Maurice Ravel

Boléro, ballet for orchestra

    Description by Rovi Staff

    Maurice Ravel's Boléro is easily its composer's most famous work. It is famous to historians and record-books for ostensibly containing the longest-sustained single crescendo anywhere in the orchestral repertory; it is famous to collectors of anecdotes for having been humorously dubbed a "piece for orchestra without music" by Ravel; and it is famous to musicians and music lovers for being both the most repetitive 15 minutes of music they are likely to play/hear and also one of the most absolutely well-composed 15 such minutes. But, though Ravel would almost certainly have objected to this particular kind of fame, Boléro is most famous for having served as the background music for an erotic interlude in a major Hollywood motion picture (10, starring Bo Derek and Dudley Moore).

    Boléro was commissioned by the dancer Ida Rubinstein in 1928; she specifically requested a work with Spanish character. Ravel's original intention was to orchestrate sections of Albéniz's Iberia, but he could not obtain the rights. Ravel wrote his miniature ballet as a technical exercise in composition, seeking to grow an entire orchestral work out of only a single melodic idea. It never occurred to him that it might become a popular work; but it did of course, and two years later Ravel crafted a version for two pianos so that he might continue to reap the harvest he had unwittingly sown. The premiere itself (at the Theatre of the Paris Opera with Rubinstein and her troupe, on November 22, 1928) was so enthusiastically received, that the audience shouted for the encore of the final scene.

    Boléro is, on the surface, an astoundingly simple piece. An ostinato rhythm in the percussion begins at the beginning and maintains its steady pulse throughout; likewise an ostinato bass pattern. Atop this firm foundation is placed a theme in two halves that is made into what more-or-less amounts to a set of variations. Instruments are added, harmonies are filled-out, the music grows louder and more rambunctious, and, in a grand climax, C major is abandoned for E (if only for a brief time); here, for the very first time, we get the unsettling impression that it is perhaps not a happy piece after all, but a most disquieting commentary on aspects of life in the Roaring Twenties (Ravel himself was quite disturbed by how quickly high society took up Boléro as its own). C major is quickly re-established, and pungent trombone glissandos lead the way to a hair-raising close.

