Edú Lobo was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1943; at 18 he formed his first trio with Dori Caymmi and the great Marcos Valle, and in 1962, he forged a long-term writing partnership with renowned lyricist Vinicius de Moraes. Drawing influence from bossa nova masters including Antonio Carlos Jobim, João Gilberto, and Baden Powell, Lobo released his debut LP, A Musica de Edú Lobo por Edú Lobo in 1963; that same year he also authored the music for Oduvaldo Vianna Filho's play Os Azerados Mais Os Benvidos, the first of many stage collaborations. The album Cinco Na Bossa, recorded with Nara Leão and the Tamba Trio, followed in 1965, the same year Lobo took top honors at the First Annual Brazilian Popular Musical Festival with his composition "Arrastão," a major hit for singer Elis Regina. (In 1967, he repeated the feat with "Ponteio.")
Edú followed before Lobo met Sergio Mendes in 1969, resulting in a contract with A&M Records for From the Hot Afternoon, which featured saxophonist Paul Desmond; by now a resident of Los Angeles, he toured with Mendes and Brasil 66 before resurfacing in 1971 with Sergio Mendes Presents Lobo, followed later that same year by Cantiga de Longe. Upon returning to Brazil, Lobo focused his energies on composing for films before returning to the studio for 1973's Missa Breve; he then spent the mid-'70s writing music for Globo, the world's fourth largest television network, including work on the hit series Caso Especial. 1976 saw the release of the LP Limite Das Aguas, with the widely acclaimed Camaleão appearing two years later; in 1979, Lobo's score to the feature Barra Pesada earned "Best Soundtrack" honors at the Gramado Film Festival.
Lobo inaugurated the '80s with a flurry of activity, following the LP Tempo Presente with the 1981 soundtrack Jogos de Danca (a work composed for the Ballet Guaira) as well as Tom e Edu, a collaboration with Antonio Carlos Jobim. In the wake of two more ballet scores, O Grande Circo Mistico and Gabriela, Lobo worked on a series of stage musicals -- Vargas, O Corsario do Rei, and Danca da Meia-Lua -- before finally returning to the studio in 1990 for the LP Serie Personalidade. Corrupião followed in 1993, and two years later he returned with Meia Noite. The score to the 1997 film Guerra de Canudos preceded Lobo's next project, the ambitious adaptation of Jo Soares' book A Samba for Sherlock; it was released in 2001 and followed the next year by Cambaio, a collaboration with Chico Buarque, Gal Costa, Lenine, and Zizi Possi.
Lobo spent the next five years writing for others, playing selective live shows and producing. When he finally did re-enter a studio, it was with Mauro Senise for the album Casa Forte, released in 2006 by Biscoito Fino. Two years later, Lobo appeared in a credited featured guest role on the Afonso Pais Trio's Subsequências. Tantas Marés was issued in 2010 and featured original compositions and covers of tunes by Buarque and Paulo César Pinheiro. Two years later, Edu Lobo & Metropole Orkest featured new compositions and well-known tunes from his repertoire. Essential Edu Lobo: A 70th Birthday Celebration was released in 2014 and featured guest spots from Buarque, Maria Bethania, Monica Salmaso, and Bena Lobo, his son. After a long touring celebration of the date, Lobo went back to writing for others and performing sporadically. 2017's Dos Navegantes, a collaborative effort with Senise and Romero Lubambo, won the Latin Grammy Award for Best MPB Album.