Louis Armstrong

Black and Blue

Composed by Andy Razaf / Fats Waller / Harry Brooks

Song Review by

“Black and Blue” is deserved one of the best known collaborations by Fats Waller and Andy Razaf, written around the same time as another of their big hits, “Ain’t Misbehavin’,” for the musical Connie’s Hot Chocolates. Unlike the latter song, “Black and Blue” is a serious ballad about the suffering of Negroes in the 1920s. It was sung in the show by Edith Wilson to high critical praise. Louis Armstrong, who wasn’t in the original production of Connie’s Hot Chocolates but was later added, made “Black and Blue” part of his repertoire, first recording it in 1929, while numerous live recordings as late as 1965 have also been released. Although hundreds of artists have performed “Black and Blue” none had matched Armstrong’s effective vocals. Oddly enough, Waller never recorded this masterpiece himself and it was unfortunately one of a group of 18 songs (also including “Ain’t Misbehavin’”) which he sold outright for a pittance to publisher Irving Mills later that same year, losing out on what would have become considerable royalties from it.

Appears On

Year Artist/Album Label Time AllMusic Rating
No Image 1955 Columbia
The Great Chicago Concert 1956 1956 Gralin Music 3:52
Satchmo the Great [Columbia] 1956 Sony Music Distribution 2:36
Greatest Hits [Tristar] 1989 TriStar Music 4:38
The Louis Armstrong Collection, Vol. 5: Louis in New York 1990 Columbia 3:07
Jazz Collector Edition 1990 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 5:35
Masters of Jazz, Vols. 6-10 1992
Various Artists
Delta Distribution
20 Golden Pieces of Louis Armstrong & Friends 1993 Bulldog
The Best of the Blues [Legacy 348] 1994
Various Artists
Legacy 4:21
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man 1994 Sony Music Distribution 3:03
St. Louis Blues [Prime Cuts] 1994 Prime Cuts 3:32
Butter & Eggman 1995 Tomato 5:30
The Promised Land [Columbia] 1995
Original TV Soundtrack
Columbia / Sony Music Distribution 3:02
Golden Days of Jazz 1996
Various Artists
Forlane 5:36
Jammin' the Blues 1996
Various Artists
Blues Legends 4:12
What a Wonderful World [Jazz World] 1996 Jazz World 3:27
Struttin' [Drive Archive] 1996 Drive Archive 3:58
Louis Armstrong [Allegiance] 1996 Allegiance Records 3:26
The Louis Armstrong Songbook 1996 Boxsets 3:30
The Best of Boss Blues 1997
Various Artists
Quicksilver 4:21
This Is Jazz, Vol. 23: Louis Armstrong Sings 1997 Legacy / Sony Music Distribution 4:28
Jazz Collection [Laserlight] 1997 Laserlight 4:15
V-Disc Recordings 1997 Collectors' Choice Music 4:25
Carnegie Hall Concert 1947 1998 Ambassador 4:24
1946-1947 1998 Classics
Jazz Greats [Mastertone] 1998
Various Artists
Mastertone
The Ultimate Jazz Trumpet 1998
Various Artists
Ultimate Music Collection 4:13
Original Jazz Legends, Vol. 3: Salute to Gershwin [5CD] 1999
Various Artists
1201 Music 3:30
Jazz Ballads [Jazz World] 1999
Various Artists
Jazz World 3:28
The Jazz Singers [Jazz World] 1999
Various Artists
Jazz World 3:27
The Great Louis Armstrong [Platinum] 2000 Platinum Disc 4:14
Sweet Jazz 2000
Various Artists
Blues & Jazz 3:32
Body & Soul 2000 Columbia River Entertainment Group 4:14
