A successful Tanzanian businessman, Hugo Kisima used much of his wealth to develop and manage bands including Orchestra Safari Sound (OSS) and International Orchestra Safari Sound (IOSS). Kisima's greatest success came shortly after the disbanding of OSS in 1985; hiring six members of Mlimani Park, including vocalist Muhiddin Maalim, lead guitarist Abel Balthazar, and lead vocalist and composer Hassani Bitchuka to form IOSS. The group soon became one of the top acts in Tanzania and helped launch a dance craze, mtindo ndekule, which Maalim had based on the traditional snake charmer's dance. The success was short-lived, however. Two years after Bitchuka left to re-join Mlimani Park, in 1987, Maalim followed. Their departure was soon followed by Balthazar and vocalist Skassy Kassambula, who left to form a new band, the Magareza Jazz Band. IOSS continued to perform with a constantly changing cast of performers. Although they had a nationwide hit, "Mageuzi (Changes)," in 1991 and 1992, under the leadership of Nguza Viking, they disbanded in 1993.
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