Cited as one of the driving forces behind the ultra-bleak, black metal subgenre depressive suicidal black metal (DSBM), Sweden's Lifelover
was formed in 2005 in Stockholm by Jonas Bergqvist and Kim Carlsson
. Bergqvist chose the deliberately ironic name Lifelover
after being having the phrase hurled at him by an acquaintance he particularly loathed. Combining elements of post-punk, goth rock, dark ambient, and doom metal, Lifelover
issued their debut album, Pulver
, via Goatowarex in 2006, followed by Erotik
(2008), and Sjukdom
(2011), the latter of which proved to be the band's last studio album as a result of the accidental overdose death of guitarist/co-founder Bergqvist.