Frédéric Chopin

Piano Sonata No. 3 in B minor, Op. 58, CT. 203

    Description by James Reel

    Although Chopin was essentially a miniaturist, he handled the sonata form with remarkable assurance. To a degree, his fairly hefty ballades, scherzos, and impromptus provided good preparation for writing the four movements of his third and final piano sonata, but this work's first movement, in particular, displays compositional skills that Chopin had few other opportunities to practice.

    The first movement, Allegro maestoso, falls into traditional sonata form, constructed from a decisive and sometimes impulsive first theme and a more extended second theme, highly lyrical with a detailed accompanimental filigree -- music that would not be out of place in Chopin's nocturnes. The musical texture thickens considerably in the central development section; Chopin devotes long passages to variants on the second subject, but much of the development is highly contrapuntal. Following the recapitulation, which again emphasizes the second subject, the movement ends with a surprisingly peaceful coda.

    The very brief Scherzo, molto vivace, uses light, fleet, but finger-challenging E flat outer sections to frame a gentle and pensive trio section in B major. The ensuing slow movement, a Largo, is the heart of the sonata, conceptually as well as rhythmically. Stern but harmonically ambiguous chords lead to a delicate, nostalgic aria supported by a gentle heartbeat figure in the bass. This is soon supplanted by a long, flowing, rhapsodic section of quiet rumination. The opening theme, now with a more murmuring accompaniment, returns in more ornamented garb to escort the movement to its conclusion. The final movement, Presto, non tanto, makes a short transition from the Largo with a few swelling introductory bars that lead to the urgent, driving first theme of what turns out to be a rondo; this B minor material alternates with a contrasting, chord-launched section in the major designed to showcase the performer's agile fingerwork. Elements of both sections overlap for a grand coda.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro maestoso
    2. Scherzo. Molto vivace
    3. Largo
    4. Finale. Presto, non tanto - Agitato

