Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Divertimento for string quartet (or string orchestra) in F major ("Salzburg Symphony No. 3"), K. 138 (K. 125c)

    Description by Michael Morrison

    In early 1772, Mozart had not yet officially composed in the very young string quartet format. This event would have to await his discovery of the quartets of Joseph Haydn in 1773, when he would revel in these and turn out in short order his first six, K. 168 through 173. Nevertheless, he was, as he had always been, comfortable writing for small groups of instruments, and this work is in fact scored specifically for four string parts. It is customarily performed by an ensemble, and its format, in three movements with no minuet, adheres more closely to the form of a typical Italian sinfonia than to the later string quartet. Composed as the last of three like works, it is the product of the last days of the life of his beneficent patron, Count Schrattenbach, Archbishop of Salzburg, and is buoyant and lively in the extreme. At this point in his life, Mozart was bouncing back and forth between Salzburg and Italy at his father's side, and any distraction at the forces tugging him from several directions would be understandable. Now a teenager, he was prodded on the one hand to compose and comport himself in competition with the established composers of the day, and on the other hand it was still expected -- by Leopold, at any rate -- that his youth would stand him in good stead as a child prodigy. What happened instead during these months and years is that his youth no longer carried so much attraction, and in his inexperience he began to embroil himself in shifty intrigues on the part of those jealous of his immense talent. The F major divertimento betrays none of this, and fairly sparkles with enthusiasm and wit. Throughout it is more complex, sophisticated, and richly scored than the typical divertimenti of the time.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Andante
    3. Presto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2017 BIS BIS 2236
    2015 Hungaroton HCD 32752
    2014 Harmonia Mundi HMA 1951809
    2014 La Dolce Volta LDV 279
    2013 Bella Musica
    2013 Music & Melody / ZYX MUS 50172
    2013 Aliud Records ACDBE 0682
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2011 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099907092220
    2011 Erato
    2011 Erato
    2011 ZYX CLA 101162
    2011 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2010 Philips
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 4778680
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 477 868-0
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Raumklang 2705
    2008 JVC Compact Discs 24033
    2008 Decca / Deutsche Grammophon
    2008 ZYX Music 10319
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Coviello Classics 30603
    2007 Warner Music 514426320
    2007 ZYX Music 555352
    2007 Apex
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2006 Delta Distribution 55990
    2006 First Impression Music 71
    2006 Harmonia Mundi 2961809
    2006 Capriccio Records 68103
    2006 Berlin Classics 0013802
    2006 Philips
    2006 Brilliant 92869
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000649302
    2005 Delta Distribution 15861
    2005 Warner Classics 2564623352
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4775436
    2005 Audiophile Classics 101530
    2005 Harmonia Mundi 987060
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Laserlight 27776
    2004 Harmonia Mundi 901809
    2004 Artemis Classics 1510
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 Golden Classics / Madacy 5288
    2004 Tacet 136
    2003 Delta Distribution 40039
    2003 Delta Distribution 40024
    2003 CPO 999810
    2003 Brilliant 99733
    2003 Berlin Classics 0011412
    2002 Calliope 3241-8
    2001 T-Rax B49
    2001 T-Rax B45
    2001 Berlin Classics 0017132
    2001 Music Digital 40502
    2001 Capriccio Records 51030
    2001 St. Clair 7346
    2000 Capriccio Records 49514
    2000 Delta Distribution 49385
    2000 Philips 464 790-2PB11
    2000 Amadis 7013
    2000 Praga 250138
    2000 Basic 026
    2000 Naxos 553225
    2000 Linn Records 001
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 423212
    1999 Chandos 9045
    1999 Madacy 8425
    1998 Intim Musik 041
    1998 Arte Nova 27790
    1998 Delta Distribution 11527
    1998 London 458310
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63272
    1997 Calliope 9241/8
    1997 Calliope 9246/8
    1997 Calliope 9248
    1997 Capriccio Records 49176
    1996 Koch Discover International 920355
    1996 Collins Records 13782
    1996 Camerata Records 32CM119
    1996 Arts Music 47359
    1995 Infinity Digital 61994
    1995 Denon Records CO-75597
    1995 Classical Creations 820504
    1995 ZYX Classics 4004
    1995 Madacy 5601
    1994 Capriccio Records 10153
    1994 BIS 506
    1994 Madacy 1035
    1994 Naxos 550108
    1994 Naxos 550543
    1994 Infinity Digital 64332
    1993 Disques Pierre Verany 787102
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 47672
    1990 Delta Distribution 15850
    1990 Laserlight 35860
    1990 Philips 422504
    1990 Erato 45471
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 429805
    1990 Laserlight 15647
    1988 London 417741
    1988 Deutsche Grammophon
    1987 Philips 420712
    Philips 422500
    Finlandia
    Capriccio Records 10900
    Capriccio Records 10904
    Ton 4 03029
    Ades 13232
    Newport Classic 60137
    Brilliant 92627
    Brilliant Classics 93669/27
    Brilliant 92627/1
    Brilliant 92388/27
    Brilliant 99733/1
    Philips 412740
    BBC Music Magazine 233
    Donau 8013
    Laserlight 15861
    RCA 60066
    Omega Music Poland 1004
    Pro-Arte Records 0579
    Russian Compact Disc (RCD) 30201
    DeAgostini 951B
    Monolit 715391645
    Philips 412120
    Discover 920288
    Lydian 18013
    Delta Distribution 35850
    K-Tel Distribution 1000
    Decca 475 8052DB5
    Pilz 446411-2