Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Piano Concerto No. 24 in C minor, K. 491

    Description by Brian Robins

    During the early part of 1786 Mozart was busily engaged in the process of completing his opera Le nozze di Figaro, which received its premiere at the National Court Theater in Vienna on May 1. Lack of documentation for the winter and spring months of that year means that we do not know if he repeated the series of Lenten subscription concerts he had mounted the two previous years, but they did witness the completion of two new piano concertos, a genre that from 1784 to 1786 can normally be related to such concert series. One of these, No. 23 in A, K. 488, is a work now known to have been started two years earlier, but the magnificent concerto under consideration was an entirely new work. It was entered into his thematic catalog on March 24, and is believed to have been premiered at Mozart's benefit concert at the Burgtheater on April 7, the last concert he would give there.

    The popularity Mozart had enjoyed with the Viennese public as a performer would henceforth start to decline, the C minor Concerto the penultimate of the great series of piano concertos composed for his concerts between 1784 and 1786. One of only two concertos composed by Mozart in a minor key, it is a work that reflects the increasing density and complexity of Mozart's music, the development of a style that already perplexed many of his contemporaries. What, for example, must they have made of the stormy, Beethovenian drama of the opening Allegro, or the chromatic intensity that pervades the concerto?

    The autograph score, housed in the British Library, also shows thoroughly uncharacteristic signs of struggle, particularly in the final movement where Mozart attempted several versions of the third variation without ever attaining a resolution. The very full orchestration, the largest forces Mozart ever wrote for in a concerto, is commensurate with the size and power of the work -- flute, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpani, and strings.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Larghetto
    3. Allegretto

