Frédéric Chopin

Introduction in C minor and Rondo in E flat major for piano, Op. 16, CT. 195

    Description by Robert Cummings

    This work comes from Chopin's early Paris years, when he was struggling to earn recognition, even struggling to earn a living. By the time this piece was published in 1834, though, he was enjoying fame and a degree of fortune. Although this work is tagged as his Op. 16 Introduction and Rondo, it came four years later than his Op. 73 Rondo, and two years later than his Op. 21 Second Piano Concerto. Still, it is an early work, but one already guided by the hand of a master.

    This Rondo begins with a C minor introduction of passion and fire, of changing tempos and wide-ranging dynamics. When the playful, chipper main theme is presented, the art of contrast is realized with a delightful, nearly Richter scale-sized jolt that effectively serves the composer's deft sense for color. A second theme, calmer but still lively, is presented and brings on a stately air. All the material reappears in rondo fashion, with the main theme returning at the close, followed by a brilliant though somewhat subdued coda. Chopin offers some imaginative thematic development in this work, and as usual, attractive keyboard writing. This is certainly a worthwhile composition, if not among Chopin's very finest. A typical performance of this Rondo lasts from 10 to 12 minutes.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Fryderyk Chopin Institute / Nardowy Instytut Fryderyka Chopina NIFCCD 617
    2016 Analekta AN 29129
    2015 Marco Polo 8225367
    2015 Appian / APR (Appian) APR 6017
    2015 Sony Classical 88843054582
    2012 Zephyr Z 137-10
    2012 Entertainment Group 1179
    2011 Newton Classics 8802076
    2011 Fryderyk Chopin Institute NIFCCD000020
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon 002894778445
    2010 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099996711
    2010 Fryderyk Chopin Institute 014
    2010 Decca 4782282
    2010 Decca
    2010 Simax 1307
    2010 Denon Records
    2009 Deutsche Grammophon / Universal Music Classics and Jazz 001382602
    2009 Dux Records 650
    2009 Sony Music Distribution 88697575002
    2008 Brilliant Classics 93217
    2008 Hyperion 44351
    2006 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 0946371472
    2006 Brilliant 99802
    2003 Forlane 126817
    2003 Sony Music Distribution 90428
    2002 London 43947
    2001 Forlane 16785
    2001 Sony Classical 89765
    2000 Russian Compact Disc (RCD) 16248
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463 047-2GCE17
    1999 Naxos 501501
    1999 Deutsche Grammophon 463063
    1999 Naxos 554537
    1997 Harmonia Mundi 907201
    1997 London 443738
    1995 London
    1995 Camerata Records 32CM263
    1995 APR (Appian) APR 7029
    1994 Sony Classical 53468
    1993 Sony Classical Essential Classics 53456
    1992 Naxos 550367
    1992 Arabesque 6630
    London 443947/1
    London 421035
    Dux Records 642
    Brilliant 99802/1
    Philips Classics 426828
    Denon Records 18034