Ludwig van Beethoven

Minuet for piano in G major, WoO 10/2

    Description by John Palmer

    Like all of Beethoven's minuets, those of WoO 10 are in 3/4 meter at a moderate tempo, unlike his German Dances, which, while adhering to the same formal pattern as the minuets, are faster. Beethoven creates variety in the set through his choice of keys. The minuets of WoO 10 are all in major keys -- C, G, E flat, B flat, D and C -- with the first and last set in the same key, giving us the sense of a self-contained set of dances. Furthermore, by choosing the keys of E flat and B flat for the central pieces, Beethoven creates an overall sense of C minor. Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, and Beethoven composed numerous minuets for various ensembles that were used for court balls in the famous Redoutensaal in Vienna. Nearly all of them are in major keys. Beethoven's Minuets, WoO 10, were most likely composed in 1795. Evidently, these works existed an orchestrated version, which has been lost. There is also evidence that Beethoven arranged the minuets for two violins and bass, as he did those of WoO 9. In any case, the piano version of the WoO 10 Minuets was printed by in 1796 by Artaria & Co. in Vienna.

    Set in G major, the second minuet of WoO 10 opens with a single-beat pickup, as do four others in the set. Typically, the Minuet section consists of two eight-measure phrases, the second closing with a return to the material of the first. The first theme contrasts with the second in its dotted rhythms and repetitive ideas, as well as its close on the dominant (D major). Each of the two phrases is repeated. The Trio could not be more different from the Minuet -- a fluid, spinning melody over rising arpeggios creates a continuity very unlike that of the Minuet. In the second phrase of the Trio, Beethoven goes even further in the direction of fluency by eliminating the quarter-note arpeggios of the first phrase and giving both voices a continuous eighth-note motion. The performer is directed to repeat the Minuet section.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Compass Productions 52954
    2016 Marco Polo 8225847
    2016 EuroArts / Warner Classics 555050
    2016 Warner Classics 0825646777815
    2015 K-Tel 137704
    2013 EMI / EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099943332
    2013 Lifescapes Music 61722
    2013 Decca / Denon Records COZ 17953
    2013 DENON Classics
    2012 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2012 Reflections Music 58265
    2012 EMI Classics
    2012 Hyperion CDH 55410
    2011 DM Digital TXAT 128
    2011 Cameo Classics / Vox ACD 8874
    2011 Universal Music
    2011 Deutsche Grammophon 002894779464
    2011 Lifescapes Music 61025
    2011 Red Bus Classical RCLAS 008
    2011 TGG Direct 60213
    2011 DPM Records
    2011 TGG 60214
    2011 Opening Day Recordings ODR 7411
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908215222
    2011 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099945754
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 Time/Life Music 26087
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099969544
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099962792
    2010 Naxos 8572378
    2010 Decca
    2009 Fisher-Price 40467
    2009 EMI Classics
    2009 Dutton Vocalion / Vocalion CDLK 4384
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Decca
    2009 Decca 4781149
    2008 EMI Classics 3385212
    2008 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099951560
    2008 Doremi Records 9755-8
    2008 Elite Special / Zebralution
    2008 Buena Vista / Walt Disney 000169802
    2008 Berlin Classics 0016402
    2008 Regis Records 1193
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946394318
    2007 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946397307
    2007 Buena Vista 23902
    2007 Decca
    2007 Decca 4758371
    2006 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946365645
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946370872
    2006 Style Records 76044
    2006 Walt Disney
    2006 Disney 3510222
    2006 Pando / Pando Classical 341003
    2006 Koch 7664
    2006 Lifescapes Music 36330
    2006 Fischer-Price / Fisher-Price 35457
    2006 Decca 000678712
    2006 Vanguard 1656
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946370886
    2005 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 0946338522
