Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Serenade No. 13 for strings in G major ("Eine kleine Nachtmusik"), K. 525

    Description by Brian Robins

    The Serenade in G major (1787), the most enduringly popular of all of Mozart's works, was written during the a period when the composer was also hard at work on his opera Don Giovanni. The title "Eine kleine Nachtmusik" (A Little Night Music) is Mozart's own; "Nachtmusik" was actually a common designation for serenades of this type. While Mozart composed several such works during his years in Salzburg, the Serenade in G is unique to the period of his residence in Vienna (1781-1791). The work differs from Mozart's earlier serenades in its comparatively lean scoring: two violins, viola, cello, and double bass. Mozart's entry for this work in his catalogue shows that the work originally had five movements; the original second movement, a minuet, was later removed.

    The specific occasion for which the Serenade was written is not known, but some have suggested that the work's grace, elegance, and perfection of form were intended as an antidote to the deliberate banality and clumsiness of the composer's Ein musikalischer Spass (A musical joke), K. 522, composed some six weeks earlier. However, this seems to run counter to the character of a composer quite capable of unapologetically coarse musical humor (as in some of his vocal canons, for example). The musicologist Alfred Einstein, also makes the questionable assertion that Mozart wrote the Serenade to fulfill a personal inner need -- if true, certainly atypical for a composer who rarely produced music without some external motivation or purpose, whether financial or otherwise. The extant movements of the Serenade are as follows: Allegro; Romance (Andante); Menuetto (Allegretto); and Rondo (Allegro).

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro
    2. Romance. Andante
    3. Menuetto & Trio. Allegretto
    4. Rondo. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894795516
    2016 Supraphon SU 42032
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4812662
    2016 ABC Classics 4812708
    2016 Master Music MRU 18
    2016 Genuin GEN 16414
    2015 Sonoma / Sonoma Entertainment ST 20985
    2015 K-Tel 137704
    2015 Hungaroton HCD 32752
    2015 K-Tel 136146
    2014 SLG Records
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4793446
    2014 Warner Classics 2564633618
    2014 Warner Classics 545075
    2014 La Dolce Volta LDV 279
    2014 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 Wienerworld 01367
    2014 RCA Red Seal 88843006072
    2013 Entertainment Group 14177
    2013 Music & Melody / ZYX MUS 50172
    2013 Elatus 60123
    2013 ATMA Classique ACD 22532
    2013 Regis 3015
    2012 Berlin Classics BER 300338
    2012 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012 Krescendo Records / Zebralution
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099973170
    2012 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4783387
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 Sony Classical 88697963422
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2011 EMI / EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099994846
    2011 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908215826
    2011 Warner Classics
    2011 AAO Music / United Audio Entertainment TC 53072
    2011 Sony Classical 88697832792
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099909491922
    2011 Berlin Classics 0300203BC
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 Harmonia Mundi HMX 2907280
    2011 Nimbus / Nimbus Records NI 7093
    2011 ZYX CLA 101162
    2011 W.W. Norton
    2011 Somerset Entertainment 54954
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099964851
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945752
    2010 ATMA Classique 2600
    2010 Sonoma 124
    2010 Sonoma 177
    2010 AAO Music
    2010 AAO Music
    2010 Philips
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon 427 208-2GR
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Berlin Classics 0300031
    2010 Decca
    2010 Philips
    2010 Decca
    2010 Virgin Classics 6285892
    2010 RPO 28190
    2010 Tahra 694696
    2010 Opus KURA 2088
