Anonymous, English

Estampie

    Description by James Reel

    One of Western Europe's oldest surviving dance forms, the estampie (or in Italian, istanpita) mainly survives in two thirteenth and fourteenth century manuscripts, one French (with 16 compositions) and the other Italian (with eight). Scholars argue over whether the estampie was an actual dance or merely a stylization; whatever the truth may be, its form was rather complex even though it relied on repetition. An estampie could consist of three to seven melodic units, or puncta, each one repeated immediately. Complicating matters is the ending of each of the puncta -- one ending for the first iteration, and a second ending for the repeat. In the French estampies, this same pair of first and second endings could be attached to every puncta pair, resulting in a sequence of different melodic units, each with the same endings. Thus, if the puncta were represented by A, B, and C, and the endings by x and y, a typical pattern would be AxAyBxByCxCy. The Italian scheme is more variable. Another national difference: the French estampies are in triple meter, with puncta eight to 20 measures long; the Italian istanpite, in contrast, are in duple meter, with the puncta stretching from 20 to more than 100 measures.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Naxos 8578338-39
    2015 ABC Classics ABC 4812235
    2011 Dorian Sono Luminus DSL 92133
    2011 Sony Music Distribution
    2010 Ensemble Passacaglia EP0100A
    2002 Leonarda 340
    2000 Berlin Classics 0032122
    2000 Opus 111 30272
    1999 Nimbus 1753
    1999 Pavane 7415
    1999 Christophorus 77003
    1998 Naxos 8 553442
    1997 Dorian 80155
    1997 Vanguard 8093/94
    1996 Christophorus 77193
    1995 Globe 5112
    1995 Gallo 088
    1995 Jecklin 669
    1994 Dorian Discovery / Dorian Recordings 80139
    1994 BIS 3
    1994 Legacy 341
    1993 Hyperion 66685
    1991 DHM Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 77155
    1987 Delos DE1003
    Legacy 397
    BBC Music Magazine EM2
    Erato 88047
    Dorian 80139
    New World Records 433
    Sony Music Distribution 27244
    Finlandia 98036