Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Symphony No. 35 in D major ("Haffner"), K. 385

    Description by Roger Dettmer

    By mid-1782 Mozart had been a Vienna resident for more than a year, beginning to prosper from the success of his new singspiel, The Abduction from the Seraglio. Yet Leopold Mozart refused to bless his marriage proposal to Constanze Weber, and thought nothing of disrupting his son's professional life. In the midst of preparations for the first all-Mozart concert in Joseph II's imperial capital, Papa insisted that Wolfgang compose a new work for the ennoblement of Salzburg's mayor, Sigmund Haffner. In other words, a gratis job, unrelated to Wolfgang's new career and income. The wonder is that Mozart obliged posthaste, despite being harried. Between July 20 and August 5 he wrote the new D major serenade-symphony in six movements (not to be confused, however, with an earlier Haffner Serenade, K. 250). During the same fortnight he also made a wind-band arrangement of music from The Abduction ("If I don't do this, someone else will beat me to it and take my profit"), composed the noble C minor Serenade for winds (K. 388/384a), and married Constanze without Leopold's permission.

    Six months later, needing a new symphony for further concerts in the Burgtheater, Mozart remembered that Leopold had pestered him for a piece and asked for its return. Papa of course took his mean-spirited time, but finally did send it. Upon receipt Wolfgang wrote that "the music has positively amazed me, for I had forgotten every single note it!" He dropped one of the Serenade's two minuets (subsequently lost) and a concluding march, then added a pair each of flutes and clarinets in movements 1 and 4, and offered K. 385 as a new piece. He conducted the first performance in Vienna's Royal Burgtheater on March 23, 1783. To Papa he wrote that "the theater could not have been more crowded...every box was full. But what pleased me most of all was that His Majesty the Emperor was present and, goodness! -- how delighted he was and how he applauded me!"

    Celebratory pomp suffuses the concisely argued, monothematic sonata-form, Allegro con spirito movement without exposition-repeat. Everything relates to the main theme with its two-octave leaps, dum-dum-da-dum-dum rhythm, skirling trills and racing scales.

    A sinuous song and trio with translucent textures and operatic ornamentation for the violins makes the G major Andante the longest movement if all repeats are played. The trio silences flutes, clarinets, and trumpets, yet begins with marvelously sonorous wind chords. Low strings carry the melody until violins take over with more trills, birdcalls, and galant-period embellishments, after which the song repeats.

    The Menuetto movement -- not four minutes long even with repeats -- is emphatically rhythmic, and countrified rather than courtly in the song sections. Contrastingly, the trio is played legato throughout.

