Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Symphony No. 14 in A major, K. 114

    Description by James Leonard

    The Symphony No. 14 in A major, K. 114, was the first symphony Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote in Salzburg after the 14-year-old composer's second trip to Italy. Finished on December 30, 1771, Mozart wrote an additional seven symphonies in Salzburg in the next year and a further 28 symphonies over the next four years, an intensity of symphonic composition that no other composer has ever matched. Scored for winds and strings, the Symphony in A major is a four-movement Viennese work, elegant, graceful, and supremely witty. The opening Allegro moderato starts quietly and its main theme is really five superb thematic ideas with a short but fascinating development section. The horns fall silent in the following Andante, a gentle movement in triple time with a lyrical main theme and a central section featuring tenderly lyrical string counterpoint. The horns return for the Menuetto with its vigorous outer sections for strings shaded by winds and its quietly haunting minore Trio for strings alone. The closing Molto allegro opens with a twice-repeated fanfare for full orchestra, followed by a common chord change without a main theme and a series of graceful and delightful episodes. Apparently, the lack of a main theme indicates that the work was intended to be played at Salzburg's Carnival and the revelers were supposed to improvise a tune over the change. Those were the days.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Allegro moderato
    2. Andante
    3. Menuetto & Trio
    4. Molto Allegro

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2016 Sony Classical / Sony Music Distribution 88875173752
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon
    2013 Cube Squared Records C 2R604
    2013 Dacapo 8201201
    2013 Zebralution
    2013 Naxos 8501109
    2011 Brilliant Classics 94295
    2011 Nimbus NI 2579/80
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2009 Dacapo / Danmark 6220539
    2009 Denon Records
    2008 Telarc Distribution 80729
    2008 Philips 4646602
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 002894776134
    2006 Philips 4647702
    2006 Universal
    2006 Philips
    2005 Brilliant 92110
    2005 Brilliant 92543
    2005 Brilliant 92540
    2004 Naxos 8501107
    2003 EMI Music Distribution 85589
    2003 Telarc Distribution 80242
    2003 Brilliant 99730
    2002 Archiv Produktion 471666
    2000 Haenssler 98335
    1999 Philips 422500
    1999 Past Perfect / Trumpets of Jericho 203300
    1999 Angel Records 73631
    1998 Arts Music 47277
    1997 Philips 454085
    1997 452496
    1996 Deutsche Grammophon 4532312
    1995 Naxos 550873
    1993 Archiv Produktion 437792
    1991 Telarc Distribution 80300
    1990 Philips 422501
    1984 Delos 3012
    MusicMasters 67116
    Trumpets of Jericho 203303
    Deutsche Grammophon 431711
    Brilliant 92625
    Brilliant Classics 8635/3
    Brilliant 92110/3
    Brilliant 92543/3
    Brilliant 99730/3
    Brilliant 92625/3
    L'Oiseau-Lyre 417518
    MCA 9808
    Musical Heritage Society 513396