Maurice Ravel

Sonatine for piano in F sharp minor, M. 40

    Description by Meredith Gailey

    Ravel began composing what later became known as his Sonatine when the Anglo-French magazine Weekly Critical Review conducted a competition for the first movement of a piano sonata. He was at an advantage with a unique style that gave him the ability to take the traditional sonata form, which had come to a "dead end" during the second half of the nineteenth century, and bring life to it by avoiding pitfalls and clichés. When the magazine went bankrupt, Ravel added two more movements to his competition piece, and thus completed his Sonatine. Representative of his first formative period, the work is bright and clear, and only gently touches the listener's emotions. Using fluidity, light coloring, and the intervals of the fourth and fifth as unifying features, the work is written using primarily the three middle octaves of the piano. Ravel was known for his tightly written pieces and Sonatine was no exception; it easily reminds one of the refined objets d'art of the eighteenth century. The opening Modéré-doux et espressif -- is written in strict sonata form, has a first theme around the tonality of F sharp minor, a second around D major and B minor, and a development section of intense excitement. The second movement -- Mouvement de menuet -- is an uncomplicated minuet in D flat, which flowers in its final measures. The work closes with virtuoso writing marked Animé. Moving nervously between 3/4 and 5/4, waves of music pour forward with a few horn calls in the left hand.

    When on June 16, 1904, the first movement of the Sonatine was performed for its dedicatees Cipa and Ida Godebski (Ma Mère l'oye was dedicated to their children), it was very well received, and when the full work was given by Paule de Lestang on March 10, 1906, under the patronage of the Lyon Revue musicale, enthusiasm was so great that Durand put it into immediate publication.