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 ABC Classics 4812458
    2016 ABC Classics 4814661
    2016 ABC Classics 4812456
    2016 Arc Music EUCD 2650
    2016 Berlin Classics 0300718 BC
    2016 Somerset Entertainment 58235
    2016 Urania WS 1212682
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 DG Deutsche Grammophon B002463002
    2016 Sony Classical 88985313542
    2016 Naxos 8578336-37
    2016 RCA Red Seal 88985321742
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4795448
    2015 Onyx / Onyx Classics ONYX 4128
    2015 Alpha ALPHA 225
    2015 Loreley LY 058
    2015 Peral
    2015 Animal Music ANI 0442
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894794261
    2015 K-Tel 136441
    2015 Brilliant Classics 94933BR
    2015 Warner Classics 552758
    2015 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894795229
    2015 Melodiya MELCD 1002295
    2014 Warner Classics 2564633593
    2014 Telarc
    2014 Telarc TEL 3534202
    2014 Genuin GEN 14543
    2014 Brilliant Classics 94892BR
    2014 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2014 BIS BIS 2049
    2014 ZYX / ZYX Music CLA 101812
    2014 Sophia Pallas and Julian Trail
    2014 Decca / Eloquence
    2014 Tacet TACET 207BDA
    2014 Saifam 10302
    2014 United Audio / United Audio Entertainment TC 53382
    2013 Genuin GEN 13291
    2013 Naïve V 5332
    2013 Decca 4785437
    2013 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099972343
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4791421
    2013 Supraphon SU 41322
    2013 Genuin GEN 13260
    2013 Tacet 207SA
    2013 Decca / Mercury 4785092
    2013 K-Tel 82468
    2013 Warner Classics 2564651447
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4791677
    2013 Lim / Telarc 63
    2013 Elatus 460025
    2013 Haenssler / Hänssler / Hänssler Classic 93305
    2013 K-Tel 93252
    2013 ABC Classics ABC 5343879
    2013 Tacet TACET 207LP
    2012 Classic FM
    2012 Warner Classics 667000
    2012 Dooload. De / Zebralution
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    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4790333
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 002894770055
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    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4783386
    2012 DG Deutsche Grammophon
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    2012 Naxos NBD 0030
    2012 Naxos 8572887
    2012 Decca 4783725
    2012 Decca
    2012 AAO Music VER 62802
    2012 ABC Classics 344862
    2012 Denon Classics
    2012 Denon Classics UMI_00795041791
    2012 Denon Classics UMI_00795041791
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    2008 Divine Art DDA 25057
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    2007 K-Tel 1033
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    2006 Weitblick 41
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    2006 Exton 100
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    2005 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler 4042
    2005 EMI Classics 85460
    2005 RCA Red Seal 66374
    2005 EMI Classics 76860
    2005 EMI Classics 4768592
    2005 Erato / Virgin Classics 7243482000
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    2005 Decca 4756891
    2005 Brilliant 6884
    2005 Platinum Entertainment 3778
    2005 PentaTone Classics 5186058
    2005 Preiser Records 90637
    2004 St. Clair 621
    2004 St. Clair 96852
    2004 Music & Arts 1146
    2004 Denon Records 17344
    2004 St. Clair 9979
    2004 St. Clair 31232
    2004 Laserlight 14393
    2004 Intersound 5849
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 585216
    2004 History 205651
    2004 Chandos 10251
    2004 Beggars Banquet MXCD1512
    2004 Telarc Distribution 80601
    2004 Telarc Distribution 60601
    2004 Denon Records 17385
    2004 RCA Victor Red Seal / RCA / RCA Victor 61386
    2004 DG Deutsche Grammophon 477 074-2
    2004 Delta Distribution 16393
    2004 Sanctuary Records 3020
    2004 High Definition Classics 024
    2004 Elatus 2564606832
    2004 RCA Red Seal 60868
    2004 United Audio Entertainment 6516
    2004 Berlin Classics 0032812
    2004 Golden Classics / Madacy 3220
    2004 BMG International / RCA PD 89381
    2003 Drakkar 74321972672
    2003 Delta Distribution 40030
    2003 Delta Distribution 40097
    2003 Brilliant 6430
    2003 Tahra 1
    2003 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 40044
    2003 Dal Segno 004
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000020302
    2003 Legacy 708
    2003 Philips 000044102
    2003 Mobile Fidelity Sound Lab 4002
    2003 EMI Classics
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 474 172-2GEN
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80052
    2003 Decca 000073602
    2003 Novalis 150171
    2003 AIX Entertainment 1339
    2003 United Audio Entertainment 62802
    2003 DG Deutsche Grammophon 000002502
    2003 Delta Distribution 40094
    2003 Laserlight 40020
    2003 Delta Distribution 40093
    2003 Delta / Delta Distribution / Laserlight 40019
    2002 Vox 90104
    2002 Delta Distribution 14571
    2002 Arte Nova 67513
    2002 Naxos 8556811
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 5 75526-2
    2002 Decca 470036
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 29436
    2002 Cascavelle 3049
    2002 Pierian 0013
    2002 Haenssler 94012
    2002 Laserlight / Delta Distribution 36211
    2002 Accord 472252
    2002 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469354
    2002 Andante AND1978
    2002 Disky 70743
    2001 Naxos 8 558032/3
    2001 St. Clair 7382
    2001 Angel Records 561901-2
    2001 Direct Source / Direct Source Special 1646
    2001 D Classics 70683
    2001 Kado Records / Nesak International 19113
    2001 Nesak International 9113
    2001 St. Clair 7372
    2001 Lifestyles 150034
    2001 BCI-Eclipse Distribution 40030
    2001 EtCetera Records 1054
    2001 Rca Red Seal 84604
    2001 DG Panorama / DG Deutsche Grammophon 2GP2-469-256
