Anonymous

God Save the Queen (National Anthem, United Kingdom and Northern Ireland)

    Description by Erik Eriksson

    Known alternatively as "God Save the King," the British National Anthem arose from unclear sources. That it was performed in September and October 1745 at London's Drury Lane Theatre and at Covent Garden is not in question. Prompted by the victory of the insurgent Jabobites at the Battle of Prestonpans (Scotland), the anthem was arranged in three parts by one of the most famous composers of the day. Thomas Augustine Arne for Drury Lane. Charles Burney, a student of Arne's, arranged the same melody for the Covent Garden Theatre performances. The anthem appeared in a popular magazine in October 1745, arranged in two parts "as sung at both playhouses." Thesaurus Musicus, published the year before, contains an anthem nearly alike in the principal vocal line. The first line reads "God Save our Lord and King." When Marshal Wade marched his troops to Scotland in October 1745, a verse was added to Arne's version beseeching a victory over Scottish rebellion. The anthem had been found in an earlier volume of music, one predating Thesaurus Musicus. In Harmonia Anglicana, it was published in 1743. Some scholars maintain that it was the work of Henry Carey, a contributor to the publication. Allegedly composed sometime between 1736 and 1740, it was sung by Carey at a dinner party celebrating Admiral Vernon's victory at Portobello. At the gathering, Carey claimed it as his own. Other sources contain tunes or texts similar to the anthem, but not conclusively so. A volume attributed to Dr. John Bull, Chapel Royal organist under James I, contains some melodies not unlike the anthem arranged by Arne, but the texts were different. Another theory put forth by some Scots is that the anthem was based on a 1611 carol whose text read "Remember, O thou man." Although "God Save the Queen" is recognized the world over as the British National Anthem (the tune has been employed also for anthems of other nations), the music and text have not, together or separately, been made official by Royal Proclamation or by an Act of Parliament. Rather, the anthem continues to be sung as an example of tradition. In 1832, Samuel F. Smith employed the tune, as published in

    Thesaurus Musicus, for "My Country, 'Tis of Thee."

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Decca B 002854202
    2018 Sony Classical / Sony Music 19075829402
    2017 Signum Classics SIGCD 479
    2017 ABC Classics
    2017 ABC Classics
    2016 ABC Classics
    2016 ABC Classics 4812424
    2016 Silva Classics SILKD 6052
    2015 ABC Classics 4811143
    2015 Crimson CRIMRA 01
    2015 Sony Classical 88843054582
    2014 2L 2L104SABD
    2013 Decca 4785364
    2013 ICA Classics ICAC 5102
    2012 Sony Music 88691991682
    2012 Spectrum Music SPEC 2104
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099932728
    2012 Memory Lane GLMY 54
    2012 Decca / Universal
    2012 LPO LPO 0063
    2012 Church of the Redeemer 5637948713
    2011 Sony Classical 88697898632
    2011 The Priory / Priory Records PRCD 1053
    2011 Decca
    2011 Royal Philharmonic Masterworks RPM 28740
    2011 Decca
    2011 Decca 4805207
    2011 Silva / Silva Screen SILCD1358
    2011 Decca
    2011 Decca 2770662
    2011 Regis / Regis Records RRC 1337
    2010 Spectrum Music SPEC 2046
    2010 ABC Classics 4764061
    2010 Decca
    2009 Src Records SRC 108
    2009 Supraphon 39952
    2008 Silva America SILCD 4172
    2008 Philips
    2008 Delta Distribution / Delta Leisure Group CD 6725
    2008 RCA / RCA Red Seal 38062
    2007 BBC Legends / BBC Music 42092
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099950360
    2007 Philips
    2006 Decca 000673202
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 4775957
    2005 Warner Music 4619562
    2005 Crimson Productions 350
    2005 Marco Polo 225319
    2004 Dmg Tv DMGTV 007
    2004 K-Tel Distribution ECD 3862
    2004 Denon Records 17341
    2004 Koch International Classics / Koch KIC-7581
    2004 Madacy 50305
    2004 Chandos 24117
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 585148-2
    2003 K-Tel Distribution 3816
    2003 Bridge 9133A/B
    2002 Griffin / Griffin / Griffin & Co. 3001
    2002 Soundline / Soundline Band SLB 4004
    2002 Rajon Entertainment Pty Ltd. 1008
    2002 Sounds Of The World 90204
    2002 Priory Records 704
    2002 K-Tel Distribution ECD 3764
    2002 BBC Music 4100
    2002 Philips 470383
    2001 Philips / Philips 4652352
    2001 Bandleader / Droit Music 211
    2000 Testament 3167
    2000 BBC Music 449800
    2000 Griffin CSACD 3050
    2000 BBC Legends 4044
    2000 BBC Music 4041
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 69606
    1999 Intersound 2874
    1998 RCA 63231
    1996 Bandleader BNA 5093
    1996 Koch International 340872
    1996 Koch Classics 340872
    1996 Bandleader 5085
    1995 Esx Entertainment, Inc. 7069
    1993 RCA 61414
    1991 Chandos 6573
    1989 Fanfare / Pro-Arte Records 492
    Bandleader 5000
    Bandleader 5063
    Bandleader 7005
    Decca 440317
    Rca Red Seal 84572
    Rca Red Seal 4572
    Musketeer Records 5009