Johann Sebastian Bach

Sonata for solo violin No. 1 in G minor, BWV 1001

    Description by Blair Johnston

    The first work in J.S. Bach's Sei Solo a Violino senza Basso accompagnato, Libro Primo (Six Solos for violin without accompaniment, Book 1, all composed in 1720 -- pity that he never fashioned a "Book 2") is also the most frequently played of the lot: the Sonata No. 1 in G minor, BWV 1001. Of the three sonatas in the volume (there are three sonatas and three partitas), the G minor is technically the simplest and also the shortest, making it a good entry-point for the violinist looking to tackle this magnificent volume of music. However, its greater accessibility vis-à-vis the other two sonatas in no way implies that it is somehow a less sophisticated piece of music -- indeed, its riches run as deep as those of any of the other pages in the volume, the great Chaconne of BWV 1004 included. Each of the three sonatas for solo violin is set in the slow-fast-slow-fast four-movement pattern of the sonata da chiesa, and in each the second movement is a fugue. In BWV 1001 the movements are: Adagio, Fuga, Siciliana, and Presto.

    The Adagio is a wildly, but very elegantly, embellished progression of harmonies. All the embellishments -- and embellishments mean not only little turns, appoggiaturas, and the like, but also whole melodic gestures, scales, and small arpeggios -- are written out quite carefully by Bach -- the result is a work that might sound improvised but is most definitely not. The G minor Fuga is the most compact of the three fugues in the volume (and note that these are not in fact fugues in the proper sense of the word, but rather a kind of fugue/Baroque-concerto hybrid form). It was transcribed for lute by Bach at some later time (BWV 1000). The Siciliana is a gentle thing in B flat major; the main melody is played in the lowest register of the instrument while a warm commentary unfolds in the upper register. The Presto finale is a moto perpetuo in sixteenth notes whose 3/8 meter has at times a hint of cross-rhythm to it.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Adagio
    2. Fuga. Allegro
    3. Siciliano
    4. Presto

