In 1962, Monty Norman wrote the instrumental title music for Dr. No, the first James Bond film, even though the score was written by John Barry. In 1963, noted musical theater composer Lionel Bart (Oliver!) wrote a title song for the second Bond film, From Russia With Love; Matt Monro, who sang the song on the soundtrack, took it into the U.K. Top 20, while the Village Stompers had a U.S. chart entry. By the time of the third Bond film, 1964's Goldfinger, Barry had enough clout to claim composing credits on the title song, while the lyrics were written by the hot musical theater team of Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley (Stop the World -- I Want to Get Off, The Roar of the Greasepaint -- The Smell of the Crowd). Like the Bond films, it was a melodramatic and subtly comic work, full of portentous orchestral effects and threatening lyrics about the evil genius of the title. Barry was a student of the Henry Mancini school of jazzy suspense film composing, to which he added his own orchestral flair. Shirley Bassey sang the song in a pull-out-the-stops manner under the opening credits, and the film, which opened just before Christmas, was a critical and commercial success. The soundtrack album topped the charts, and United Artists Records released both Bassey's vocal version and Barry's instrumental version of the title song as singles from it. The Bassey recording reached the Top Ten, while the Barry track, competing with two other instrumental recordings by Billy Strange and Jack LaForge, like them became a minor chart entry. "Goldfinger" established a pattern for the title songs of James Bond movies that would provide other memorable tunes, but it remains the best-known song associated with one of the films. It has been recorded in its instrumental form dozens of times, though few singers have attempted to compete with Bassey's bravura vocal performance.