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Berlin Classics 0149572
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Denon Records 00795041940926
    2009 Landscape Classics / Zebralution
    2009 Haenssler 98591
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4763647
    2009 Landmark Entertainment 6009
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Documents / Membran 232540
    2009 Documents/Membran 223508
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951576
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099921520
    2008 Corona Classics 0002872CCC
    2008 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 8065
    2008 Madacy 52948
    2008 Madacy 52946
    2008 DG Deutsche Grammophon 423778
    2008 Guild Historical 2339
    2008 Gega New 257
    2008 Brilliant 93162
    2008 Berlin Classics 0184322
    2008 Corona Classic Collection 0000442CCC
    2008 JVC Compact Discs 24033
    2008 EMI Classics
    2008 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2008 Erato 4697008
    2008 ZYX Music 10319
    2008 Fabula Classica 12076
    2008 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429170
    2008 Onyx ONYX 4037
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951203
    2008 Decca 4437622
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2008 Casablanca Kids, Inc. 42030
    2008 Madacy Entertainment 53890
    2008 Berlin Classics 0014352BC
    2008 Arte Nova Classics 277910
    2008 Melodiya MELCD 1001300
    2007 EMI Music Distribution
    2007 The Gift of Music GM180CD
    2007 Classic Mania 93320
    2007 ASV / Resonance CDRSN3100
    2007 DG Archiv
    2007 Amado Classics 4000
    2007 Philips / Universal/Philips 9837812
    2007 Documents 231060
    2007 ZYX Music 555352
    2007 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4776682
    2007 Naxos 8571042
    2007 Brilliant Classics 93292
    2007 Tudor Records 776
    2007 Rca Red Seal 74321846022
    2007 EMI Classics 87894
    2007 Orfeo 741073
    2007 Urania 322
    2007 Retrospective 93407
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 70893
    2006 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 77364
    2006 Archiv Produktion 002894775800
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
    2006 Doremi Records 7751
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 86793
    2006 Edel Classics 2612
    2006 Fone 9830
    2006 Columns 99210
    2006 Delta Distribution 55990
    2006 Urania 292
    2006 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon / Philips / Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 30378
    2006 Philips 000764802
    2006 Azzurra Music
    2006 Sony CMG 009
    2006 Universal
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 459182
    2006 Sony Classical Essential Classics 82876884552
    2006 Capriccio Records 68103
    2006 Philips 000707502
    2006 Berlin Classics 0185552
    2006 Naxos 8557023
    2006 K 617 617182
    2006 Philips 464780
    2006 Alia Vox 9846
    2006 Alia Vox 9846SACD
    2006 Opus KURA 7015
    2006 Sony Music Distribution 678765
    2006 EMI Classics
    2006 EMI Music Distribution 53206
    2006 Philips
    2006 Brilliant 92869
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000649302
    2006 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775222
    2006 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2006 Simply 024
    2006 Brilliant 92705
    2006 Alpha Productions 092
    2005 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946330381
    2005 Madacy 50503
    2005 Delta Distribution 15861
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 477 5467
    2005 Brass Classics 3002
    2005 Nonesuch
    2005 ART 8286
    2005 MediaTag 21
    2005 Direct Source 3962
    2005 Brilliant 92702
    2005 Artemis Records / Artemis Classics 1575
    2005 Haenssler 98490
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775296
    2005 Sony Music Distribution 72884
    2005 Warner Classics 2564623352
    2005 Madacy 2968
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775436
    2005 Harmonia Mundi 2967280
    2005 Philips 4757053
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 66388
    2005 EMI Classics 094634678926
