rest. Musicologist Deryck Cooke discovered around 1960 that the composer had written at least a melodic line from the beginning of the second movement to the end, sometimes with detailed indications of instrumentation and harmony, sometimes with less information, sometimes with nothing but the melodic line. He used this sketch to produce a "performing version" in which to Mahler's material he added, where needed, countermelodies, harmonies, and orchestration. Later Cooke redid his completion, using a larger orchestra. The interior of the symphony comprises two scherzos divided by a movement called "Purgatorio," based on the accompaniment to one of his early Wunderhorn songs. The first scherzo is grotesque, the second more dramatic, with a great deal of good humor. The fourth movement ends with a muffled bass drum stroke, an effect Mahler observed at a New York City fireman's funeral procession. The final movement is a struggle movement, faster in tempo, not yielding easy answers, and reprising the screaming chord of the first movement. Is this completed version valid? Many conductors, including arch-Mahlerite Leonard Bernstein, did not think so. This writer accepts it as fascinating listening which is never less than at least a good imitation of Mahler, and frequently coming close to the genuine article.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Adagio
    2. Scherzo (sketches)
    3. Purgatorio (sketches)
    4. Scherzo (sketches)
    5. Finale (sketches)

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798418
    2018 Münchner Philharmoniker MPHIL 0007
    2017 Solo Musica ETP 008
    2017 Alto ALC 1346
    2016 Praga PRD 250344
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795553
    2014 Oehms Classics OC 654
    2014 Warner Classics 2564627828
    2013 MDG MDG 93718046
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 001931702
    2012 Entertainment Group 4038
    2012 The Entertainment Group 1111
    2012 The Entertainment Group 1126
    2012 The Entertainment Group 1101A
    2012 The Entertainment Group 1101
    2012 Entertainment Group 1583
    2012 LSO Live LSO 0730
    2012 Artek AR 00572
    2012 Entertainment Group 1605
    2011 Music & Arts CD-1249
    2011 Archipel ARPCD 0529
    2011 Musical Concepts MC182
    2011 Entertainment Group 1203
    2011 The Entertainment Group 1031
    2011 Channel Classics CCSSA 31511
    2011 The Entertainment Group 1022
    2010 Sony Classical 8869768365
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Sonoma SBT 20106
    2010 Sonoma Entertainment SBD 20063
    2010 Decca
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Decca
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099960875
    2010 EMI Classics
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 4779060
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Decca
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Naxos 8501502
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 4778668
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 477 866-8
    2010 Virgin Classics 628508
    2010 Virgin Classics
    2009 Erato
    2009 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099921657
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 LSO LSO 0666
    2009 San Francisco Symphony 821936-0021-2
    2009 Sony Classical Essential Classics 745369
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 447023
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4594062
    2007 ECM 000968002
    2006 Document 223511
    2006 Supraphon 38802
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 40238
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 002894775187
    2005 IMG Artists
    2004 High Definition Classics 59
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 62863
    2004 Haenssler 93130
    2003 Haenssler 93062
    2003 Brilliant 92005
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87874
    2003 Artemis Classics 1223
    2003 Hungaroton 4010
    2002 Telarc Distribution 80548
    2001 Sony Music Distribution 89415
    2001 Sony Classical 89499
    2000 Berlin Classics 0030342
    2000 Nuova Era 7340
    1999 Berlin Classics 0021582BC
    1999 Madacy 9505
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 435102
    1999 New York Philharmonic 000
    1998 Deutsche Grammophon 459080
    1998 Sony Classical SMK-60732
    1998 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 7243572941
    1998 Music & Arts CD-1021
    1998 Music & Arts 1021
    1997 Troppe Note 1402
    1997 Chandos 9572
    1997 Madacy 3715
    1996 Capriccio Records 49043
    1995 Philips 434997
    1995 Naxos 550525
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 445 565-2GMA
    1995 Russian Season RUS288 117/8
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 47585
    1995 Intercord Klassische Diskothek 860908
    1994 Chandos 9305
    1994 Supraphon 1860
    1994 Supraphon 1970
    1994 Decca
    1994 Philips 442050
    1993 Denon Records 1566
    1993 Sony Music Distribution 53259
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48198
    1992 EMI Music Distribution 64481
    1989 Deutsche Grammophon 429042
    1980 Tahra 147
    Deutsche Grammophon 459094
    EMI Music Distribution 47300
    Excelsior Recordings 070
    Madacy 5528
    Vanguard 29/30
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco 103
    Deutsche Grammophon 471 451-2GB15
    Deutsche Grammophon 435162
    Virgin 90771
    Sony Music Entertainment 87716
    Capriccio Records 49062
    EMI Music Distribution 54387
    Philips 426302
    CBS Records 42200
    Musicaphon 56953
    Deutsche Grammophon 471246
    Tahra 101
    Sony Music Distribution 52579
    Russian Revelation 10078
    Deutsche Grammophon 423082
    Brilliant 92005/13
    Virgin 791219
    Golden String 24
    RCA 4553
    Classical Diamonds 4010
    Supraphon 111970
    Enterprise 4133
    Virgin 59635
    Palladio 4133
    Vanguard 2030
    Blue Saphir 830875