Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Violin Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 211

    Description by John Palmer

    Between April 14 and December 20, 1775, Mozart composed five violin concertos. In style, they are related to his serenades from the same period. Aside from two concertos incorporated into serenades, these represent Mozart's only authentic concertos for violin and orchestra. At the time, the 19-year-old Mozart was concertmaster of the Archbishop's court orchestra in Salzburg. Thus, he may have composed the concertos for his own use as a soloist. The pieces show a gradual increase in Mozart's mastery of the genre.

    The second of the concertos (D major, completed on June 14, 1775), recalls the style of the late-Baroque, resembling works by Tartini; it strikes an awkward balance between bravura flourishes and thematic presentation and development for the soloist. Each movement boasts an abundance of melodies, one after another. In general, the concerto lacks the dramatic force we hear in Mozart's piano concertos.

    The opening tutti, or ritornello, of the Allegro moderato juxtaposes sections of vivacious texture with unison passages. The main theme, first played by the entire orchestra then by the soloist, jaggedly outlines the tonic triad. Mozart's secondary theme resembles Tyrolean folk music and yodeling. Hints of this new theme appear first in the orchestra before the solo violin takes over almost imperceptibly. Mozart exercises a great deal of license in the returning statements of the ritornello, varying them in several ways.

    In G major, the Andante second movement is a sonata-form structure without development. Its melodic material is reminiscent of some of Mozart's arias composed at this time, particularly "L'amerò sarò costante" from Il Rè pastore.

    In contrast to the opening Allegro, the closing Rondeau, marked Allegro, is light and jocular. The principal theme is minuet-like both in its 3/4 meter and pattern of repetition; all of the episodes also sound like dances. Blithe, entertaining movements are not unusual conclusions to concertos of the period, but the seriousness and ingenuity of the first movement make this Rondeau seem especially unambitious.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro moderato
    2. Andante
    3. Rondeau. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 LSO Live LSO 0804
    2018 ICA Classics ICAC 5153
    2017 Onyx / Onyx Classics ONYX 4164
    2017 Hungaroton HCD 3276162
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796316
    2016 Harmonia Mundi HMC 90223031
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95368BR
    2016 Haenssler / Hänssler Classic HC 15042
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4794708
    2015 Avie AVR 2317
    2015 Swedish Society Discofil SCD 1158
    2015 Glossa GCD 921121
    2014 Oehms Classics OC 862
    2014 Haenssler / Hänssler Classic 933160000000
    2013 Sony Classical 88765429342
    2013 Regis Records 7010
    2012 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099960248
    2012 Virgin Classics
    2012 Decca
    2012 Warner Classics
    2012 Sony Classical 88725463962
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 002894779464
    2011 PentaTone Classics PTC 5186453
    2011 Apex 2564673017
    2011 BIS SACD 1755
    2011 ZYX CLA 101172
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94096
    2010 Decca
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Teldec 256468103
    2009 Nonesuch 512789
    2009 Doremi Records 7964-69
    2009 Denon Records 00795041947321
    2009 Brilliant Classics 93669/23
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Glossa GCD 921108
    2009 Decca
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099926413
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921471
    2008 Warner Classics
    2008 Brilliant 8712
    2008 Brilliant 93162
    2008 Hungaroton 32553/4
    2008 ZYX Music 10320
    2008 Berlin Classics 0184452BC
    2008 Landscape Classics / Zebralution
    2008 Nonesuch
    2008 Archiv Produktion
    2008 Archiv Produktion 4777371
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4596752
    2008 Erato 256469451
    2008 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 358149
    2008 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 575449-2
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Apex 4643292
    2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2007 Challenge Records 72155
    2007 Berlin Classics 0184122
    2007 Elatus
    2007 Virgin Classics 65468
    2007 EMI Classics
    2007 EMI Classics 78374
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Brilliant 92868
    2006 Brilliant / Brilliant Classics 99395
    2006 Philips
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 42412
    2006 Brilliant 92884
    2006 PentaTone Classics 5186094
    2006 Erato
    2006 Virgin 44706
    2006 Erato
    2006 CBC Records 5238
    2006 Berlin Classics 0184002
    2006 Warner Classics 63263
    2005 Brilliant 92702
    2005 Warner Music 4623332
    2005 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT051001
    2005 Avie 2058
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 474 2152GH2
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 000569102
    2005 Parlophone
    2005 Brilliant 92265
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Seraphim UK
    2005 Warner Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 86528
    2005 Arte Nova 721040
    2005 Brilliant 92436
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Artemis Classics ATMCD1270
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 585030
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 Novalis 150710
    2004 EMI Classics 62826
    2004 Delta Distribution 16380
    2004 Warner Classics / Warner Music 4617562
    2003 Philips 000017902
    2003 Virgin Classics
    2003 Brilliant 99713
    2003 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 40043
    2003 Rca Red Seal 34170
    2002 Novalis 150162
    2002 Sony Classical 89840
    2002 Naïve 1002
    2002 Figaro Recordings 99077
    2001 Koch Schwann 367732
    2001 Teldec 85193
    2001 Capriccio Records 51045
    2001 Virgin 61842
    2000 Virgin 45214
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon 4696652
    2000 Philips 464810
    2000 Arte Nova 72104
    1999 Carlton Classics 01112
    1999 Berlin Classics 0011582
    1999 Erato / Virgin 7243561576
    1999 Claves 508913/14
    1999 ESS.A.Y. 1070
    1998 Erato 21660
    1998 Sony Music Distribution 60110
    1997 Arcobaleno 94092
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon
    1997 L'Oiseau-Lyre 455721
    1997 Point Classics 265008
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 453 043-2GTA2
    1996 EMI Music Distribution 569355
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 67193
    1995 Deutsche Grammophon 445535
    1995 Seraphim UK 5685302
    1995 Sony Classical 66475
    1994 Capriccio Records 10370
    1994 Naxos 550414
    1994 Virgin Classics 45010
    1994 Naxos 503002
    1994 Naxos 8003
    1993 Philips 438323
    1993 Philips
    1992 Praga 254005
    1991 L'Oiseau-Lyre 433045
    1991 CBS Records Masterworks 45614
    1991 Philips 422508
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46539
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46523
    1990 CBS Records 42494
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 415975
    1987 Deutsche Grammophon 431281
    Brilliant 8712/2
    Vivace 316
    Brilliant 92627
    Brilliant 92626/16
    RCA 60152
    Vivace 217
    Digital Masterworks 71825
    Philips 416632
    Fone 98F03
    Art Composer's Gallery 003670
    Amado Classics 01030
    Vanguard 7001
    Musical Heritage Society 524372
    Denon Records 7506
    Philips 464722
    CBS Records Masterworks 45614
    IMP Classics 948
    Argo 411613
    Musical Heritage Society 5389548
    Brilliant 93162/5
    Sony Music Distribution 52526
    CBS Records 44653
    Brilliant 92702/5
    Brilliant 92388/23
    Brilliant 92265/5
    Brilliant 92436/1
    Novalis 150012
    Brilliant 99713/5
    EMI Music Distribution 74743
    EMI Music Distribution 79531
    EMI Music Distribution 69176
    EMI Classics 47011
    EMI Music Distribution 69865
    Denon Records 18066
    Philips 422468
    Deutsche Grammophon 447530