b. 21 February 1895, New York City, New York, USA, d. 3 March 1966, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA. Fields was born into a showbusiness family, his father was Lew Fields, vaudeville star turned impresario. His younger brother was librettist Herbert Fields and his sister was songwriter Dorothy Fields. After graduation from university he served in the US Army during World War I and stayed on in Paris, France until the early 20s. He had begun writing for newspapers and magazines and on his return to New York began working for Florenz Ziegfeld. Often in collaboration with Jerome Chodorov, he wrote musical comedies for the stage and screenplays for Hollywood films. Among his stage credits, mostly in collaboration, are the 1940 show My Sister Eileen, later adapting it as the musical, Wonderful Town (1953, for which he won two Tony Awards with collaborator Jerome Chodorov), Junior Miss (1951), Anniversary Waltz (1954), The Ponder Heart (1955), and The Tunnel Of Love (1957). His biggest stage successes were Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1949, with Anita Loos), and Flower Drum Song (1958, with Joshua Logan). His screenplay credits include The Big Shot (1931), $1, 000 A Minute (1935), Fools For Scandal (1938), The Girl From Mexico (1939), Mexican Spitfire (1940), Louisiana Purchase (1942), A Night In Casablanca (1946), and The Farmer Takes A Wife (1953). He also worked on adaptations of several of his stage plays for the screen, including My Sister Eileen (1942), Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), and Flower Drum Song (1961).
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