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2017 Disc Auvers DAS 017
    2016 Alto MCS 1281
    2016 ABC Classics 4812682
    2016 ABC Classics
    2016 Onyx Classics ONYX 4152
    2016 Erato 0190295974961
    2016 Fryderyk Chopin Institute / Nardowy Instytut Fryderyka Chopina NIFCCD 617
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4796068
    2016 Zephyr Records Z 14716
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 002894795516
    2016 Doremi / Doremi Records DHR 804446
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon B002436502
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795404
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 Andrzej Wiercinski RN 416514
    2015 Disc Auvers DAV 139
    2015 Analekta AN 29127
    2015 Sony Classical 88875050462
    2015 RCA Red Seal / Sony Classical 88875127202
    2015 Doremi Records DHR 8036
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon B002364402
    2015 Sony Classical 88843062432
    2015
    Red
    Shira Shaked
    2014 Nimbus NIM 6215
    2014 Lindoro 3015
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 K&K Verlagsanstalt KuK 113
    2014 Albany Music Distribution TROY 1492
    2014 Romeo Records RR 7303
    2014 Cameo Classics CC 9028CD
    2014 ECM / ECM New Series 4811157
    2014 Deutsche Grammophon / ECM
    2013 Profil / Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 04074
    2013 LP Classics 1009AB
    2013 Verso VRS 2096
    2013 Newton Classics 8802193
    2013 Entertainment Group 11501
    2013 Decca 001827102
    2013 Decca
    2013 Honens 201203201204
    2013 Erato 5099940960029
    2013 ICA Classics ICAC 5108
    2013 Calliope CAL 1316
    2013 Delphian 34010
    2013 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099901924
    2013 Genuin GEN 13262
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099970490
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon B 001761902
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon
    2012 Archie Chen / Carnegie Artists
    2012 Virgin Classics / Warner Classics 5099923228825
    2012 Triton OVCT 00074
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099963656
    2012 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD 206
    2012 Entertainment Group 4039
    2012 Brilliant Classics 94397
    2012 Entertainment Group 11904
    2012 Music & Arts 1261
    2012 APR (Appian) 7503
    2012 Sony Classical 88691912562
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal
    2012 Deutsche Grammophon 4790058
    2012 Concerto / Zebralution
    2011 Romeo Records / Roméo Records 7280
    2011 ABC Classics ABC 4805269
    2011 RCA Red Seal 886919369120
    2011 Orfeo C 841111 B
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 4779908
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 4779634
    2011 Fazer / Finlandia
    2011 Classics & Jazz / Deutsche Grammophon
    2011 Newton Classics 8802076
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD606
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD602603
    2011 Universal
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD 022
    2011 Regis Records RRC 1370
    2011 Fuga Libera 579
    2011 EMI Classics
    2011 Haenssler 93710
    2011 Artek AR0055
    2011 Dal Segno DSPRCD053
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD000020
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 13960
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 477 755-7
    2010 Ligia 10320109
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 002894778445
    2010 Solo Musica 147
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996711
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 ATMA Classique 2554
    2010 Hyperion 67764
    2010 Crystal Classics / Zebralution
    2010 Hyperion 30006
    2010 Decca
    2010 Harmonia Mundi 907464
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945535
    2010 Decca
    2010 Decca 4782282
    2010 Onyx ONYX 4049
    2010 Supraphon 40302
    2010 Meridian Records 84537
    2010 Newton Classics 8802015
    2010 Preiser Records 90782
    2010 Genuin 10190
    2010 Antes Edition / Zebralution
    2010 BR Klassik / Challenge Classics 72354
    2010 RCA Red Seal / Sony Music Entertainment 88697625302
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Arbiter 158
    2010 MTJ / SMPB MTJSMPB 0079
    2010 Music & Arts 1248
    2010 Documents / Fab Four / Fab Four 233130
    2009 Bridge 9304
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon 477 7483
    2009 Sony BMG / Sony Classical 88697577072
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz 001382602
    2009 Dux Records 650
    2009 Fryderyk Chopin Institute 002
    2009 Hyperion 67706
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Arte Nova 636760
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Opus KURA 2081
    2009 MSR Classics 1245
    2009 Documents 222913
    2009 EMI Classics 13251
    2009 Brilliant Classics 9014
    2009 Doremi Records 7961
    2009 X5 Music Group 15582
    2009 APR (Appian) 5668
    2008 Bridge 9276
    2008 Melodiya 1001194
    2008 EMI Music Distribution 5675662
    2008 Alphée / Zebralution
    2008 EMI Classics 5754432
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93217
    2008 Arte Nova 636380
    2008 BBC Legends / BBC Music 42302
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951489
    2008 Warner Classics
    2008 Triton 00044
    2008 Onyx ONYX 4036
    2008 Hyperion 44351
    2008 VAI Audio 4469
    2008 Antes Edition / Zebralution
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099920731
    2008 Turtle Records 27
    2008 EMI Classics 586468
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 001190702
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 4776656
    2007 Bluthner 10011
    2007 Zig Zag Territoires ZZT071101
    2007 EMI Classics 00906
    2007 EMI Classics
    2007 Apex
    2007 Camerata Records 28088
    2007 Melodiya 1001131
    2007 BBC Legends 42122
    2007 Melodiya MELCD 1001150
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 734046
    2007 Medici Classics (formerly Monarch) 50019
    2007 VAI Audio 1266
    2007 Master Chord MC CD 1
    2007 Universal Classics & Jazz
    2007 Classical Records 84
    2007 Deutsche Grammophon 4429484
    2007 Dal Segno 016
    2007 Brilliant 93180
    2006 Virgin 82120
    2006 Universal
    2006 MSR Classics 1119
