b. 30 August 1867, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, d. 22 October 1936, Hollywood, California, USA. Having sung as a child, Caldwell became a member of a juvenile operatic company before turning her musical interests into what was then an unusual area of showbusiness for women: songwriting. Working in New York from 1907 onwards, Caldwell wrote song lyrics and librettos for musical comedies. Among dozens of shows on which she worked are The Lady Of The Slipper (1912), Chin Chin (1914), Pom-Pom (1916), Jack O’ Lantern (1917), The Canary (1918), She’s A Good Fellow (1919), Tip Top (1920), The Night Boat (1920), The Bunch And Judy (1922), The Cabaret Girl (1922), Stepping Stones (1923), The City Chap (1925), Criss Cross (1926), Oh, Please! (1926), and Three Cheers (1928). Among the composers to whose songs Caldwell contributed lyrics and which were sung in these and other shows are Hugo Felix (‘Kiss Me’), Otto Harbach (‘Cinderella Girl’, ‘She’s On Her Way’), Raymond Hubbell (‘Look At The World And Smile’), Jerome Kern (‘Once In A Blue Moon’, ‘Whose Baby Are You?’, ‘Left All Alone Again Blues’), Glen MacDonough (‘Raggedy Ann’, ‘Moon Of Love’), and Vincent Youmans (‘Like She Loves Me’, ‘Nicodemus’, ‘Blue Danube Blues’, ‘I Know That You Know’). Caldwell was a founder member of the American Society of Composer, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP).
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