Frédéric Chopin

Etude for piano No. 24 in C minor, Op. 25/12, CT. 37

    Description by Blair Johnston

    Ten of the twelve études published as Frédéric Chopin's Opus 25 were actually composed at the same time as the Twelve Études, Op.10; only the first and last pieces of the Opus 25 collection (published in 1837) were put together at a later date. Opinion on the relative merit of the two sets has varied throughout the last two centuries (some, such as the Hungarian pianist and composer Stephen Heller, a contemporary of Chopin's, see the Opus 25 Etudes as clearly superior to the Opus 10 group, while Robert Schumann is known to have preferred the earlier publication), both collections occupy vital positions within the pianist's repertoire, and, when viewed collectively, we can find examples of almost every facet of pianistic technique and expression. Like the Opus 10 etudes, those of Opus 25 are very much intended for serious concert performance, and not solely for the virtuosic display of technique.

    The Opus 25 group concludes with a work of almost elemental power: the Étude in C minor, Op.25, No.12, occasionally called the "Ocean" Étude. Great waves of arpeggiations run throughout the work, in both hands. The passionate extremes are pronounced, and there is an almost Beethovenian ruggedness throughout. Where the "Winter Wind" Étude is an example of extreme pianism, here one senses Chopin, for a brief time, escaping from the sound-world of his beloved piano and concocting a mixture of a much more orchestral conception, if not execution. Few pianists can maintain the powerful tone of this final Étude without the performance degenerating into an unhappy exercise in pianistic bombast.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 18041
    2017 Eudora EUDSACD 1703
    2017 Centaur Records CRC 3516
    2016 Sony Classical 88875119792
    2016 Classic FM CFMD 41
    2015 MSR Classics MS 1502
    2015 Warner Classics 0825646052400
    2014 IFO IFO 00221
    2013 Doremi Records DHR 79945
    2013 AAO Music PWM 71252
    2012 Teldec 2564664684
    2012 EMI Classics 21233
    2012 Decca / Universal
    2012 APR (Appian) APR 6010
    2011 Erato
    2011 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099908402
    2011 Fidelio / Fidelio Audio FACD 034
    2011 Amarylli Fridegotto
    2011 ABC Classics 4764593
    2010 ICS 7000
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 Supraphon SU4013
    2009 Harmonia Mundi 90205
    2009 Cascavelle 3129
    2009 X5 Music Group 15582
    2009 Dal Segno 026
    2008 Telos TLS070
    2008 Klavier Records 11096
    2008 Cembal d'amour 132
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4776656
    2008 Ionian / Ionian Productions 2986
    2008 Dal Segno 023
    2007 Dal Segno 031
    2007 Decca
    2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon
    2007 Dal Segno 018
    2006 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 41429
    2006 Aca Digital 20089
    2006 SPJ Music 97017
    2006 Virgin Classics 338171
    2005 Andante AN1190
    2004 Praga 54056
    2004 Red House Records REDHOUSE 001
    2004 Naïve V 4976
    2003 Virgin 545572
    2003 Nosag Records 069
    2002 Vox 90110
    2002 Praga 356020-34
    2002 Ondine ODE10082
    1999 The Piano Library 245
    1999 Opal 9861
    1999 Philips 456 985-2PM2
    1999 Philips 454987
    1998 Decca 4603222
    1998 Arbiter 114
    1998 Marston 53002
    1998 Nimbus 8814
    1997 Fleurs de Lys 3080
    1996 RCA 68164
    1996 Carlton 00142
    1996 Praga 354001.15
    1995 Connoisseur Society 4197
    1995 Philips 438620
    1995 Tall Poppies 062
    1994 Madacy 1050
    1994 Philips 442464
    1994 Madacy 9108
    1992 Pearl GEMMCDS9972
    1977 RCA Victrola 60015
    Pearl 9993
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    Selene 980541
    Madrigal Audio
    Hugo Goldenzweig
    Pearl 9957
    High Definition Classics 087
    Philips Classics 454168
    dB Productions 56
    EXL 31111
    Virgin Classics 094635706529