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 76876
    2005 Radiance Records 17486
    2005 Inteli Kids IK1003
    2005 Oehms 529
    2005 Fazer / Finlandia
    2005 Virgin Classics 62497
    2005 Erato
    2005 Berlin Classics 0183972BC
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000388602
    2005 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4775756
    2005 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 Archipel 0180
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Philips 000281300
    2004 St. Clair 621
    2004 St. Clair 96852
    2004 Denon Records / Radiance/SLG 17340
    2004 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) / Brentwood Records 400338
    2004 Artone 222330-354
    2004 St. Clair 9979
    2004 Intersound 5849
    2004 Document 221543
    2004 Denon Records 17381
    2004 St. Clair 31372
    2004 Laserlight 27776
    2004 High Definition Classics INF 55
    2004 United Audio Entertainment 6515
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2004 United Audio Entertai 6295
    2004 Symposium 1241
    2004 Primarily A Cappella 4530
    2004 Haenssler 94040
    2004 Golden Classics / Madacy 5288
    2004 Brilliant 92411
    2004 Intersound 5730
    2004 Tacet 136
    2004 Berlin Classics 0017732BC
    2004 Artemis Classics 1542
    2003 Document 220822
    2003 Merkton / Zebralution
    2003 Delta Distribution 40039
    2003 Delta Distribution 40024
    2003 Testament 1273
    2003 Classical Express 3951022
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80108
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 807280
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 907280
    2003 Testament 1303
    2003 Decca 473843
    2003 Haenssler 98442
    2003 Mellon 85757
    2003 Brilliant 99733
    2003 Capriccio Records 71001
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000020002
    2003 PentaTone Classics 5186002
    2003 Virgin 562212
    2003 Virgin Classics
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 87989
    2003 Pro Organo 7167
    2003 Artemis Classics 1183
    2002 St. Clair 3091
    2002 BCI Music (Brentwood Communication) 40180
    2002 Vox VOX7812
    2002 Opus KURA 2021
    2002 SPJ Music SPJ90607-2
    2002 Disques Pierre Verany 730002
    2002 Calliope 3241-8
    2002 Teldec 0927426642
    2002 Music USA leniadochira2
    2001 T-Rax B49
    2001 Legacy Entertainment CBX001
    2001 St. Clair 7314
    2001 T-Rax B45
    2001 History 203090
    2001 Philips / Philips 586154
    2001 BCI-Eclipse Distribution 40030
    2001 History 205253
    2001 Supraphon SU35652
    2001 CBC Records 5150
    2001 Music Digital 40502
    2001 Capriccio Records 51030
    2001 St. Clair 7346
    2001 Cascavelle 1064
    2001 St. Clair 7343
    2001 Concerto Royale 206259
    2001 Eclipse Music Group 540
    2001 Eclipse Records 539
    2001 Eclipse Records 64453
    2001 Lifestyles 315022
    2001 Arte Nova Classics 27791
    2000 D Classics 70587
    2000 Delta Distribution 33107
    2000 Onyx Classix 1915
    2000 Tahra 121/23
    2000 Delta Distribution 49385
    2000 Philips 464 790-2PB11
    2000 Vanguard 8211
    2000 Amadis 7013
    2000 Praga 250138
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469619
    2000 Basic 026
    2000 Naxos 553225
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 1951022
    2000 Arkadia 78528
    2000 Unesco 70644
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 67334
    2000 Philips 464022
    2000 Eclipse Music Group 64533
    2000 RCA 63589
    2000 Vanguard 142
    2000 BMG Special Products 6514
    2000 Tring 041
    2000 Delta Distribution 24465
    2000 Eclectra 2040
    1999 Biddulph Recordings 83066-2
    1999 Biddulph Recordings WHL041
    1999 Masterpiece 99009
    1999 IDIS 299/300
    1999 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243573289
    1999 Classical Heritage 1222
    1999 Philips 422500
    1999 Hallmark Recordings 350352
    1999 Multisonic 0399
    1999 Eclipse Music Group 64406
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 423212
    1999 Chandos 9045
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 3857
    1999 Madacy 8401
    1999 Philips 446226
    1999 Vox Box/essex / Masterpiece / SPJ Music 3900
    1999 Disky 705982
    1999 Iron Needle 1363
