Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Symphony No. 16 in C major, K. 128

    Description by James Reel

    Modestly scored (like most of Mozart's symphonies and serenades of the early 1770s) for strings, oboes, and horns, this is one of the symphonies Mozart wrote in Salzburg shortly after his travels in Italy, and it finds the composer beginning to shake off the influences of Italian opera overtures, although it does fall into only three movements.

    The Allegro maestoso evokes the sound of C.P.E. Bach and the Mannheim composers, with a little blurt for full orchestra followed by a long, jogging passage in threes -- fast triplets in a broad triple time. The second subject, such as it is, features octave leaps for the violins but hardly counts as independent material. As if making up for the minimal development sections in most of his earlier symphonies, Mozart begins this one with a daring plunge into remote harmonies. Even so, this development is quite limited and turns out to be little more than an arresting transition into the recapitulation.

    The Andante grazioso, for strings alone, is essentially a gavotte, the A section with its variant framing a slightly contrasting B section with its own variation. Eschewing a minuet, Mozart moves straight into the concluding Allegro, an occasionally fiery rondo; the initial melody, graceful as it is, repeatedly gives way to more agitated material that threatens to dominate the movement, as well as some hunting-horn material.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro maestoso
    2. Andante grazioso
    3. Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88875173752
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Dacapo 8201201
    2013 Naxos 8501109
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94295
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80729
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2007 Dacapo 6220540
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894776134
    2006 Philips 4647702
    2006 Melodiya MELCD 1000975
    2006 Universal
    2006 Philips
    2005 Brilliant 92110
    2005 Brilliant 92543
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Naxos 8501107
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 85589
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80242
    2003 Brilliant 99730
    2002 Archiv Produktion 471666
    1999 Philips 422500
    1999 Past Perfect / Trumpets of Jericho 203300
    1999 Arts Music 47278-2
    1999 Angel Records 73631
    1997 Philips 454085
    1997 Point Classics 265083
    1997 452496
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 4532312
    1995 Naxos 550874
    1994 CBC Records 5133
    1991 Telarc Distribution 80300
    1990 Philips 422501
    Trumpets of Jericho 203304
    EXL 4254
    EXT 3009
    Deutsche Grammophon 431711
    Amado Classics 01009
    Brilliant 92625
    Brilliant 92543/3
    Brilliant 99730/3
    Brilliant Classics 8635/3
    Brilliant 92110/3
    Brilliant 92625/3
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 417518
    EXL 4268
    Aurophon Records 31494
    EXT 3007