The Shadows

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There have been numerous groups named the Shadows: Bobby Vee's first vocal group was called the Shadows, for instance, and Cliff Richard's backing band, the Shadows, began recording on their own in 1960,…
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There have been numerous groups named the Shadows: Bobby Vee's first vocal group was called the Shadows, for instance, and Cliff Richard's backing band, the Shadows, began recording on their own in 1960, scoring a major hit with the instrumental song "Apache." There was also a late '40s/early '50s vocal quartet in the style of their inspiration, the Ink Spots, but despite numerous attempts, did not have any hits.

Scott King, Jasper Edwards, Sam McClure, and Ray Reed had been performing in the New York City and Philadelphia club circuit without much success when, in late 1949, a former officer in the U.S. Army named Ed Levy was impressed with their sound and offered to become their manager. Levy shortly secured a recording contract for the group with Lee Records, one of the many small New York independents that were starting up in the late '40s.

The Shadows' first single, "I've Been a Fool," failed to break out, however, and the follow-up, "You Are Closer to My Heart Than My Shadow," failed to ignite any interest in the group, though it was later covered by the Delta Rhythm Boys. After Levy was called back to military service with the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, the Shadows moved over to the Sittin' in With label, who were based in Los Angeles. In October 1950, the SIW label issued a new single, but after fulfilling their contractual commitments, the group decided to call it quits. Two-and-a-half-years later -- in June of 1953 --- Decca Records signed Scott King & the Shadows, who had not recorded in three years. The label had seen the growing interest in R&B music and watched New York-based Atlantic (and others) move into R&B successfully, so it followed suit. Unfortunately, both singles failed to sell and by the end of the year, the Shadows decided to call it a day.