Who could know back in 1965 that James Brown's two-minute King single "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" would be the start of a musical revolution. The track had a dubious beginning. Brown hadn't recorded for King Records for over a year, partly due to the legal skirmish that surrounded the singer. Brown had recorded sides for Mercury's Smash imprint, with the most successful being the Top 24 R&B/pop hit "Out of Sight." Recorded in February 1965 at Arthur Smith's recording studio in Charlotte, NC, during one of his tour stops, Brown built the song's tempo on the downbeat (instead of the standard two and four beats, "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" is on the first and third beat). On the session were drummer Melvin Parker, his brother, Maceo Parker, on baritone sax, guitarist Jimmy Nolan, organist/sax player Nat Jones, and the bass line was played by Sam Thomas or Bernard Odum. The horn section included St. Clair Pickney, Joe Dupars, Eldee Williams, Al Clark, Wilmer Milton, Ron Tooley, and Levi Rasbury. Nolan, Maceo Parker, and Pickney would become key players in helping to shape Brown's funky musical version in the coming years. When submitted to Syd Nathan of King Records, the track was over seven minutes long. Label engineer Ron Lenhoff edited and mixed the track down for single release. Written and produced by James Brown, "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" parked at number one R&B for eight weeks and went to number eight pop in summer 1965. The Papa's Got a Brand New Bag LP went to number two R&B/Top 26 pop and also included "Baby You're Right," "Mashed Potatoes," and "Have Mercy."