Folquet DeMarseille

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This French trouvere was classified as a merchant because of the monetary wealth his father shared with him. Left a rich man after his father's death Folquet served in the courts of Aragon, Nimes, Montpellier,…
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This French trouvere was classified as a merchant because of the monetary wealth his father shared with him. Left a rich man after his father's death Folquet served in the courts of Aragon, Nimes, Montpellier, was to some extent related to the third crusade, and became a Cistercian monk around 1201. Later he became the Bishop of Toulouse and the co-founder of the Dominican order having protected St. Dominic in Toulouse. His name is among only a few other troubadours in Dante's "Divine Comedy" and is the only one to be mentioned in the "Paradiso". 29 poems are extant carrying ascriptions to Folquet. Three of his songs served as models for later songs and his melodic formula is clearly discerned in his "Greu feira". The melody begins on a, ascends to b-flat, descends to g eventually ending on a lower pitch than the g. This formula may have been Folquet's contribution to a standardization of melodic formulae for medieval songs.