Max Bruch

Kol Nidrei, for cello & orchestra, Op. 47

    Description by James Leonard

    German composer Max Bruch subtitled his Kol Nidrei "An Adagio on Hebrew Themes for Cello and Orchestra." Composed in 1881, the work is based on two Jewish themes that Bruch described as "first-class." "The first is an age-old Hebrew song of atonement, the second (D major) is the middle section of a moving and truly magnificent song 'O Weep for Those That Wept on Babel's Stream' (setting words by the English poet Byron), equally very old. I got to know both melodies in Berlin, where I had much to do with the children of Israel in the Choral Society," wrote the composer. However, as has been pointed out by Jewish musicians and scholars since the work's premiere, Bruch's secular treatment of the themes hardly qualifies his Kol Nidrei as a piece of Jewish music. As Bruch himself recognized, his Kol Nidrei is no more a Jewish work than his Scottish Fantasy is a Scottish work. In both works, Bruch treated the themes as folk tunes that he took as themes for art music compositions. Bruch was, nevertheless, a master at transforming his "folk tunes" into art music, but still retaining their folk elements. The combination of Bruch's late Romantic expressive harmonies and his Jewish themes created a work of great power and beauty that has maintained its place in the repertoire.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2019 Brilliant Classics BRI 95782
    2018 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 18017
    2018 Centaur Records CRC 3623
    2018 Rubicon RCD 1028
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295775155
    2017 Decca
    2017 Skarbo DSK 4176
    2017 NEOS NEOS 21602
    2017 Genuin GEN 17448
    2016 Farao Classics B 108089
    2016 Pan Classics PC 10354
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 Menuetto Classics
    2015 Savoy UMI_00795041610
    2015 Savoy UMI_00795041610
    2015 Finlandia 2564603442
    2015 Capriccio Records C 5222
    2015 K-Tel 135923
    2015 RCA Red Seal / Sony Classical 88875165192
    2015 Brilliant Classics 94934BR
    2014 Sony Classical 88843047122
    2014 Naxos Digital Compilations 900203
    2014 Aliud Records AUC~SACD 59
    2014 Paschen Records PR 140028
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon 4792936
    2013
    14
    Deutsche Grammophon B 001819602
    2013
    14
    Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Regis Records RRC 1193
    2013 Erato 5099961581029
    2012 BBC Radio Collection / Hyperion CDA 67910
    2012 Danica DCD 8222
    2012 Danica DCD 8231/32
    2012 Decca
    2012 Decca
    2012 Decca 001759202
    2012 Decca / Mercury Living Presence 001653302
    2012 Cube Bohemia / Cube-Bohemia CBCD 21249
    2012 Newton Classics 8802135
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2012 Warner Classics 2564659589
    2012 Teldec / Warner Classics 2564659589
    2011 Regent REGCD 364
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94098
    2011 Buda Musique 860202
    2011 Ars Produktion ARS38090
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908216120
    2010 Guild 7338
    2010 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 509996886272
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Rhymoi 12
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon 4778167
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996427
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099969525
    2009 Denon Records 00795041940865
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2009 Denon Records 00795041947628
    2009 Hungaroton 32645
    2009 Decca
    2009 Decca 001267302
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Centaur Records 2988
    2009 Rhymoi 012
    2009 Danacord 667/68
    2008 Jade / Milan
    2008 Jade 36345
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 EMI Classics 09442
    2008 Warner Classics
    2008 EMI Classics 586597
    2008 Basso-Profondo / Basso-Profundo 101
    2008 Decca 4780096
    2007 Classic Mania 93320
    2007 Amado Classics 4000
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099950416
    2007 Sony Classical Essential Classics 713065
    2006 Zuk Records 321
    2006 Cavalli 253