    The final Presto is sonata form again, even more concise than in the first movement. Although Mozart wanted it played "as fast as possible," he still meant slower than the capability of most twentieth century instruments.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro con spirito
    2. Andante
    3. Menuetto & Trio
    4. Finale. Presto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Warner Classics
    2018 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon 4798418
    2017 RCA Red Seal 88985376042
    2017 ICA Classics ICAB 5141
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon 4797477
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295886721
    2017 Warner Classics 561986
    2017 ICA Classics ICAC 5142
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795516
    2016 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88875173752
    2016 Ricercar RIC 361
    2016 Decca / Philips 4788977
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795553
    2015 Naxos 8572842
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795229
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Orfeo C 891141B
    2014 Decca / Universal
    2014 Sony Classical 88883720682
    2014 Andromeda ANDRCD 9120
    2014 Sony Classical 88843045052
    2013 Dacapo 8201201
    2013 Dacapo 6220545
    2013 Sony Classical G010002962312I
    2013 Naxos 8501109
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon 4791046
    2012 Guild Historical GHCD 238485
    2012 Music & Arts MA 1262
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099963565
    2012 Naxos 8501060
    2012 K-Tel 56873
    2012 Haenssler / Hänssler Classic HAEN 94613
    2012 Harmonia Mundi HMA 1951891
    2012 Broken Audio BRAU 0790
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099995593
    2012 Budapest Music Center BMH 194
    2011 Music & Arts MA 1255
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94295
    2011 Novalis 1501972
    2011 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099909637
    2011 Royal Philharmonic Masterworks / RPO RPM28510
    2011 Sony Classical 8869768972
    2011 Helicon Classics 029638
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 Document / Membran 223548321
    2010 Da Capo Austria / Zebralution
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Archipel 0446
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 435 070-2GGA
    2010 Linn Records 350
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Decca
    2010 Sony Classical 8869776152
    2010 Sony Classical 7712902
    2009 Delta / Zebralution
    2009 Delta / Zebralution
    2009 Telarc Distribution 80759
    2009 GLOR Classics 8151
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records 00795041940827
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 07021
    2008 Document / Membran 231884
    2008 Orfeo 773084
    2008 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2008 Haenssler 93230
    2008 Haenssler 93216
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4777925
    2008 ZYX Music 10319
    2008 Archiv Produktion 001142602
    2008 Decca
    2008 EMI Classics 3458102
    2008 IDIS 6537
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93669
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80729
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951203
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 ABC Classics 4766329
    2007 Decca 4758204
    2007 Berlin 8403
    2007 Documents 231060
    2007 Decca 4758473
    2007 LPO 97
    2007 Novalis Classics 150742
    2007 Decca
    2007 Decca 4759120
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099950083
    2007 Rca Red Seal 74321846022
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 000958402
    2007 Music & Arts CD1192
    2006 RCO / RCO Live 06004
    2006 Haenssler 93140
    2006 Archipel 0352
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 4776237
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 86793
    2006 Edel Classics 2612
    2006 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Philips 000707702
    2006 Philips 000764802
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894776134
    2006 Philips 4647702
    2006 Warner Music 62334
    2006 Boston Skyline BSD144
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 678765
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 45815
    2006 EMI Classics
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 50922
    2006 Melodiya MELCD 1000974
    2006 Brilliant 99715
    2006 Brilliant 92863
    2006 Philips
    2006 Music & Arts 978
    2005 MediaTag 18
    2005 Haenssler 98490
    2005 Madacy 2968
    2005 Cascavelle 5009
    2005 Parlophone
    2005 Decca
    2005 Haenssler 93152
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics 76890
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 000551802
    2005 Harmonia Mundi 901891
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 Brilliant 92543
    2005 Brilliant 92110
    2005 Oehms 349
    2005 Berlin Classics 0183972BC
    2005 LPO 6
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4775756
    2005 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Arts Music 47700
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 4775136
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon
    2004 Artone 222330-354
    2004 Document 221543
    2004 Sony Classical 92762
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 85696
    2004 Deutsche Grammophon 4775008
    2004 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH04050
    2004 Resonance 501
    2004 Arts Music 47650
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 Naxos 8501107
    2004 Cala Records 537
    2004 Centurion Classics 2064
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000041502
    2003 Document 220822
    2003 Decca 000017402
    2003 Andante 4030