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4796220
    2016 Warner Classics 0190295944162
    2016 Analekta AN 287723
    2016 Berlin Classics 0300721BC
    2016 Bullard Music JB 100
    2016 Harmonia Mundi HM 2016
    2016 Brilliant Classics 95424BR
    2016 Bridge BCD 9460
    2016 Oehms Classics OC 013
    2016 Linn Records BKD 366
    2016 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 15036
    2016 Linn / Linn Records CKD 548
    2016 Avie AV 2360
    2016 EuroArts / Warner Classics 555050
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646777051
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646777815
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4796018
    2016 Troubadisc TROCD 01444
    2015 Cedille Records CDR 154
    2015 Ja Hsieh
    2015 Gega GD 16
    2015 Onyx / Onyx Classics ONYX 4123
    2015 Canary Classics CC 14
    2015 Naïve E 8939
    2015 Nimbus Records NI 2581
    2015 Audite AUDITE 23424
    2015 Warner Classics 0825646129812
    2015 Stone Records 8057
    2015 MSR Classics MS 1605
    2015 Albany Music Distribution TROY 1605/06
    2014 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT 348
    2014 CAvi-music AVI 8553320
    2014 Rewind REW 502
    2014 Warner Classics 5099901928129
    2014 Es-Dur ES2043
    2014 Stradivarius 33995
    2013 Centaur Records CRC 3206
    2013 Oehms Classics OC 868
    2013 Phi LPH 008
    2013 Musica Omnia 0503
    2013 EMI Music Distribution
    2013 Oehms Classics OC 838
    2013 Nonesuch 5353602
    2013 Ondine ODE 12412D
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94667
    2013 Centaur Records CRC 32833284
    2013 Entertainment Group 11605
    2013 Carpe Diem / Carpe Diem CD 16295
    2013 RCA Red Seal 8876544015
    2013 Skarbo DSK 11088
    2013 Avie AV 2289
    2013 Dynamic CDS 75812
    2013 EMI Classics / Virgin Classics / Warner Classics 5099941648
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099967901
    2012 Bridge BRIDGE 9358AB
    2012 EMI Classics 6787412
    2012 Pan Classics PC 10286
    2012 Harmonia Mundi HMC 902124
    2012 Brilliant Classics 8402
    2012 Maya 0301
    2012 Red House Records 253
    2012 Bt BT 3060
    2011 Yarlung Records YAR 76721
    2011 Mirare MIR 128
    2011 Fuga Libera 581
    2011 Nimbus Alliance NI 6142
    2011 Transart Live TR102
    2011 Musicaphon M 56925
    2011 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT110902
    2011 Camerata Records CMCD 201012
    2011 Transart Live TR 147
    2011 Meridian Records CDE 8459562
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908528124
    2011 Linn Records CKD 366
    2011 Pilfink Records JJVCD54
    2011 Thorofon / Zebralution
    2011 Berlin Classics 0300060 BC
    2010 Genuin 10171
    2010 Ars Musici 232903
    2010 Decca
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94050
    2010 EMI Classics 6482982
    2010 Naïve 5181
    2010 Berlin Classics 0016732
    2010 Nimbus 2557/8
    2010 Apex
    2010 Music & Arts 1244
    2010 Teldec 256468103
    2010 Eroica Classical Recordings 3378
    2010 Challenge Classics 72351
    2009 Onyx ONYX 4040
    2009 Camerata Records 15081/82
    2009 Ondine 1128
    2009 Blue Saphir 1030
    2009 Con Brio 231
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Aeon 0535
    2009 Lontano 2564698133
    2009 Music & Arts MACD1223
    2009 Harmonia Mundi 290753640
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2009 Decca
    2009 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099926413
    2008 Alpha Productions 126
    2008 Erato
    2008 Arte Nova Classics 675010
    2008 Naxos 8570277
    2008 Berlin Classics 0149292
    2008 Erato / Virgin Classics 5099952203
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93668
    2008 Apex 4696157
    2008 P3 Music P3M 002
    2008 Skarbo 1072
    2008 IDIS 6535/6
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921731
    2008 Alphée / Zebralution
    2008 Sony Classical Essential Classics 721742
    2007 Auris Subtilis 5021-2000
    2007 Linn Records CKD 300
    2007 Harmonia Mundi 907438
    2007 Haenssler 98250
    2007 Document 231122
    2007 Ancalagon 132
    2007 Eroica Distribution 3304
    2007 Regis Records 2077
    2007 Apex 4643752
    2007 ASV / Gaudeamus 358
    2007 Cascade Records 2100
    2007 Disques XXI 1507
    2007 Melodiya MELCD 1001000
    2007 Orfeo 743071
    2007 Bmc Records 134
    2006 IDIS 6490/1
    2006 Brilliant 99697
    2006 Brilliant 93102
    2006 Brilliant Classics 92287
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Connoisseur Society 4270
    2006 Classics & Jazz
    2006 Philips
    2006 Philips 4757552
    2006 ECM 000762102
    2006 Bergen Digital 7042CD
    2005 Emec / EMEC (Editorial de Musica Espanola) 060/1
    2005 Artemis Records 1246
    2005 Brilliant Classics 92215