    2006 Finlandia
    2006 Vanguard Classics 1882
    2006 Philips 4761186
    2006 Haenssler 98212
    2006 Madacy 52221
    2006 Philips 000748202
    2006 VAI Audio 1264
    2006 Brilliant Classics 99386
    2005 Pavane 7457
    2005 EMI Classics
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    2005 EMI Music Distribution 62953
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Mercury 4756608
    2005 Living Era 8557
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Amabile 14
    2005 Virgin Classics 45664
    2005 Opus KURA 2002
    2005 Dutton Vocalion 9748
    2005 Disques XXI 21525
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 57750
    2004 Decca
    2004 London/Decca / Decca 2334
    2004 Madacy 3641
    2004 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 562952-2
    2004 Opus KURA 2043
    2004 Signum Classics / Signum UK 505
    2004 Mark Custom Recording 5050
    2004 Philips / Philips 000167802
    2003 Deutsche Schallplatten 1066
    2003 Biddulph Recordings LAB017
    2003 Classic FM 32
    2003 Naxos Historical 8110972
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 000020902
    2002 Delos 3305
    2002 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243557293
    2002 ASV 1133
    2002 Classica d'Oro 4007
    2002 Leggiero 101
    2002 London / MCA 43811
    2002 Classica d'Oro 9003
    2002 Brilliant 99758
    2001 Naxos 555764
    2001 RCA 63292
    2001 Fono Enterprise 1023
    2001 Music & Arts 1075
    2001 CBC Records 5105
    2001 Channel Classics 16501
    2001 Channel Classics 16598
    2000 Madacy 9157
    2000 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Distribution 457761
    2000 Decca
    2000 Decca 466710
    2000 RCA 63665
    2000 Koch Schwann 365602
    1999 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243565955
    1999 Danacord 330
    1999 Philips 462588
    1999 Pearl GEM0051
    1999 Biddulph Recordings LAB141
    1999 Celestial Harmonies 199102
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 4273232
    1999 Grammofono 2000 78858
    1999 Celestial Harmonies 13162
    1997 Point 265022
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 62876
    1997 ASV / Quicksilva 6186
    1997 Biddulph Recordings 144
    1997 Biddulph Recordings 143
    1997 Aca Digital 20051
    1997 Orfeo 443961
    1997 Point Classics 2688442
    1997 Biddulph Recordings 07778
    1996 Madacy 9953
    1996 Calla 507
    1996 EMI Music Distribution 56126
    1996 Madacy 4979
    1995 ZYX Music 4165
    1995 Madacy 0502
    1995 Madacy Distribution / Madacy MSB 2 8702
    1995 Finlandia 95605
    1995 Madacy 8707
    1995 St. Clair 14152
    1995 St. Clair 14112
    1995 Gallo 692
    1995 Delos 3188
    1995 Naxos 550519
    1995 Dorian 90208
    1994 Celestial Harmonies 1835502
    1994 Madacy Distribution / Madacy MSB2-8702
    1994
    Duo
    Klavier Records 11043
    1994 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 7243568132
    1994 Justice 1801
    1994 Pearl 9077
    1993 EBS 6060
    1993 Pearl 9935
    1993 London 440084
    1993 Pearl 9349
    1993 Crystal Records Dist. 510
    1992 Deutsche Grammophon 435781
    1992 Celestial Harmonies 14052
    1992 Doron Music 3003
    1991 RCA Victor 60757
    1990 EMI Music Distribution 63498
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429155
    1990 Mercury 432001
    1990 RCA 60112
    1989 Deutsche Grammophon
    EXT 3003
    Excelsior Recordings 4278
    Pearl 9332
    Point 2650222
    Digital Masterworks 71813
    Amado Classics 04007
    Sony Music Distribution 71013
    EXT 3005
    Excelsior Recordings 4261
    Digital Concerto 686
    Musique d'Or 1033
    Philips 420873
    Grand Gala 2137
    London 410144
    Fono Enterprise 99329
    Fono Enterprise 99354
    Avie 2149
    Lys 184
    Nicholas Szucs
    Biddulph Recordings LAB037
    BMG 68368
    Monopoly 2006
    Aura Classics 0242
    Fono Enterprise 99371
    Magic Talent 48072
    Monopoly 2024
    Edel Records 45096/2
    Mark Custom Recording 3748
    Brilliant 91079
    Forum Records 46205758
    Accord 205462
    Eclipse Records 2688442
    Classic FM 116
    Biddulph Recordings 08182
    EXLB 4802
    Excelsior Recordings 4802