While most early Cuban bands were drawn to the dance music of Havana, Cuarteto Tipico Oriental was inspired more by the rural traditions of Cuba's guajira peasantry. The vision of Miguel Matamoras, Cuarteto Tipico Oriental featured the folk-like sounds of acoustic guitar, tres, maracas and bongos.
Formed in February 1945, Cuarteto Tipico Oriental continue to be popular more than half a century later. While they maintained a low profile for several decades, the group has been making a comeback fueled by the Buena Vista Social Club-inspired growth of Cuban music.
In addition to traditional habaneras and boleros, the repertoire of Cuarteto Tipico Oriental includes songs from nineteenth century Cuban theater.