Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 314 (K. 285d)

    Description by John Palmer

    For nearly two hundred years, scholars believed Mozart's Flute Concerto No. 2 in D major, K. 314 (K. 285d) was originally composed for the flute in Mannheim in early 1778. In 1952, musicologist Bernhard Paumgartner demonstrated conclusively that Mozart reworked the Oboe Concerto in C major, K. 271k, into a concerto for flute. Mozart composed the Oboe Concerto for Giuseppe Ferlendis, oboist in the orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg, sometime between the beginning of Ferlendis' service at the Salzburg court (April 1, 1777) and Mozart's departure for Mannheim (September 22, 1777). Mozart's father probably sent the manuscript of the Oboe Concerto to Mozart, when he apparently used the work in an attempt to get himself out of an embarrassing situation. According to Mozart, Ferdinand Dejean, a surgeon with the Dutch East India Co. whom Mozart had met in Mannheim, commissioned three flute concertos from the composer. Only one exists from this period, K. 313/285c. Most likely, Mozart revised the Salzburg Oboe Concerto to present to Dejean as a new flute concerto. Mozart never finished the third piece and the composer's fee was not fully paid. (Dejean also commissioned three flute quartets, only two of which Mozart finished.)

    Mozart's Flute Concerto in D major, K. 314, is an honest reworking of the oboe piece, not merely a transposition from C major to D major. The composer's sensitivity to the differences between the flute and the oboe enabled him to produce a flute part so idiomatically composed that subsequent generations praised the work as an original flute concerto. The concerto is scored for an orchestra of two oboes, two horns and strings. The first movement is far more interesting than that of the G major concerto, K. 313. In K. 314, the orchestration is scored in a lighter, more transparent fashion, highlighting the soloist and giving the numerous recurrent rhythmic figures more presence, especially the falling passage in the orchestra that first introduces the solo flute. Mozart's central slow movement is elegiac, with the flute placed throughout in its most liquid range. Mozart once wrote that he despised the flute, but the elegance of this movement makes this difficult to believe. The ebullient, Haydnesque finale is a Rondo in a quick 2/4 meter, with a rondo-theme that is bouncy and jagged. Most notable is the beginning of the central episode in which a tune based on the rondo-theme is developed in three-part counterpoint.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro aperto
    2. Adagio ma non troppo
    3. Rondeau. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2015 K-Tel 136445
    2015 Tuxedo Music TUXCD 1076
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 RCA Red Seal 5478072
    2012 Newton Classics 88021522
    2012 Virgin Classics 6217645
    2012 Decca
    2012 Sony Classical 88725463962
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94097
    2011 RCA Red Seal 88697828122
    2011 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4779331
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099908519
    2011 Denon Records
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Oehms Classics 747
    2010 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2010 EMI Classics 965937
    2010 Documents / Membran 232752
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon / DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Nimbus 2568/70
    2010 Denon Records
    2010 RCA / RCA Red Seal 88697547812
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 Denon Records
    2009 EMI Classics
    2008 Corona Classic Collection 0000482CCC
    2008 Brilliant 93162
    2008 BIS 1539
    2008 Premiers Horizons 070127
    2008 Virgin
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2008 Hungaroton 32560
    2008 Landscape Classics / Zebralution
    2008 Titanic 272
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2008 Bella Musica / Zebralution
    2007 HDC 40301
    2007 Apex
    2007 Virgin 65469
    2007 Brilliant Classics 93290
    2007 Stradivarius 33761
    2007 Decca
    2006 Pergola Recordings 1033
    2006 Globe 5213
    2006 Virgin Classics
    2006 Philips
    2006 Brilliant 92867
    2005 Brilliant 92702
    2005 Warner Music 4623332
    2005 Virgin Classics 62485
    2005 Naxos 6110055
    2005 EMI Classics
    2005 BIS 153901
    2005 Virgin Classics
    2005 Brilliant 92265
    2005 Virgin 32627
    2005 Meridian Records 84520
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Dutton Laboratories 9734
    2004 RCA Red Seal 59409
    2004 High Definition Classics 045
    2004 Decca
    2004 Naxos 5110055
    2004 Cantilena Records 66010
    2004 Camerata Records 28029
    2004 Artemis Classics ATMCD1271
    2004 Brilliant 92388
    2003 Madacy 2971
    2003 Delta Distribution 40039
    2003 Naxos 8557011
    2003 Brilliant 99713
    2003 Delta Distribution 40022
    2002 Haenssler 94002
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4456062
    2002 Disques Pierre Verany 730078
    2002 NM Classics 97016
    2001 MDG MDG610 1044-2
    2001 Teldec 4214762
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 74279
    2001 CBC Records 5078
    2001 Lifestyles 315022
    2000 Delta Distribution 49385
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 657-2GEQ
    2000 Philips 464810
    1999 RCA 63432
    1998 Rhino 72948
    1998 Rhino 72950
    1998 Music Masters Classics 67166
    1998 Arte Nova 34038
    1998 Sony Music Distribution 60381
    1997 RCA Red Seal 68256
    1997 Point Classics 265050
    1997 EMI Music Distribution 56365
    1997 Channel Classics 10297
    1997 Eclipse Records 64349
    1997 Vanguard 55
    1996 Teldec 10329
    1996 Jecklin JD704-2
    1996 Sony Music Distribution 62424
    1996 Madacy 4953
    1995 Curb 78019
    1995 IMP Classics 2036
    1995 Laserlight 873
    1995 Gallo 368
    1994 Pearl 9118
    1994 BIS 368
    1994 Decca 440080
    1994 Philips 442 299-2PM2
    1994 Madacy 5463
    1994 Teldec 94528
    1992 Chandos 8613
    1992 Denon Records 7803
    1992 Sony Music Distribution 48200
    1992 Sony Classical 48184
    1991 Decca
    1991 Philips 422509
    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon 429815
    1990 Laserlight 15840
    1990 Laserlight 15970
    1990 Laserlight 15235
    1989 Sony Music Distribution 44919
    1989 DG Deutsche Grammophon 427211
    RCA 63435
    Delta Distribution 15873
    RFCM Symphony Orchestra
    Laserlight 14037
    IMP Classics 2013
    RCA 7861
    ABC Classics 4766477
    Vox 3003
    BIS 5190261
    Brilliant 92627
    Sarx 2018
    EXT 3009
    EXL 4269
    EXL 4322
    Arion 68150
    Eurodisc 610130
    Pilz 160422
    London 421630
    Pro Digital 2419
    IMP Classics 1107
    Amado Classics 01010
    Naxos 550074
    Laserlight 15624
    EMI Classics 14121
    Brilliant 99713/2
    Brilliant 92265/2
    Brilliant 92388/20
    Brilliant 93162/7
    Brilliant 92626/13
    Brilliant Classics 93669/20
    Brilliant 92702/7
    Telarc Distribution 60624
    Telarc Distribution 80624
    Art Composer's Gallery 003670
    Excelsior Recordings 051
    MusicMasters 67191
    Laserlight 48008
    Decca 4757798
    RCA 752355
    Arlecchino 187
    Madacy 4625
    Vox 7198
    RCA 60450
    FRB Records 003
    Musical Heritage Society 5172076
    Virgin 61678