    Appears On

    Year Title / Performer Label / Catalog # AllMusic Rating
    2019
    Avie
    AV 2404
    2019
    Canary Classics
    CC 18
    2018
    Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    PH 18018
    2018
    Naxos
    8573736
    2017
    IDIS
    IDIS 6720
    2017
    Mirare
    MIR 316
    2017
    Sony Classical
    88985416702
    2017
    Deutsche Grammophon
    0028947980
    2017
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2016
    ABC Classics
    4812870
    2016
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4795805
    2016
    Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution
    88875173752
    2016
    ABC Classics
    2016
    Praga / Praga Digitals
    PRD 250359
    2016
    Warner Classics
    0190295974923
    2015
    Sony Classical
    88875032222
    2015
    MDG / MDG Gold
    MDG 3401900
    2014
    BIS
    BIS 1978
    2014
    Warner Classics
    2564633625
    2014
    Guild Historical
    GHCD 2405
    2014
    Hyperion
    CDA 68049
    2014
    Archiv Produktion / Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2014
    RCA Red Seal
    88843006072
    2014
    Masterworks / Sony Classical
    88843082532
    2014
    Sony Classical
    88843082522
    2013
    Signum Classics
    SIGCD 321
    2013
    BIS
    BIS 9043
    2013
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2013
    Doron Music
    4018
    2013
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4785696
    2013
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2013
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2012
    Sony Classical
    88725413592
    2012
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4790913
    2012
    EMI Classics
    2012
    MDG / Zebralution
    2012
    MDG
    MDG 9401737
    2012
    Sony Classical
    88691912562
    2012
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2012
    Deutsche Grammophon
    4779529
    2012
    First Hand Records
    FHR 15
    2012
    Concerto / Zebralution
    2011
    RCA Red Seal
    886919369120
    2011
    TransArt / Transart Live
    TR156
    2011
    Decca
    478 269-5
    2011
    Decca
    4782695
    2011
    Haenssler / Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler
    HAEN 94603
    2011
    Piano Classics
    PLC0008
    2011
    Alto
    ALC 1167
    2011
    BIS
    BISSACD 1894
    2011
    PentaTone Classics
    PTC 5186500
    2011
    Document / Membran
    223548321
    2011
    Documents / Membran
    233082
    2011
    EtCetera Records
    KTC1424
    2010
    Fab Four
    233113
    2010
    Decca
    4782541
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    EMI Classics
    6483382
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Naïve
    V 5184
    2010
    Classical Records
    116
    2010
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    2010
    Decca / Philips
    UCGD-9014
    2010
    Appian Publications / APR (Appian)
    5640
    2010
    Decca
    14538
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Denon Records
    2010
    Decca
    2010
    Bridge
    9328
    2010
    APR (Appian)
    7303
    2010
    Berlin Classics
    0300035
    2010
    Cambria
    1174
    2009
    Haenssler
    98541
    2009
    Audite
    21404
    2009
    Denon Records
    00795041941022
    2009
    EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    5099926508
    2009
    Various Artists
    Haenssler
    98537
    2009
    Various Artists
    Brilliant Classics
    9014
    2009
    Decca
    478 1524DH
    2009
    Sony Classical
    46519
    2009
    Denon Records
    00795041942166
    2009
    Denon Records
    2008
    Doremi Records
    7933-5
    2008
    RCO Live
    08005
    2008
    Madacy
    53973
    2008
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    80733
    2008
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    5099920610
    2008
    Urania
    22363
    2008
    EMI Classics
    229232
    2008
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    41519
    2008
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    8016
    2008
    Various Artists
    Berlin Classics
    0184452BC
    2008
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    2008
    Corona Records
    0002462CCC
    2008
    Avie
    2175
    2008
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    0010994
    2008
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    1274
    2008
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    464718
    2008
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    0002292CCC
    2008
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    Brilliant Classics
    93669
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    8553064
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    5099951203
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    4646602
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    1193
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    2617
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    4758202
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    EMI Classics
    385260
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    0946382879
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    Verdi Music
    32147
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    10-2
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    65467
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    5186305
    2007
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    46
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    87894
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    825760
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    640110
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    41812
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    40078
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    4249
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    7743-5
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    10
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    4757306
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    53211
    2006
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    901942
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    1067
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    4009
    2006
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    2006
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    2894775214
    2006
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    87230
    2006
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    92866
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    2006
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    CD1182
    2006
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    1179
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    99668
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    256462332-2
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    92541
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    82124
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    2005
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    76884
    2005
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    2005
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    TR126
    2005
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    1265
    2005
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    4011
    2005
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    61919
    2005
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    82876640112
    2005
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    ARBITER145
    2005
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    92540
    2004
    Archipel Records
    98
    2004
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    2070
    2004
    Virgin
    62259
    2004
    Lion Music Ltd. / Lion
    LMC 089CD
    2004
    BIS
    1237
    2004
    Thorofon
    CTH 2496
    2004
    High Definition Classics
    043
    2004
    Dynamic
    452
    2004
    Urania
    4226
    2004
    Virgin Veritas
    62343
    2004
    Elatus
    2564613582
    2004
    Archipel
    0194
    2004
    Teldec / Warner Classics / Warner Music
    4613982
    2004
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    92388
    2004
    Vox
    3609
    2004
    Golden Melodram
    40071
    2003
    Decca
    000150702
    2003
    Golden Melodram
    40066
    2003
    Meridian Records
    84486
    2003
    Decca
    475 181-2
    2003
    Marc Aurel Edition
    005
    2003
    Various Artists
    Brilliant
    99720
    2003
    Various Artists
    Andante
    1120
    2003
    Doremi Records
    7828
    2003
    Artemis Classics
    1185
    2002
    Harmonia Mundi
    2905255/59
    2002
    Classica d'Oro
    3031
    2002
    Decca
    468491
    2002
    Erato / Virgin
    7243545504
    2002
    Deutsche Grammophon
    469510
    2002
    Maestro Celebre
    052179
    2001
    Sony Music Distribution
    28887
    2001
    Dutton Laboratories
    9714
    2001
    Testament
    1222
    2001
    Sony Classical Essential Classics
    63037
    2001
    Archiv Produktion
    463111
    2001
    Sony Music Distribution
    89500
    2000
    Music & Arts
    4863
    2000
    Philips
    464800
    2000
    Arkadia
    78565
    2000
    Teldec
    21037
    2000
    Audite
    95453
    2000
    TRA
    43
    2000
    Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Distribution
    457759
    2000
    Orfeo
    536001
    2000
    Rca Red Seal
    63061
    2000
    Music & Arts
    1054
    2000
    Music & Arts
    CD1054
    2000
    VAI Audio
    1192-2
    1999
    Music & Arts
    632
    1999
    Pearl
    0042
    1999
    Philips
    462232
    1999
    Philips
    462622
    1999
    Decca
    1999
    Nonesuch
    79489
    1999
    Haenssler
    98351
    1999
    RCA Red Seal
    63000
    1999
    Philips
    456811
    1998
    APR (Appian)
    5524
    1998
    Philips
    456826
    1998
    Point Classics
    2672162
    1997
    Channel Classics
    0194
    1997
    Channel Productions
    2591
    1997
    London
    452 888-2DCS
    1997
    London
    452958
    1997
    Michele Audio
    1006
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    London
    443727
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    Hallmark Recordings
    35063
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    Reference Recordings
    68
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    Haenssler
    98955
    1995
    Infinity Digital
    61994
    1995
    Music & Arts
    CD-872
    1995
    BIS
    323/24
    1995
    Art of Classics
    885908
    1995
    Kontrapunkt
    32199
    1995
    Royal Records
    6449
    1995
    IMP Classics
    2007
    1995
    Deutsche Grammophon
    439699
    1995
    Classical Creations
    820547
    1994
    Music & Arts
    CD-863
    1994
    Philips
    1994
    Naxos
    506002
    1994
    Infinity Digital
    64333
    1994
    Naxos
    550204
    1994
    Chandos
    CHAN9326
    1994
    Philips
    442269
    1994
    Philips
    1993
    Philips
    438207
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    Teldec
    75715
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    46441
    1992
    Sony Music Distribution
    52626
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    Telarc Distribution
    80306
    1991
    Teldec
    72024
    1991
    Archiv Produktion
    431211
    1990
    Music & Arts
    CD-632
    1990
    Philips
    420867
    1990
    Philips
    422507
    1990
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    425791
    1990
    Deutsche Grammophon
    429001
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    Philips
    422331
    1988
    Otello
    1011
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    Deutsche Grammophon
    431279
    1987
    CBS Records
    42242
    1987
    CBS Records
    38523
    1984
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    412 254-2PH
    1980
    Tahra
    212
    BBC Music Magazine
    78
    Excelsior Recordings
    048
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    11
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    297
    Winterthur
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    4218
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    35
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    6592
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    311157
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    92627
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    5033962
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    60989
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    79
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    2591
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