Lonelady's Julie Campbell began her forays into art punk by making four-track recordings with her guitar and drum machine in 2004. Her first single, Hi Ho Bastard/Fear No More, was released by Filthy Home Records in summer 2005; its raw yet atmospheric sound drew comparisons to Scout Niblett as well as rave reviews. That fall, Lonelady issued the Have No Past EP and began playing solo gigs around Manchester; her first show outside of the area was a showcase at 2006's South by Southwest festival. In 2007, Lonelady inaugurated Too Pure's singles club with Early the Haste Comes/Joy; released in a limited edition of 500 copies, it marked the band's first sessions in an official studio. After signing to Warp and releasing the limited-edition single Immaterial, Campbell issued her critically acclaimed debut album, Nerve Up, in early 2010. The following year, she collaborated with Jah Wobble and Keith Levene on the album Psychic Life. While writing her second album, Campbell built her home studio Concrete Retreat and drew inspiration from Manchester's decaying industrial landscapes as well as Parliament/Funkadelic, Arthur Russell and Prince. Recorded at Benton Harbor, Michigan's Key Club studio, Lonelady's second album, Hinterland, arrived in 2015.