    2003 Delta Distribution 40039
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 85589
    2003 Haenssler 98442
    2003 Testament 1304
    2003 Naxos 8557233
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80203
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87989
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000048602
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 89809
    2003 History 45515
    2003 Capriccio Records 71003
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 4744002
    2002 St. Clair 3091
    2002 Glissando 38
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 75130
    2002 Andante 4983
    2002 Philips 470540
    2002 Haenssler 94003
    2002 Sony Classical 89834
    2002 Archiv Produktion 471666
    2002 Classica d'Oro 9007
    2002 Capriccio Records 67014
    2001 BBC Legends 4076
    2001 Urania 178
    2001 Deutsche Grammophon 459663
    2001 Accord 100
    2001 Music Digital 40502
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 66098
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 567333
    2001 Sony Music Distribution 28882
    2001 Classica d'Oro 1017
    2001 Lifestyles 315015
    2000 BBC Music 8802
    2000 Capriccio Records 49514
    2000 Delta Distribution 49385
    2000 Intersound 1771
    2000 T-Rax 27
    2000 Arkadia 78522
    2000 Essential Archive 5001
    2000 Amadis 7059
    2000 Philips / Philips Classics 4681662
    1999 BBC Legends / BBC Music 40162
    1999 BBC Music 8008
    1999 Philips 422500
    1999 Lifestyles 1750
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 447398
    1999 Past Perfect / Trumpets of Jericho 203300
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 3857
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 415305
    1999 Arkadia 78541
    1999 BBC Music 4027
    1999 Angel Records 73631
    1999 Iron Needle 1363
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 3855
    1999 IDIS 297/8
    1999 History 203190
    1998 Intersound 1737
    1998 Digital Sound 1023
    1998 Virgin 561451-2
    1998 Intersound 2851
    1998 London 460615
    1998 Haenssler 98173
    1998 Delta Distribution 11555
    1998 Intersound 3843
    1997 Magic Talent 48049
    1997 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 62344
    1997 Compose Records 9131
    1997 Grammofono 2000 78026
    1997 Symposium 1204
    1997 Philips 454085
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63272
    1997 Querstand 9708
    1997 Arts Music 47365
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453046
    1997 ASV 6071
    1997 Point Classics 265052
    1997 452496
    1997 Magic Talent 48054
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 4532312
    1996 Intersound 2507
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 447416
    1996 Laserlight 15864
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 66248
    1995 Art of Classics 885907
    1995 Orfeo 359941
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 64473
    1995 Philips 446225
    1995 Seraphim UK 568531
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1995 Intersound 3804
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 23238
    1995 Preiser Records 90922
    1994 Classical Heritage 1202
    1994 Novalis E 150060-2
    1994 Naxos 550186
    1994 Chesky Records 16
    1994 Lydian 18059
    1994 MusicMasters 67141
    1994 Naxos 8003
    1993 Naxos 505004
    1993 Sony Music Distribution 46333
    1993 Naxos 8550186
    1993 Royal Classics 6410
    1992 RCA 60286
    1992 RCA 60317
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48063
    1992 Teldec 9031-77595-2
    1991 RCA 60329
    1991 Telarc Distribution 80300
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429668
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429521
    1990 Philips 422 502-2PME6
    1988 Deutsche Grammophon 431269
    1988 ASV 615
    1985 Deutsche Grammophon
    1984 Deutsche Grammophon 419427
    1980 Supraphon 283286
    ABC Classics 4766340
    History 204563
    Glissando 39
    Delta Distribution 15864
    RCA 68364
    Music & Arts 631
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    Deutsche Grammophon 459666
    Document 220823-303
    Archiphon 40
    IMP Classics 2013
    Unison 8286
    Virtuoso 2697052
    Sony Music Distribution 52498
    Mont Blanc 3
    Montblanc Philharmoni
    EMI Music Distribution 63456
    Fonit-Cetra Italia 505
    Telegraph
    Document 221544303
    Vivace 314
    Trumpets of Jericho 203308
    Sony Music Distribution 46511
    Deutsche Grammophon 427811
    As Disc 611
    Manchester 109
    Pickwick 1144
    Philharmonia of the Nations 02
    Magic Master 37029
    EMI Music Distribution 67301
    Deutsche Grammophon 431039
    Deutsche Grammophon 413151
    Pellarin Multimedia 37064
    EMI Music Distribution 63856
    Brilliant Classics 93669/3
    Brilliant 92388/3
    Brilliant 92110/8
    Brilliant 92625/8
    Brilliant 92543/8
    Brilliant Classics 8635/8
    Brilliant 99715/3
    Denon Records 77884
    ASV 510
    Sony Music Distribution 46515
    Philips 416490
    Erato 45857
    Erato 45582
    Tring 059
    High Definition Classics 009
    Magic Master 37064
    Agora Musica 004
    Brilliant 92625
    Intersound 2059
    Donau 8059
    RCA 77525
    Excelsior Recordings 009
    Pickwick 11028
    Philips 420486
    RCA 60539
    Koch 7574
    Sony Classical 47294
    Berlin Classics 0092712
    CBS Records 45676
    Philips Classics 412994
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 421104
    Florilegium 421085
    Sony Music Distribution 68446
    CBS Records 44647
    Lys 165
    Sony Music Distribution 52513
    Arlecchino 163
    Pro-Arte Records 940
    Laserlight 35851
    Intersound 3805
    Intersound 3091
    Grammofono 2000 78663
    Pearl 9373
    History 2031931
    Amado Classics 01037
    Virgin 61678
    Polskie Nagrania 39