    1999 Madacy 9504
    1999 IDIS 277/8
    1998 Masterpiece 92005
    1998 Intersound 1737
    1998 Mercury 434398
    1998 Nimbus NI1756
    1998 Intersound 2819
    1998 Nimbus 5564
    1998 Masterpiece 90008
    1998 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4579232
    1998 Delta Distribution 11527
    1998 London 458310
    1998 London 460034
    1998 Denon Records 17011
    1998 Tahra 320/22
    1998 Intersound 3841
    1997 CMM Music 515
    1997 Columbia River Entertainment Group 1144
    1997 Creative Music Market 516
    1997 HR-Musik 70062
    1997 Eclipse Music Group 64644
    1997 Madacy 8822
    1997 Sony Music Distribution 63272
    1997 DG Deutsche Grammophon 453076
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1997 Eclipse Records 64349
    1997 Calliope 9248
    1997 Point Classics 267120
    1997 Michele Audio 1006
    1997 Capriccio Records 49176
    1997 Testament 1093
    1997 Magic Talent 48054
    1997 Finlandia 18915
    1997 Arte Nova Classics 68913
    1997 Haenssler 98989
    1997 Biddulph Recordings 024
    1996 BMG 68113
    1996 JVC Compact Discs / JVC/XRCD 2057
    1996 Collins Records 13782
    1996 Koch International Classics 36445
    1996 Camerata Records 32CM119
    1996 Arts Music 47359
    1996 DG Deutsche Grammophon 445555
    1996 Intersound 2505
    1996 ASV 6184
    1996 EMI Music Distribution 65938
    1996 CRD Records 3340
    1996 BMG 68654
    1996 Philips 426204
    1995 Infinity Digital 61994
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 64468
    1995 ZYX Music 4305
    1995 Preiser Records 93387
    1995 Preiser Records 90229
    1995 Madacy 7680
    1995 Denon Records CO-75597
    1995 Curb 78042
    1995 London 443 175-2DH
    1995 Classical Creations 820504
    1995 Seraphim UK 568533-2
    1995 Orfeo 376941
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 66569
    1995 Seraphim UK 69027
    1995 Art of Classics 885907
    1995 ZYX Classics 4004
    1995 London 443 458-2DF2
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 46527
    1995 RCA Gold Seal 62585
    1995 Seraphim UK 568531
    1995 Sony Music Entertainment 23063
    1995 Delos 3173
    1995 Sony Classical 64600
    1995 Madacy 5601
    1995 Philips 446 222-2PB25
    1995 Intersound 3804
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 23161
    1995 Pearl GEMMCD9154
    1994 Classical Heritage 1202
    1994 Madacy 0500
    1994 Philips 438748
    1994 Classical Heritage 1204
    1994 Novalis E 150060-2
    1994 BIS 506
    1994 Teldec 4509959822
    1994 Infinity Digital 57230
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 67777
    1994 Capriccio Records 10185
    1994 DM Records 21005
    1994 MusicMasters 67141
    1994 Intersound 3603
    1994 BIS 418
    1994 Madacy 5401
    1994 Madacy 29103
    1993 Sugo 9309
    1993 IMP Classics 861
    1993 Telarc Distribution 80332
    1993 Telarc Distribution 2024
    1993 DG Deutsche Grammophon 415843
    1993 Pro-Arte Records 807
    1993 RCA 61552
    1993 Royal Classics 6410
    1993 Vox 8501
    1993 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1993 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4395242
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48062
    1992 CBS Records / Sony Music Distribution 48259
    1992 Naxos 550026
    1992 Teldec 44809
    1992 SBK Records 48266
    1991 DG Deutsche Grammophon 431272
    1991 Decca / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    1991 Erato 45713
    1991 RCA 60829
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 469695
    1990 Verve / Philips 826 948
    1990 Delta Distribution 15850
    1990 CBS Records 46267
    1990 Laserlight 35860
    1990 Philips 422504
    1990 EMI Music Distribution 47391
    1990 Classica 55011
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429805
    1990 Philips 412269
    1990 CBS Records 37774
    1990 Philips 416386
    1990 Philips 422503
    1990 Laserlight 15648
    1989 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4272082
    1988 London 417741
    1988 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4236102
    1987 Philips 420712
    1983 Philips 410606
    1982 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4000342
    1982 Hungaroton 12471
