Johnny Kidd & the Pirates were a British rock & roll band of the late '50s and early '60s. The night before a recording session for HMV Records in July 1959, Kidd, whose real name was Frederick Heath, wrote "Shakin' All Over." It was a simple song with lyrics detailing the effect that a woman had on her boyfriend; her simplest actions led to "quivers down the backbone," among other things. Kidd matched the lyric to descending guitar and bass lines that proved memorable. An early example of authentic British rock & roll, "Shakin' All Over" took a while to find its audience, but it entered the U.K. charts in June 1960 and hit number one in August. In the U.S., it went unheard, but it attracted attention in Canada. In 1965, the Canadian group Chad Allan & the Expressions recorded a cover version, but Quality, their record label, in an attempt to suggest that the disc had really been made by a famous British group, released it credited to "The Guess Who?" The same credit was given to the record when it appeared in the U.S. on Scepter Records, and it rose into the American Top 20. With Burton Cummings replacing Allan, the Canadian group retained the name the Guess Who and went on to further success. Meanwhile, "Shakin' All Over" became a much-recorded rock & roll standard, with the most prominent later version being the one heard on the Who's multi-platinum, Top Five album Live at Leeds in 1970.