Joe Lovano is a highly expressive improvisor whose lithe, swinging style incorporates traditional bop influences with modal and free devices. A Cleveland native, Lovano first came to prominence in the early '90s, and issued a handful of highly regarded albums for Blue Note, including 1993's Universal Language, 1996's Celebrating Sinatra, and 2000's 52nd Street Themes, the latter of which took home the Grammy Award for Best Large Ensemble Jazz Album. He has remained at the forefront of post-bop jazz, ably paying homage to his idols, such as on 2011's Charlie Parker-inspired Bird Songs, and recording with like-minded contemporaries on Sound Prints: Scandal with trumpeter Dave Douglas.
Born Joseph Salvatore Lovano in 1952 in Cleveland, Ohio, Lovano was first introduced to the saxophone via his father, respected Cleveland saxophonist Tony "Big T" Lovano. Along with his father's instruction, Lovano would hear many of the prominent jazz artists who passed through town, including Dizzy Gillespie, James Moody, Sonny Stitt, and Rahsaan Roland Kirk. He progressed quickly and began playing in local jam sessions while still in his teens. Although steeped in the bebop tradition, he also developed an interest experimental jazz of the '60s, listening to such musicians as John Coltrane, Jimmy Giuffre, and Ornette Coleman. Following high school, Lovano honed his skills at Boston's Berklee School of Music, where he brushed shoulders with such future collaborators as John Scofield, Bill Frisell, and Kenny Werner.
Lovano found work with organists Lonnie Smith and Jack McDuff. He also toured with Woody Herman from 1976 to 1979, after which he settled in New York City. There, he joined drummer Mel Lewis' Village Vanguard Orchestra (playing with the band from 1980 to 1992). During this period, he also worked with Elvin Jones, Carla Bley, Lee Konitz, Charlie Haden, and Bob Brookmeyer, among others. Beginning in 1981, he was a regular member of drummer Paul Motian's band (which included his Berklee classmate Frisell), and played with guitarist John Scofield's quartet. In 1985, Lovano made his recorded debut as a leader with Tones, Shapes & Colors on the Soul Note label, playing alongside pianist Ken Werner, bassist Dennis Irwin, and drummer Lewis. A handful of albums followed for the label including 1987's One Time Out and 1988's Village Rhythm.
Lovano's profile began to rise after he signed with Blue Note, making his debut for the label with 1991's From the Soul, a hard-hitting quartet date with pianist Michel Petrucciani, bassist Dave Holland, and drummer Ed Blackwell. The similarly swinging Landmarks arrived later that year, and featured guitarist John Abercrombie, pianist Ken Werner, bassist Marc Johnson, and drummer Bill Stewart. Lovano then featured his wife, vocalist Judi Silvano, on 1992's Universal Language, and picked up his first Grammy nomination for 1993's Tenor Legacy. Silvano also contributed to 1994's Rush Hour. The saxophonist's 1995 album, Quartets: Live at the Village Vanguard, picked up yet another Grammy nomination, and was named Jazz Album of the Year by readers of Down Beat magazine. He then paid homage to the work of vocalist Frank Sinatra on 1996's Celebrating Sinatra (on which Judi Silvano also appeared).
52nd Street Themes, in which he interpreted the music of bop-era stalwarts like Tadd Dameron, Charlie Parker, and Thelonious Monk. Lovano then drew from his Italian heritage, playing music associated with legendary opera tenor Enrico Caruso on 2001's Viva Caruso. In 2004, he released the ballads album I'm All for You, featuring pianist Hank Jones. Jones was also on board for 2005's Joyous Encounter, which included bassist George Mraz and drummer Paul Motian.
Streams of Expression appeared in 2006 and featured the five-part "Streams of Expression Suite" and the three-part "Birth of the Cool Suite" (conducted by Gunther Schuller), the latter of which drew inspiration from Miles Davis' 1948-1950 Nonet recordings. Lovano again paired with Jones for 2007's Kids: Duets Live at Dizzy's Club Coca-Cola, and joined the WDR Big Band and Rundfunk Orchestra for 2008's Symphonica. Folk Art arrived in 2009 and featured his Us Five quintet. Two years later, he celebrated his 20-year association with Blue Note by releasing the Charlie "Yardbird" Parker tribute album Bird Songs. He then returned in 2012 with his third album featuring the Us Five quintet, Cross Culture.
Lovano paired with trumpeter Dave Douglas to form the Sound Print quintet, issuing the Wayne Shorter-inspired album Live at the Monterey Jazz Festival. Another live date, originally captured at the 2005 Newport Jazz Festival, surfaced the following year as the Blue Note album Classic! Live at Newport. It featured the late Hank Jones (who passed in 2010), as well as bassist Mraz and drummer Lewis Nash. In 2017, Lovano collaborated with fellow saxophonist David Liebman on the tribute album Compassion: The Music of John Coltrane. The following year, he reunited with Douglas for Sound Print's second album and first studio recording, Scandal. An ECM date, Trio Tapestry, with pianist Marilyn Crispell and longtime associate Cleveland drummer Carmen Castaldi, arrived in 2019.