    Philips 420816
    Nonesuch 79633
    Panton Records 810910
    EMI Music Distribution 62516
    Fonit-Cetra Italia 47
    Legend 148
    Magic 48028
    EMI Music Distribution 63912
    Document 220823-303
    Pickwick 24
    RIV 53
    Put It On A Disk 6007
    K-Tel Distribution 3896
    Sony Music Distribution 45977
    Philips 422500
    Sony Special Products 983483
    Tahra 121
    Grammofono 78778
    Vox 8800
    Sony Music Distribution 23976
    Grammofono 2000 78624/25
    Grammofono 2000 78574
    History 20391
    Unison 8286
    Grand Rapids Guitar Quartet 20090001
    Philips 2B
    Novalis 150740
    Sony Music Distribution 52498
    Berliner Philharmoniker
    Harmonia Mundi 907722
    RCA 7861
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 427028
    EMI Music Distribution 63456
    EMI Music Distribution 69465
    Skylark Music 9802
    Denon Records 84487
    Legend 132
    Philips 434030
    Fidelio 5006
    Document 221544303
    Duet 02
    History 205254
    Gemini Collection 602
    Seraphim UK 69733
    Capriccio Records 10900
    Capriccio Records 10904
    Intersound 862
    Direct Source 16382
    CBS Records 39436
    Carlton Classics 02242
    HJSO 2001
    Philips 434032
    Newport Classic 60137
    Brilliant 92627
    Masters of Music 3003
    EMI Music Distribution 69852
    EMI Music Distribution
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 427811
    Ex Libris Records 6004
    BBC Music Magazine 233
    Masters of the Millennium 2002
    Excelsior Recordings 31064
    Accord 14915
    Sony Music Distribution 53699
    Sony Music Distribution 53697
    Sony Music Distribution 53696
    Sony Music Distribution 53698
    Pro-Arte Records 579
    RCA 77521
    As Disc 309
    Nimbus 7023
    Pearl 9940
    As Disc 611
    Donau 8013
    Denon Records 7808
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 419192
    Russian Revelation 10022
    Apollo Music 302
    Pro-Arte Records 3000
    Erato 45198
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 400034
    Intercord Klassische Diskothek 830802
    EXL 4223
    Smithsonian Records 39ND
    Musique d'Or 1042
    Forlane 52
    Sony Music Distribution 47593
    Virgin 59692
    Collins Records 3046
    Pickwick 1602
    Laserlight 15861
    Testament 1379
    RCA 60066
    Slovart Records 010
    Brilliant 92627/2
    Brilliant 99733/2
    Brilliant Classics 93669/26
    Brilliant 92388/26
    EMI Music Distribution 769772
    Apex 48691
    Grand Gala 2127
    Radio Classics 9112
    Brilliant 93162/1
    Brilliant 92702/1
    Berlin Classics 0010812
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 411720
    Manchester 109
    Omega Music Poland 1004
    Pro-Arte Records 0579
    Teldec
    Art Composer's Gallery 003670
    Tahra 113
    Pickwick 1144
    Pearl 0167
    DeAgostini 951B
    Magic Master 37029
    Philharmonia of the Nations 03
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 431689
    Sony Music Distribution 47295
    Dinemec Classics 23
    Teldec 903172481
    Teldec
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 431873
    Sony Music Distribution 46515
    RCA 60907
    Nimbus 5228
    Loft Recordings 1061
    RCA 9305
    Onyx Classix 66492
    Lydian 18013
    Masters of Music 3065
    ORC 11007
    Alfa 1005
    VMK 1055
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 163-2GP2
    Camelot Music 20050
    Vox 8763
    Discover 920217
    Delta Distribution 35850
    Selected Sounds 5062272
    Pro-Arte Records 922
    Nimbus 1791
    Classica 55107
    Point 268802
    Madacy 4501
    Koch 7059
    Analekta 9001
    K-Tel Distribution 1000
    Intersound 3805
    Archiv Documents 112
    Stradivari 6100
    Stradivari 6120
    Norton 7609
    Retrospective 93407/7
    Golden Vibs
    Originals 864
    Vox 401
    Madacy Entertainment 53891
    Madacy 0835
    Madacy 0838
    Decca 475 8052DB5
    Idis 277
    Denon Records 7229
    EMI Music Distribution 65915
    Duet 77
    Sony Music Distribution 95438
    Esso
    Arius Records 3707
    CBS Special Products 21818/9
    Amado Classics 01002
    Amado Classics 04023
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 410085
    Columbia 47286
    Smithsonian Records 031
    Smithsonian Records 31ND