    2005 Alpha Productions 082
    2005 Veritas
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Naxos 8557563-64
    2005 Berlin Classics 9275
    2005 CP2 CP2 118119
    2005 Quartz 2027
    2005 PentaTone Classics 5186072
    2005 Electrecord 583/84
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 76811
    2005 Nonesuch
    2005 ECM 1855
    2005 Gitarrenzauber
    2004 Glossa / Glossa Platinum 30107
    2004 Virgin 62340
    2004 Brilliant 92391
    2004 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000300002
    2004 Virgin Classics 62374
    2004 Alpha Productions 027
    2004 Cedille Records 78
    2004 Elan Recordings 2212
    2003 Opus KURA 2030
    2003 Droffig Recordings 9
    2003 ATMA Classique 22238
    2003 Testament 1257
    2003 Warner Classics
    2003 Arts Music 47581
    2003 Aura Classics 0261
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000204902
    2003 Musical Heritage Society 5260819
    2003 Testament 1292
    2003 Multisonic 310487
    2003 Bach Guild 1246
    2002 Channel Classics 2498
    2002 Naxos 555369
    2002 Classica d'Oro 2014
    2002 Teldec 81230
    2002 Naxos 110918
    2002 Ancalagon 131
    2002 Stradivarius 33469
    2002 RS 57
    2002 M.A. Recordings 54
    2001 Haenssler 92568
    2001 Parnassus Records 96009/10
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 66869
    2001 Naxos 8 555719
    2001 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 05472775272
    2001 Musica Viva 1033
    2001 Classica d'Oro 2006
    2000 Haenssler 92110
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 73644
    2000 Astree 8678
    2000 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243567197
    2000 Bridge 9101
    2000 Arte Nova 72113
    2000 Auvidis 4865
    2000 Analekta 23147/8
    2000 Eroica Distribution 3025
    2000 Amadis 7186
    2000 Doremi Records 7760
    2000 Arion 268296
    2000 Andes 1005
    2000 Linn Records 128
    2000 Opera Tres 1023
    1999 Teldec 25705
    1999 Teldec 25704
    1999 Teldec 3984-25716-2
    1999 IDIS 328/9
    1999 Masterpiece 7901
    1999 Haenssler 92119
    1999 Channel Classics 12198
    1999 Music & Arts 4774
    1999 Naxos 554422
    1999 Strings 99312/3
    1999 Dynamic 164/1-2
    1999 MonoPoly 2037
    1999 Magic Master 37095
    1999 Doremi Records 7753
    1999 Biddulph Recordings LAB153
    1999 Iron Needle 1321
    1999 Strings 99348
    1999 Biddulph Recordings 162/63
    1999 APR (Appian) 5558
    1998 Vox 7901
    1998 DG Deutsche Grammophon 457701
    1998 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1998 Delos 3232
    1998 Doremi Records 7726
    1997 Linn Records 013
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 556416-2
    1997 Virgin 45205
    1997 DG Deutsche Grammophon 453004
    1997 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1997 ESS.A.Y. 1049/50/51
    1997 Hyperion 22009
    1997 Valois 4427
    1997 Marco Polo 223794
    1996 MDG 3330614
    1996 Testament 2090
    1996 Centaur Records 2472/73
    1996 Bridge 9064
    1996 BMG 61734
    1995 Orfeo 400951
    1995 DG Deutsche Grammophon 445526
    1995 RCA Gold Victor Seal 61748
    1995 Naxos 553193
    1995 Centaur Records 2147/48
    1994 Philips 438736
    1994 Philips
    1994 Naxos 8550569
    1994 Virgin 45089
    1994 Orfeo 130852
    1993 Vanguard 8021
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 64494
    1993 EMI Music Distribution 64793
    1992 Elektra 73030
    1991 Naxos 8550569
    1990 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 77043
    1989 Capitol 63035
    1988 EMI Music Distribution 49483
    UNT College of Music
    Grammofono 2000 78630
    One-Eleven 89013
    Brilliant 93102-VOL1
    Brilliant 99701
    Town Hall 7
    Resonator Records 12
    Linn Records 5013
    Music Memoria 30320
    Denon Records 74485
    Image Recordings
    Adda 581134
    Music & Arts 774
    Smithsonian Collection of Reco 10382
    Meridian Records 84283
    RCA 7708
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 413810
    RCA 60971
    Warner Music
    ABC Classics 4768051
    MCA 99841
    Supraphon 1806
    MDG 3051028
    Fone 9027
    Musicaimmagine Records 10033
    Brilliant Classics 93668/20
    Brilliant 92391/20
    Brilliant 99701/10
    Brilliant 93102/10
    Agora Musica 110
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 423294
    Accord 200562
    ASV 454
    Discover 920138
    Erato 45805
    RCA 60563
    Brilliant Classics 8402/5
    Alex Deych
    Celle-stial Records
    Garrett Fischbach
    ECM 000506502
    Iron Needle 1351
    Fono Enterprise 99392
    Cascade Records 2122
    EMI Classics 98667
    Bacchanale 9319
    One-Eleven 50060
    Russian Compact Disc (RCD) 15008
    Lontano
    Fono Enterprise 99404
    Monopoly 2061
    Strings 318-9
    Open Loop 029
    Musical Heritage 5091707