20 Blues Classics 2000 Summit Records 4:14
Louis Armstrong [Delta] 2000 Delta Distribution 5:36
The Complete Hot Five and Hot Seven Recordings [Columbia/Legacy] 2000 JSP 3:03
The Great Satchmo 2000 Golden Stars 3:28
Forever Gold (Super Hits/St. Louis Blues) [Box] 2000 St. Clair 3:32
All of Me: Satchmo's Classics 2000 Planet Media / Planet 3:09
Cradle of Jazz [Tokuma] 2001
Various Artists
Import 4:12
Celebrating the Best of Jazz 2001 Direct Source 3:10
Mack the Knife [Goldies] 2001 Goldies 3:25
One Hundred Anniversaire 2001 EPM 3:11
100th Birthday Anthology 2001 Cleopatra 3:30
Anthology 2001 Crown
Ain't Misbehavin' [Direct Source] 2001 Direct Source 3:08
Legendary Satchmo: 100 Years Anniversary 2001 Prestige Elite Records (Japan) 3:03
The Satchmo Era [20 CD] 2001 Wesgram
C'est Si Bon: Satchmo in the Forties [Box] 2001 Proper Records
The Legendary Satchmo, Vol. 2 2001 Prestige Elite Records (Japan) 3:03
Golden Greats 2002 Golden Greats / Disky 3:59
Honorary President of HCF 2002 Milan 4:54
Ken Burns Jazz, Vol. 1 2002
Various Artists
Legacy / Columbia 3:09
Ralph Ellison: Living With Music 2002
Various Artists
Columbia / Columbia/Legacy 3:09
Sine Vive le Jazz 2002
Various Artists
Frémeaux & Associés
The Essential Collection [Cleopatra] 2003 Stardust Records / Cleopatra 3:30
The  Ultimate Collection: Louis Armstrong 2003 Ultimate Music Collection 4:13
Louis Armstrong [Direct Source] 2003 Direct Source 4:11
Jazz Trumpet [Platinum Disc] 2003
Various Artists
Platinum Disc 4:15
At Symphony Hall 2003 Dreyfus / Dreyfus Records 4:14
BD Jazz 2004 Nocturne Records 4:21
The Jazz Box 2004
Various Artists
Ultimate Music Collection 4:13
Platinum Classics: The Very Best of Louis Armstrong [Cleopatra] 2005 Stardust Records / Cleopatra 3:32
Legends: Louis Armstrong 2005 Direct Source 4:11
Jazz Legend [Direct Source] 2005 Direct Source 4:11
Hello Dolly/Muskrat Ramble/When the Saints Go Marching In 2005 Musicpro
The  Golden Era of Jazz, Vol. 5 2006
Various Artists
Remember / ZYX Music 4:15
Louis Armstrong [BD] 2006 BD Jazz 4:21
100 Classic Tracks 2007 Deja Vu Definitive Gold
Louis Armstrong, Vol. 2 2007 Absord
Live in Zurich Switzerland: 18.10.49 2007 TCB Records 4:45
Louis Armstrong: A Portrait 2008 Music & Melody / ZYX Music 4:13
The Jazz-Blues-Swing-Box 2009
Various Artists
Music & Melody 4:15
Original Album Classics 2010 Columbia / Masterworks / Masterworks Jazz 3:31
St. Louis Blues [1201 Music] 2011 1201 MUSIC 4:02
Chicago Concert 1956 Remastered 2011 Gralin Music 3:52
Simply Jazz [2012] 2012
Various Artists
Union Square Music 4:27
No Image 2013 AAO Music 4:13
28 Great Jazz Performances The Everest Group
No Image
Various Artists
BD Jazz 3:05
No Image Time/Life Music
No Image
Various Artists
Black Star Records
High Society [History] History 4:12
His Lifemusic Recordings HISTORICAL
No Image Jazz Time Records
No Image Bella Edition 3:00
No Image Prestige Elite 3:04
New Orleans: Oh! Didn't He Ramble
Various Artists
Vogue
The  Greatest Jazz Classics, Vol. 1
Various Artists
4:15
No Image Columbia/Legacy 3:10
The Magic Collection Arc Music 3:28
Vol. 2-Play Me the Blues
Various Artists
Wesgram
blue highlight denotes editor's pick