    Parts/Movements

    1. Modéré
    2. Mouvement de menuet
    3. Animé

    Appears On

    Year Title Label Catalog #
    2018 MSR Classics MS 1643
    2018 Menuetto Classics
    2018 Winter & Winter 9102442
    2018 SWR Music SWR 19052CD
    2018 Rubicon / Rubicon Classics RCD 1008
    2018 Profil - Edition Günter Hänssler PH 18050
    2017 ICA Classics ICAB 5141
    2017 Dacapo 82012020000
    2017 Centaur Records CRC 3581/3582
    2017 Orchid Classics ORC 100061
    2017 Warner Classics 0190295775063
    2017 Deutsche Grammophon
    2017 Tacet TACET 227
    2016 Sonoma 1482849
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon
    2016 Deutsche Grammophon 4795978
    2016 Bella Musica BM 312465
    2016 Erato 082564602681
    2016 Harmonia Mundi HMX 290856061
    2016 Acousence Classics ACOCD 12515
    2015 Honens 201502CD
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon
    2015 Gall (formerly Gallo) / Gallo CD 1445
    2015 Calliope CAL 1521
    2015 Capriccio Records C 5260
    2015 Linn / Linn Records BKD 523
    2015 Deutsche Grammophon 4794647
    2015 Willowhayne Records LNHWLW 19705
    2014 Three Oranges Recordings 3OR 14
    2014 Three Oranges Recordings
    2014 Doremi / Doremi Records DHR 6029
    2014 Harmonia Mundi HMX 290871015
    2014 Haenssler / Hänssler 933180000000
    2014 Alto ALC 1279
    2013 CAvi-music AVI 8553273
    2013 Preiser Records PR 91243
    2013 Berlin Classics 0300537BC
    2013 EMI Classics
    2013 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 9145092
    2013 Warner Classics
    2013 Piano Classics PCLD 0055
    2013 Arts Music 477638
    2013 Brilliant Classics 94772
    2013 Maguelone MAG 111149
    2012 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099970490
    2012 Channel Classics CCS SA 31612
    2012 Honens 201103
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 Fuga Libera FGL 592
    2012 MDG / Zebralution
    2012 Decca
    2012 Decca 4783725
    2012 Yarlung Records YAR 87598
    2012 Divine Art DDA 25099
    2011 Documents / Membran 232868
    2011 Sospiro / Sospiro Records SOS 492
    2011 Analekta AN 29985
    2011 EtCetera Records KTC 1432
    2011 Regis Records PCL 1011
    2011 Hyperion CDA 67731
    2011 EMI Classics / Warner Classics 5099902831428
    2010 Hyperion 4442135
    2010 Decca
    2010 Decca 4782541
    2010 BBC Music Magazine 324
    2010 Avi-Music / CAvi-music 8553174
    2010 Musicus 1008
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Documents / Membran 233017
    2010 Warner Classics
    2010 Brilliant Classics 94083
    2010 Lyrinx 2233
    2010 Deutsche Grammophon
    2010 Tutti 3
    2009 Prima La Musica / Zebralution
    2009 EMI Classics 13251
    2009 Pierian 0038
    2009 Cembal d'amour 138
    2009 UT3 Records / Zebralution
    2009 Audite 92571
    2009 Blue Saphir 1010
    2008 EMI Classics 217304
    2008 Klavier Records 11016
    2008 Deutsche Grammophon 001190702
    2008 Jaro / Zebralution
    2008 Warner Classics & Jazz 2564 695498
    2008 Brilliant Classics 9020
    2008 Linn Records 315
    2008 Madacy 52953
    2008 Madacy 52952
    2008 Vanguard Classics 123
    2008 Brilliant Classics 6980
    2007 Philips 4757739
    2007 Philips
    2007 Eroica Distribution 3318
    2007 Transart Live 143
    2007 Erato 284668
    2007 Doremi Records 7883
    2006 Deutsche Grammophon 4776201
    2006 Arbiter ARBITER149
    2006 Vox Aeterna 00103
    2006 ZBPI 1051536
    2006 Vanguard 1860
    2005 Andante 2110
    2005 Miro Classical Records / Miro Classical Records angelajiakim2
    2005 EMI Classics / Warner Classics
    2005 Eroica Distribution JDT 3198
    2005 Cascavelle 3075
    2005 EMI Music Distribution / Warner Classics 7243586061
    2005 Connoisseur Society 4255
    2005 Brilliant 6884
    2004 EMI Music Distribution 85990
    2004 Claves 2405
    2004 Summit Records 382
    2004 Kleos Classics 5130
    2004 MDG 6041190
    2003 Boston Records 1056
    2003 Chandos 10142
    2003 Bayer Records 100344/5
    2003 Naïve V 4936
    2003 Scandinavian Classics 220509
    2003 Calliope 3824/5
    2003 Harmonia Mundi 901811/12
    2003 Accord 4760941
    2002 Cascavelle 3047
    2002 Musicians Showcase MS 1070
    2002 Naxos 8555798
    2002 Hyperion 67341/2
    2002 EMI Music Distribution 74793
    2002 APR (Appian) 5593
    2002 Channel Classics 17502
    2002 Music & Arts CD1098
    2001 Royal Classics 700962
    2001 Supraphon 35842
    2001 Supraphon 35802
    2001 Angel Records / EMI Classics 57101
    2001 Ensayo 9808
    2001 Tudor Records 777
    2001 Classica d'Oro 3020
    2001 Sony Music Distribution 5033892
    2000 VAI Audio 1043
    2000 Pan 510096
    1999 BIS 1020
    1999 Philips 456754
    1999 BBC Legends / BBC Music 40302
    1999 Philips 456817
    1999 Philips 462232
    1999 Philips 454987
    1999 Philips 456910
    1999 Philips 456775
    1999 Wergo 6018250
    1999 Summit Records 239
    1998 Philips 456700
    1998 MusicMasters 67172
    1998 Erato / Virgin 7243561489
    1998 Sony Classical 63316
    1997 Deutsche Grammophon 453576
    1997 Teldec 0630-12361-2
    1997 Opening Day Recordings 9309
    1996 Stradivarius 13602
    1996 Nimbus 7713
    1996 Centaur Records 2226
    1995 Koch International Classics 37102
    1995 Music & Arts CD-859
    1995 M Records 001
    1995 Conifer 51755
    1995 Sierra Classical 5002
    1995 Klavier Records KCD11055
    1994 Unichrom 1012
    1994 BIS 23
    1994 Chandos 7004
    1994 Sony Music Distribution 53528
    1994 Teldec 94539
    1994 Naxos 550254
    1994 Decca / London 440836
    1994 Naxos 550683
    1993 RCA 60985
    1993 Philips 438353
    1993 Harmonia Mundi 190923
    1992 London 433515
    1992 Vox 5012
    1992 Chandos 8647
    1992 CRD Records 3383
    1992 Vox CDX25507
    1984 Hungaroton 12317
    Labor Records
    Brioso Recordings 127
    Supraphon 111476
    Biddulph Recordings 006
    EMI Classics 2001
    Teacher's Pet Product 211
    ASV CDQS6252
    MDG 6421086
    FSM Adagio 97724
    The Gift of Music 1041
    Denon Records 8008
    Theorema 121163
    Performance 8
    Vanguard SVC148
    Classical West, Inc.
    Triton 15
    Erato 94826
    Calliope 9825
    Erato
    Solstice Records 122
    Meridian Records 84207
    Deutsche Grammophon 000403002
    Elan Recordings 2232
    Channel Classics 17598
    Virgin Classics 62363
    Calliope 9226
    Cambria 1119