    2005 SPJ Music 5654
    2005 Decca 000445002
    2005 Deutsche Grammophon
    2005 Delta Distribution 13502
    2005 Gia 549
    2005 DTS Entertainment 1135
    2005 Opus KURA 2000
    2005 EMI Classics
    2004 Laserlight 40027
    2004 Naxos Historical 8110976
    2004 Definitive Records 11111
    2003 Decca / Universal Distribution 472779
    2003 Delta Distribution 40031
    2003 Brainy Baby 34042
    2003 Delta Distribution 40035
    2003 Delta Distribution 40099
    2003 Avalon Records 28036
    2003 Delta Distribution 40097
    2003 Delta Distribution 40030
    2003 Merkton / Zebralution
    2003 Delta Distribution 40095
    2003 Delta Distribution 40021
    2003 Vox 90118
    2003 Laserlight 16302
    2003 Decca 1113
    2003 Hyperion 67379
    2003 Laserlight 40020
    2003 Delta Distribution 40094
    2003 Delta Distribution 40093
    2003 Delta / Delta Distribution / Laserlight 40019
    2003 Vanguard Classics 1199
    2002 Buena Vista 860769
    2002 Walt Disney / Buena Vista 860769
    2002 Avalon Records 24658
    2002 117
    2002 Deutsche Grammophon 472207
    2002 Delta Distribution 36034
    2002 Clarinet Classics 0040
    2002 Classica d'Oro 9003
    2002 Naxos 110963
    2002 Sony Classical 89958
    2001 Camerata Records 25CM589
    2001 Eclipse Records 64496
    2001 Definitive 60002
    2001 Silverline Records 81001
    2000 Sony Music Distribution 65951
    2000 Sony Music Distribution 89159
    2000 Delta Distribution 40011
    2000 Koch International / Koch International Classics 366502
    2000 Koch International Classics 366502
    2000 Delta Distribution 24469
    2000 Angel Records 67317
    2000 Digital Sound 1048
    2000 Clarinet Classics 0018
    2000 Sony BMG 705501
    2000 Laserlight 24466
    2000 Music Digital 31079
    2000 Laserlight 15816
    2000 Laserlight 14375
    2000 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243567526
    2000 EMI Music Distribution 72276
    1999 SPJ Music 1453
    1999 Eclipse Records 64442
    1999 Monopoly 2004
    1999 Madacy 9507
    1999 Cembal d'amour 108
    1999 Vanguard 125
    1999 Naxos 505029
    1999 Sony Classical 64093
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 567008
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 68802
    1998 Delta Distribution 31052
    1998 Intersound 1426
    1998 Delta Distribution 11537
    1998 Empire DC703462
    1998 Vox 8507
    1998 Whirlybird Records 9855
    1997 MetroMusic / Sophia Sounds 101
    1996 Vox 8818
    1996 Sony Classical 62369
    1996 Naxos 504010
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 4839952
    1996 BIS 5001
    1996 Dorian 90218
    1996 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution CDM-65913
    1996 EMI Classics
    1995 Capriccio Records 10910
    1995 Pearl 9128
    1995 Philips 446560
    1995 Curb 78035
    1995 Sony Classical 68456
    1995 Seraphim UK / Warner Classics 7243569028
    1995 Laserlight 55006
    1995 Madacy 3630
    1995 Laserlight 35815
    1995 Madacy 501
    1994 Sony Classical 64052
    1994 Biddulph Recordings 019
    1994 Madacy 5435
    1994 Naxos 550217
    1994 Naxos 8 550646
    1994 Laserlight 15815
    1993 BMG 84207
    1992 Laserlight 35846
    1992 Pearl 9101
    1992 Laserlight 14050
    1992 Stereophile 004
    1991 Laserlight 15835
    1991 Laserlight 35840
    1991 Laserlight 15687
    1991 Laserlight 15679
    1990 Laserlight 15515
    1990 CBS Records 37216
    1990 Laserlight 15060
    1990 Philips 422283
    1990 CBS Records / Sony Music Distribution 45545
    1983 Philips 410606
    Time/Life Music 9017
    Philips 420816
    Vanguard Classics 8888
    Roberto Mccausland-dieppa
    Capriccio Records 10912
    Delta Distribution 35605
    Classica d'Oro 4005
    Grammofono 2000 78543
    Laserlight 14829
    Fono Enterprise 99360
    Somerset Entertainment 43287
    Liquid Music
    Unison 7008
    Das Grosse Musik Fest 301015
    Laserlight 14718
    Sony Music Distribution 61986
    Sony Music Distribution 492981
    Time/Life Music 14411
    Carlton 569179
    Magic Talent 48030
    Reflections Music 56735
    Madacy 4569
    Excelsior Recordings 5345
    Vox Allegretto 8038
    Heartland Productions, Inc. 23500
    Edel Records 45096/1
    Das Grosse Musik Fest 301020
    Robbins Island Music 14E
    Sirio 530012
    Biddulph Recordings LAB009-10
    Strings 318-9
    IMP Classics 18616
    Laserlight 15989
    Denon Records 84495