    2006 Linn Records 250
    2006 Brilliant 99802
    2006 Document 223012
    2006 Decca 4757221
    2006 Decca
    2006 Brilliant 93006
    2006 Universal Distribution
    2006 Aca Digital 20089
    2006 Dux Records 66
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000721702
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 000764972
    2006 Takt 1501/15
    2005 Biddulph Recordings 010
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Hyperion CDH55182
    2005 Orfeo 619041
    2005 Virgin Classics
    2005 Virgin Classics 62476
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 000460002
    2005 CFP 568969/70
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 767163
    2005 Querstand 9822
    2005 Classico 548/50
    2005 Brilliant 92615
    2005 Romeo Records 7243/4
    2005 Gallo 1159
    2005 EMI Music Distribution 58025
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 000582727
    2005 Doremi Records 7862
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon 4775242
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243586826
    2005 Harmonia Mundi 907406
    2004 Direct Source 4434
    2004 Decca 000317502
    2004 JVC Compact Discs 24008
    2004 BBC Legends / BBC Music 41382
    2004 EMI Classics 724356288423
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 62885
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 85511
    2004 EMI Classics 85691
    2004 Andante AND1150
    2004 Orfeo 633041
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 585012
    2004 Brilliant 92118
    2004 Centurion Classics 2107
    2003 Eroica Distribution 3110
    2003 Deutsche Grammophon 471 479-2GH
    2003 Forlane 126817
    2003 Classica d'Oro 3037
    2003 ASV 6142
    2003 Artemis Classics 1196
    2003 Berlin Classics 0011202
    2003 Delta Distribution 40040
    2003 Delta Distribution 16319
    2003 IDIS 6397/9
    2003 Victor Moser RN 494129
    2002 Zayas Masterworks 102
    2001 Mapleshade Records 7382
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 67567
    2001 Piano 21 002
    2001 Rca Red Seal 63046
    2001 Vox 5178
    2000 Decca 466250
    2000 Rca Red Seal 902668991
    2000 Talent Records 26/7
    2000 Philips / Universal Distribution 464025
    2000 Boheme Music 906069
    2000 Orchard 4130
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463 047-2GCE17
    1999 Naxos 501501
    1999 Virgin / Warner Classics 7243561618
    1999 Naxos 554533
    1999 Agora Musica 139
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463066
    1999 Philips 456799
    1999 Philips 462232
    1999 Philips 454987
    1999 Philips 456703
    1999 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243556805
    1999 Philips 456781
    1999 Pearl 9013
    1999 Eroica Distribution 3007
    1999 Ivory Classics / Ivory Records 70902
    1999 Philips 456742
    1999 Nimbus 1748
    1999 APR (Appian) 5509
    1999 RCA Red Seal 63000
    1999 Arbiter 116
    1999 Philips 456853
    1998 Music & Arts 1029
    1998 RCA Red Seal 902668442
    1997 Capriccio Records 10710
    1997 Fleurs de Lys 3117
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453456
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 69701
    1997 Nimbus 1764
    1997 London 443738
    1997 Melodiya 33216
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 66066
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453572
    1997 Melodiya 33211
    1997 APR (Appian) 5553
    1997 Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 621
    1996 RCA 68164
    1996 Sony Classical 62388
    1996 Virgin 561317-2
    1996 Decca 4481232
    1996 Centaur Records 2270
    1996 Pearl 9192
    1996 London 452308
    1995 APR (Appian) 5501
    1995 Hallmark Recordings 350142
    1995 London
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 52622
    1995 Camerata Records 32CM104
    1995 RCA Victor Red Seal 25807
    1995 Vox 5513
    1995 APR (Appian) 5550
    1994 RCA Victor Red Seal 62542
    1994 Nimbus 7701
    1994 Titanic 208
    1994 Sony Classical 64373
    1994 Symposium 1145
    1994 Centaur Records 2654
    1994 Testament 1045
    1993 Hyperion 66577
    1993 Naxos 8505015
    1993 Praga 250042
    1993 Arabesque 6628
    1993 Chandos CHAN9175
    1993 Music & Arts 772
    1993 Nimbus 1787
    1992 Nimbus 5038
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48483
    1992 Music & Arts CD-717
    1992 EMI Music Distribution 67359
    1991 CBS Records / Sony Music Distribution SX11K-48153
    1991 Telarc Distribution 80280
    1991 Sony Music Distribution 46346
    1991 Naxos 550363
    1991 RCA Victor GD60822
    1990 Deutsche Grammophon 419055
    1990 RCA 5998
    1989 EMI Music Distribution 63038
    1988 CBS Records 32780
    1988 Otello 1012
    1986 Deutsche Grammophon 415346
    Dux Records KCh15-06
    Vox 9032
    RCA 5616
    Opening Day Recordings 9318
    Iron Needle 1341
    IC Records
    Tempora 09657
    Denon Records 79158
    EMI Music Distribution 769440
    Green House 1014
    Deutsche Grammophon 431579
    Dux 648
    Classical Records 037
    Donau 8062
    Forlane 16813
    Nimbus 5044
    Decca 470288
    Deutsche Grammophon 431587
    Virgin 91501
    EMS 920286
    Russian Revelation 10032
    Laserlight 14062
    Philips 420949
    VAI Audio 1271
    RCA 60417
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    EMI Music Distribution 74457
    Centaur Records 2072
    Russian Revelation 10080
    Brilliant 92118/4
    Sirio 530014
    ARK 59001
    London 102410
    Debra Lew Harder
    EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 69527
    Brilliant 99802/11
    Adda 581141
    London 417475
    Canyon Classics 3636
    Newport Classic 60068
    Pickwick 1131
    RCA 62542
    Philips Classics 426817
    Skylark Music 9902
    Braunschweig Classix
    Biddulph Recordings 1
    The Piano Library 236
    The Piano Library 333
    Mezhdunarodnaya-Kniga 418016
    Laserlight 15961
    Erato 98476
    Brilliant 92615/1
    Brilliant 93006/5
    Artists 52
    Mezhdunarodnaya-Kniga 418027
    Nino P. Cocchiarella
    EuroArts 2055788
    Olympia (Classical/Jazz) 186
    Round Top Records 8615
    Danacord 3007
    Polskie Radio 51
    Eclectra 2043
    Fone 04
    Melodiya 33230
    Decca 433650
    Opus 3 9202
    RCA Victor 60822
    IMP Classics 042
    Brilliant 93180/2
    Bolshoi/BMG
    The Piano Library 206
    Enterprise 206