Johann Sebastian Bach

Sonata for violin & keyboard No. 1 in B minor, BWV 1014

    Description by Blair Johnston

    A group of the instrumental sonatas J.S. Bach composed while living and working in Cöthen during the late 1710s and early 1720s -- specifically, the six sonatas for violin and harpsichord, the three for viola da gamba and harpsichord, and two of the four authentic flute sonatas -- are especially and rightfully famous for one thing: in these 11 works, by writing out a full harpsichord part on two staves rather than merely writing a bass line and figured bass, Bach promoted the harpsichord from mere continuo foundation to true equal of the solo instrument. Although not as famous as the six Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin, the above-mentioned sonatas for violin and harpsichord are among Bach's most famous chamber pieces; it is possible, assuming that Bach in fact composed it before the other five, that the first of these sonatas, BWV 1014 in B minor, is in fact history's very first modern duo sonata.

    The Sonata for violin and keyboard No. 1 in B minor, BWV 1014, falls into four movements that follow the usual slow-fast-slow-fast plan of the Baroque sonata da chiesa, but within that loose framework Bach, as usual in his sonata works, explores diverse forms such as those of the aria and the concerto. The opening Adagio is a rich essay in 6/4 time in which the harpsichord offers an idea built from an arpeggiated bass line and pungent groups of eighth notes in parallel thirds and sixths, and the violin provides an obbligato line whose long-sustained tones invariably taper off into ornate tails that dip and duck into the next phraselet. The following Allegro is an example of that peculiar chamber movement species of which Bach was so fond and which he alone brought to perfection: a full synthesis of dense fugal style, Baroque concerto form and trio sonata part-writing. The movement is in three clear sections (ABA'), with the opening bars returning to usher in the final third of the movement.The third movement, in D major, is a sumptuous Andante in which the two upper voices -- the harpsichord's right hand and the violin -- generally move in counterpoint with one another but come together for a gorgeous subsidiary idea in parallel thirds. The finale is an Allegro whose two main ideas -- a trumpet-like, repeated-note notion and a running sixteenth-note counterpoint to that idea -- are built up into a true binary design complete with repeat signs.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Adagio
    2. Allegro
    3. Andante
    4. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2017 Arcana A 426
    2017 Centaur / Centaur Records CRC 3527
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796220
    2016 Archiv Produktion 4795384
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 Erato 557841
    2016 Marquis Classics MQS 81521
    2016 Oehms Classics OC 013
    2016 Glossa GCD 923507
    2016 EuroArts / Warner Classics 555050
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646777815
    2015 Aeolus Music AE 10236
    2015 Sony Classical 88875051512
    2015 Sony Classical 88875032222
    2015 Linn Records CKD 433
    2015 Soundspells Productions SP 140
    2014 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT 351
    2014 Raumklang RK 3303
    2013 ECM
    2013 ECM 4764582
    2012 Challenge Classics CC 72560
    2012 Sony Classical 88725412822
    2012 Ancalagon ANC 139
    2012 Zig Zag Territoires ZIG 302
    2012 The Entertainment Group 1098
    2012 Entertainment Group 1536
    2012 Flora 1909
    2012 Entertainment Group 12601
    2011 Eloquentia EL 1131
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94050
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Centaur Records 3069
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Classics Series / ZYX CLA 101002
    2009 Document 223994
    2009 Doremi Records 7946-9
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2009 Decca
    2008 Analekta 220167
    2008 Stradivarius 11033
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93668
    2007 Philips
    2007 Maya 9503
    2007 Onyx ONYX 4020
    2007 ABC Classics ABC476 5924
    2007 ABC Classics 4765942
    2007 Analekta 3062
    2007 Sony Classical 88697112432
    2006 Brilliant 93102
    2006 Brilliant 99697
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Ambroisie AM 109
    2006 Teldec 4213532
    2006 Brilliant 93030
    2005 Harmonia Mundi 2907364/65
    2005 Brilliant Classics 92215
    2005 Analekta 29829
    2005 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT050801
    2005 Parlophone
    2005 Camerata Records 28052
    2005 Kleos Classics 5132
    2005 Alpha Productions 060
    2004 Brilliant 92391
    2004 Elatus 2564604982
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 CDK Music CDKM2001
    2003 Carus 83164
    2002 Archiv Produktion 471656
    2002 Archiv
    2002 Sony Classical 89469
    2002 Harmonia Mundi 3957084
    2002 Gaudeamus 308
    2001 Musica Omnia 0112
    2001 Dorian 93233
    2000 Arsis 99071
    2000 Opus 111 2016/17
    2000 Naxos 8 554614
    2000 Angel Records 67203B
    2000 Angel Records 61650
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 907250/51
    2000 Supraphon 3476
    1999 Teldec 25705
    1999 Teldec 25704
    1999 Teldec 3984-25716-2
    1999 Haenssler 92122
    1999 Winter & Winter 9100472
    1999 ESS.A.Y. ESSAYCD1064/5
    1999 Philips 426452
    1999 Lotos 132
    1998 Hyperion 22025
    1998 Dinemec 007
    1997 Haenssler 98154
    1997 VAI Audio 1138
    1997 Chandos CHAN0603
    1997 Harmonia Mundi 1907084
    1996 Opus 111 30127
    1996 Philips 454011
    1995 Sony Classical 52615
    1995 Archiv Produktion 447713
    1993 Philips 434 084-2PH
    1990 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 77170
    Philips 000798102
    Brilliant 93102-VOL1
    Brilliant 99701
    CBS Records 42414
    MDG 3091073
    Matthews & Schenkman
    A Classical Record ACR45
    Musical Concepts 125
    Channel Classics 14798
    Meridian Records 84354
    ESS.A.Y. 1066
    Musicaimmagine Records 10033
    Orion 7810
    Accord 205322
    Bonton 61
    Brilliant 93102/20
    Brilliant 92391/25
    Brilliant Classics 93668/25
    Brilliant 99701/20
    RCA 60563
    Philips 410401
    Denon Records 18029
    Erato
    Brilliant 93030/1
    Open Arms Outreach, Inc.
    Multisonic 310354
    Goldenzweig Duo