    2001 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469250
    2001 RCA 68015
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    2001 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 724356759527
    2001 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469628
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 4-92395-9
    2001 EMI Music Distribution 574750-2
    2001 D Classics 70685
    2001 Philips 464733
    2001 Arte Nova 43317
    2001 EMI Classics / EMI Music Distribution 5 74947-2
    2001 Eclipse Music Group 540
    2001 Eclipse Music Group / Eclipse Records 538
    2001 Disky 70676
    2001 Lifestyles 315018
    2000 Tring 001
    2000 D Classics 70592
    2000 Direct Source 33902
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    2000 Teldec 82121
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 634-2GEQ
    2000 Intersound 2535
    2000 Delta Distribution 24473
    2000 Angel Records 561742-2
    2000 RCA 63586
    2000 Direct Source 66172
    2000 Onyx Classix 1917
    2000 Delta Distribution 14544
    2000 Madacy 9157
    2000 Philips Classics 468 145-2PEQ
    2000 Fine Classics 4404
    2000 Intersound 1767
    2000 Fine Tune 4408
    2000 Chandos 6615
    2000 Delta Distribution 40011
    2000 Multisonic 310492
    2000 Harmonia Mundi 1951434
    2000 Laserlight 55571
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 469 184-2GP2
    2000 Classicworks 6609
    2000 Delta Distribution 24489
    2000 T-Rax 47
    2000 RCA 63670
    2000 Erato 80073
    2000 Unesco 70630
    2000 Virgin 61263
    2000 Chandos 7101
    2000 Virgin 61264
    2000 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4634852
    2000 Platinum Entertainment 1133
    2000 Platinum Entertainment 977
    2000 Phoenix USA 147
    1999 Sugo 9988
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 4237682
    1999 Madacy 8620
    1999 Decca 4665632
    1999 Delta Distribution 15818
    1999 Intersound 1466
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 67720
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 1891
    1999 Concerto 2802
    1999 Classical Collection 62000
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 447398
    1999 Chandos 9206
    1999 Haenssler 91116
    1999 Platinum Entertainment 3859
    1999 Warner Classics
    1999 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243573567
    1999 Penguin Classics 460633
    1999 Ars Musici 5082
    1999 Decca 460214
    1999 Madacy 8408
    1999 Angel Records / Warner Classics 7243573293
    1999 DG Deutsche Grammophon 459439
    1999 Rene Gailly 87146
    1999 Chandos 9202
    1999 Haenssler 98351
    1999 Intersound 3854
    1999 Madacy 4766
    1999 Music & Arts 4898
    1999 History 203190
    1999 EMI Music Distribution 69607
    1998 Naxos 8 554044
    1998 Intersound 3846
    1998 ZYX Music 81178
    1998 Intersound 2805
    1998 DG Deutsche Grammophon 457496
    1998 Classic Records 1025
    1998 Capriccio Records 31003
    1998 Philips 456589
    1998 Sony Classical 60565
    1998 Teldec 18959
    1998 Platinum Entertainment 1735
    1998 Madacy 8090
    1998 Cala Records 102
    1997 Creative Music Market 512
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    1997 CMM Music 515
    1997 BX 98572
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    1997 Intersound 1728
    1997 Teldec 13133
    1997 Leningrad Masters 1304
    1997 Creative Music Market 516
    1997 London 455158
    1997 BX 99362
    1997 Intersound 1218
    1997 Philips 422911
    1997 Carlton Classics 01982
    1997 HR-Musik 703042
    1997 Berlin Classics 92532
    1997 London 448576
    1997 Madacy 8825
    1997 Point Classics 265046
    1997 BMG 68600
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    1997 Intersound 1219
    1997 Tudor Records 7062
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    1996 Intersound 1075
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    1995 Reference Recordings 3615
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    1995 DG Deutsche Grammophon 447426
    1995 DG / DG Deutsche Grammophon 400 061-2GH
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    1995 Intercord Klassische Diskothek 820554
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    1995 Infinity Digital 61976
    1995 Delta Distribution / Laserlight 15849
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    1995 Sony Music Distribution 22184
    1995 Madacy 7630
    1995 Intercord Klassische Diskothek 892923
    1995 Sony Music Distribution 23247
    1995 Laserlight 35816
    1995 RCA 68136
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    1994 Naxos 551146
    1994 Chesky Records CHESKYCD 57
    1994 Classical Heritage 1212
    1994 Classical Heritage / Intersound 1211
    1994 Telarc Distribution 80100
    1994 Madacy Distribution / Madacy MSB2-8702
    1994 BIS 489
    1994 Classical Heritage 1204
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    1994 Delta Distribution / Laserlight 12296
    1994 EMI Music Distribution 65204
    1994 Naxos 550501
    1994 RCA Classical 17902
    1994 Bescol 507
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    1994 DG Deutsche Grammophon 439859
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    1994 RCA 61956
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    1993 Telarc Distribution 80324
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    1993 Masters of Music 3070
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    1992 EMI Music Distribution 64328
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    1992 Cala Records 1004
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    1990 DG Deutsche Grammophon
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    Philips 442356
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    Decca 411928
    Intersound 3458
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    Philips 420812
    DG Deutsche Grammophon 427025
    EXT 3004
    Excelsior Recordings 4294
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    D Classics 707522
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